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Estonia and Latvia: International Influences on Citizenship and Minority Integration

Vello Pettai

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Argues that the Baltic states, mainly Estonia and Latvia, represent examples of the complicated sequence of endogenously derived transition and exogenously influenced consolidation. These democratic ... More


NATO’s Achilles’ Heel: The Baltic States

Agnia Grigas

in Beyond Crimea: The New Russian Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300214505
eISBN:
9780300220766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300214505.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The unique case of the Baltic States as EU and NATO members is discussed in this chapter. The implications of Russia’s compatriot policies in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are assessed, particularly ... More


The Transition Mortality Crisis: Evidence, Interpretation and Policy Responses  

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The study focuses on the behavior of mortality rates of fourteen countries in Eastern and Central Europe during the transition period. Mortality rates differ from country to country: the Czech ... More


Government and Philosophy

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the advent of Cartesianism. It then covers Cartesianism in Central Europe, New Philosophy's conquest of Scandinavia and the Baltic, philosophy and royal ... More


Introduction

Ammon Cheskin

in Russian Speakers in Post-Soviet Latvia: Discursive Identity Strategies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780748697434
eISBN:
9781474418539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697434.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This introduction examines the ‘identity crisis’ facing Russians and Russian speakers in post-Soviet Latvia following the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union. It provides a scholarly literature ... More


Political Europeanization since 1989

Katherine Graney

in Russia, the Former Soviet Republics, and Europe Since 1989: Transformation and Tragedy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190055080
eISBN:
9780190055127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055080.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics, European Union

This chapter examines the process of EU expansion into the former Soviet Union since 1989, identifying the different criteria that have been used to judge candidates for EU membership. The Central ... More


1918–19: The Triumphal March of Reaction

Jonathan D. Smele

in The "Russian" Civil Wars, 1916—1926: Ten Years That Shook the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190233044
eISBN:
9780190618551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233044.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the escalation of violence across the former Russian Empire as the First World War drew to a close, analysing the origins and early operations of the anti-Bolshevik Volunteer ... More


Beyond Crimea: The New Russian Empire

Agnia Grigas

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780300214505
eISBN:
9780300220766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300214505.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Over the coming years the question on every Russia scholar’s, policymaker’s, and military strategist’s mind will be whether a resurgent Russia will seek additional territorial expansion in Eastern ... More


‘A mass which you could form into whatever you wanted’: refugees and state building in Lithuania and Courland, 1914–21

Klaus Richter

in Europe on the Move: Refugees in the Era of the Great War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784994419
eISBN:
9781526128232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994419.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on refugees in the region that later became the Baltic States and that in the Russian Empire formed the Baltic provinces and parts of Russia’s northwest. It addresses how the ... More


Nesting Orientalisms at War: World War II and the ‘Memory War’ in Eastern Europe

Maria Mälksoo

in Orientalism and War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199327782
eISBN:
9780199388080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327782.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter puts cultural constructions informed by Orientalism in the context of the contemporary “memory war” over the meaning and legacy of World War II in Eastern Europe. Drawing on the concept ... More


Russian Speakers in Post-Soviet Latvia: Discursive Identity Strategies

Ammon Cheskin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780748697434
eISBN:
9781474418539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697434.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

The political shocks of the 2014 Ukrainian crisis have been felt in many former Soviet countries, not least Latvia, where over 35% of the population are native Russian speakers. At a time when ... More


The Mortality Consequences of the Transition to Market Economy in Latvia, 1991–1995

Juris Krumins and Uldis Usackis

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the 19th and 20th centuries, Latvia — as well as its neighbouring countries of Estonia and Lithuania forming the Baltic States — enjoyed a remarkable healthcare system resulting in a life ... More


Reform and Rescue: International Organizations and the Organization of Markets

Matilda Dahl

in Organizing and Reorganizing Markets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198815761
eISBN:
9780191853289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815761.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Describing the transition to a market economy in the 1990s and recovery from the financial crisis after 2008 in the Baltic states, particularly in Latvia, we explore the various roles that ... More


War, Revolution, and Nation-Making in Lithuania, 1914-1923

Tomas Balkelis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199668021
eISBN:
9780191801044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199668021.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book explores how war made the Lithuanian state and shaped society from the onset of the Great War in 1914 to the last waves of violence in 1923. As the very notion of an independent Lithuania ... More


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