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The United Kingdom: Late Codification, Early Reform

Andreas Busch

in Banking Regulation and Globalization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218813
eISBN:
9780191711763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218813.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines banking regulation in the United Kingdom. It begins with a description of the historical development of the banking system and its regulatory structure, followed by an ... More


The British Government, the Bank of England, and Multinational Banking

Geoffrey Jones

in British Multinational Banking, 1830-1990

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206026
eISBN:
9780191676925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206026.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter talks about the overall assessment of the public policy impact on British multinational banks. The Bank of England played a major role in helping British multinational banks prevent any ... More


Functioning of the Eurosystem framework since 1999

F. Papadia and T. Välimäki

in The Concrete Euro: Implementing Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199557523
eISBN:
9780191725005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557523.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

This chapter examines empirically the actual functioning of the Eurosystem framework for the implementation of monetary policy, i.e. the monetary policy implementation technology, in normal times and ... More


The Rules of the Bimetallic Game

Marc Flandreau

in The Glitter of Gold: France Bimetallism and the Emergence of the International Gold Standard 1848-1873

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257867
eISBN:
9780191601279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257868.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 5 studies the rules of bimetallic game. It discusses the constraints and opportunities of bimetallic regimes for monetary authorities. It shows that, contrary to a widespread view, a ... More


Drifting Towards Oblivion, 1950–1959

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

This chapter look at the decline of the London Stock Exchange during the 1950s. The first part discusses the ways that the Stock Exchange raised money to enable it to survive in the early 1950s, ... More


V10. Central Bank Independence

Matthew Flinders

in Democratic Drift: Majoritarian Modification and Democratic Anomie in the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199271597
eISBN:
9780191709234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271597.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Throughout the twentieth century the view was taken by consecutive governments that the United Kingdom's constitution was incompatible with the concept of central bank independence. New Labour ... More


Probability event forecasting with the UK model

Anthony Garratt, Kevin Lee, M. Hashem Pesaran, and Yongcheol Shin

in Global and National Macroeconometric Modelling: A Long-Run Structural Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199296859
eISBN:
9780191603853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199296855.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter is concerned with forecasting and prediction based on the UK model. It elaborates on the notion of probability forecasting, which provides a useful means of conveying the uncertainties ... More


Finance For Industry: The 1970s

Richard Coopey

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

ICFC had successfully combined the role of making money with the role of serving the country in the small firm sector, under the ‘paternal’ eye of the Bank of England. The Bank had never had any ... More


The Anatomy of Economic Policy Making in the 1970s: ‘The Railway Timetables’

Douglas Wass

in Decline to Fall: The Making of British Macro-economic Policy and the 1976 IMF Crisis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534746
eISBN:
9780191715884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534746.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter goes through the process by which macro-economic policy in the UK was made in the post-War years, and in particular, in the 1970s. It looks at the methodology of aggregate demand ... More


A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

J. C. R. Dow and I. D. Saville

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283195
eISBN:
9780191596186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283199.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This book has been written to work on two levels. On the one hand, it provides a theory of monetary policy, focusing on the role of the central bank in determining and effecting policy. It also ... More


The Conceptualization of the System

Antoin E. Murphy

in John Law: Economic Theorist and Policy-maker

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198286493
eISBN:
9780191596674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828649X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Discusses the way in which Law modelled the General (later Royal) Bank on the Bank of England and the Mississippi Company on British trading companies such as the East India Company and the South Sea ... More


Reinventing money: The beginning of bank currency

Christine Desan

in Making Money: Coin, Currency, and the Coming of Capitalism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709572
eISBN:
9780191779800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709572.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

When the English government established the Bank of England and borrowed from it in the form of Bank notes, it created modern cash. Bank notes were private promises to pay specie, but they were also ... More


The First World War, 1914–1919 1

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The First World War had a threefold effect on the Treasury: the functions of the department were extended on the finance side; Treasury control over public expenditure and establishments was greatly ... More


Comparison of LLR Powers of Fed with Bank of England, European Central Bank, and Bank of Japan

Hal S. Scott

in Connectedness and Contagion: Protecting the Financial System from Panics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034371
eISBN:
9780262332156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034371.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Fed's three major peers are the Bank of England (BOE), the European Central Bank, and the Bank of Japan (BOJ). This chapter begins with a description of the powers of the three peer central ... More


Reorganization and Retrenchment, 1919–1924

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

In the aftermath of the First World War, the Treasury collaborated, to a greater or lesser degree, with the Bank of England on monetary policy, and with the Foreign Office on reparations and war ... More


The Treasury Under Labour, 1945–1951

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The period 1945–1951 saw the Treasury become the central department of government again, with enhanced responsibility for co-ordinating economic policy. However, the enlargement of the Treasury's ... More


Competition and Complacency, 1997–2007

Ranald C. Michie

in British Banking: Continuity and Change from 1694 to the Present

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198727361
eISBN:
9780191793516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727361.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The 1997 change in government ushered in a new era for banking regulation in Britain. Instead of the Bank of England having responsibility for supervising the banking system, a new body was created, ... More


The Beginnings of Central Bank Cooperation: Tokyo and London, 1895–1914

Simon James Bytheway and Mark Metzler

in Central Banks and Gold: How Tokyo, London, and New York Shaped the Modern World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704949
eISBN:
9781501705953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704949.003.0002
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter traces the beginnings of regularized central bank cooperation between the Bank of England (BoE) and the Bank of Japan (BoJ). After 1896, the Bank of Japan kept very large balances at the ... More


Recovery and Crisis: 1945–1949

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The first part of this chapter discusses the efforts by the London Stock Exchange to survive and prosper post‐war under continuing government control, and to try to avoid direct Treasury supervision ... More


Making Money: Coin, Currency, and the Coming of Capitalism

Christine Desan

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709572
eISBN:
9780191779800
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709572.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Money travels the modern world in disguise. It looks like a convention of human exchange – a commodity like gold or a medium like language. But its history reveals that money is a very different ... More


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