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Young Turk Denial of the Act of Violence, 1908–1918

Fatma Müge Göçek

in Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present, and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199334209
eISBN:
9780199395774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334209.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The 1915–17 Armenian deportations and massacres generally referred to as the Armenian Genocide constitute the collective violence committed against the Armenians during this stage. This chapter ... More


Armenian Genocide: Ottoman Catastrophes

Levene Mark

in Devastation: Volume I: The European Rimlands 1912-1938

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683031
eISBN:
9780191763120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683031.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

This chapter's focus is the Ottoman CUP genocide committed against its Armenian and Syriac populations, in 1915-16. We consider how the ethnic cleansings of the Balkan Wars of 1912-13 helped feed the ... More


Balkan Wars, 1878–1914

Richard C. Hall

in Consumed by War: European Conflict in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125589
eISBN:
9780813135328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125589.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The Balkan Wars resulted in huge military casualties, and in military terms, were the precursor of World War I. Mass mobilization, large turning movements, and trench warfare all occurred during the ... More


The Penultimate War of the Ottoman Empire

Burak Akçapar

in People's Mission to the Ottoman Empire: M. A. Ansari and the Indian Medical Mission, 1912-13

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198099574
eISBN:
9780199084609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099574.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter explains the international and ideational context and the conduct of the Balkan Wars. It indicates the divergence of historical knowledge in and about the region, not only between the ... More


The Balkan Wars and Ottoman Society: The Devastating Shift from Celebration to Defeat

Eyal Ginio

in The Ottoman Culture of Defeat: The Balkan Wars and their Aftermath

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190264031
eISBN:
9780190638498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264031.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 1 provides a chronological introduction to the Balkan Wars by presenting the major battlefields, the accompanying political developments inside Ottoman society and the shaping of the Ottoman ... More


Catastrophes: Nationalism and the War Years (1908–22)

Nicholas Doumanis

in Before the Nation: Muslim-Christian Coexistence and its Destruction in Late-Ottoman Anatolia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199547043
eISBN:
9780191746215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547043.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter explains how a robust multi-ethnic society was destroyed within a relatively short time frame, which might appear to indicate that communal relations had in fact been tenuous. In fact, ... More


The Politics of the Condemned: The South Marmara during the First World War

Ryan Gingeras

in Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the origins and execution of the mass deportations of Albanians, Greeks and Armenians during the First World War. Rather than emphasize the role of Turkish nationalism in ... More


Nationality and Shifting Borders, 1912–1918

Theodora Dragostinova

in Between Two Motherlands: Nationality and Emigration among the Greeks of Bulgaria, 1900-1949

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449451
eISBN:
9780801460685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449451.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how shifting borders—due to the Balkan Wars and World War I—resulted in initiatives that homogenized the people of Bulgaria by changing the collective identifications of the ... More


The Wartime Inheritance, 1912–1922

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

Greece emerged from a decade of wars (1912–22) completely transformed. The economic problems of Old Greece remained to be solved, but the solution was complicated by the tangle of new difficulties ... More


Conclusion

Richard C. Hall

in Consumed by War: European Conflict in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125589
eISBN:
9780813135328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125589.003.0015
Subject:
History, Military History

International conflict throughout twentieth-century Europe can be divided into three parts. The first phase began with the Balkan Wars in 1912, extended through to the end of World War I, and lasted ... More


People's Mission to the Ottoman Empire: M. A. Ansari and the Indian Medical Mission, 1912-13

Burak Akçapar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198099574
eISBN:
9780199084609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099574.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

During the Balkan Wars of 1912–13, concerned Muslims around India mobilized to dispatch three medical teams to treat wounded Ottoman soldiers. Among them the one organized by Mohammad Ali Jauhar and ... More


The First Blows to European Domination

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter chronicles the initial wave of revolutionary fervor in the Muslim world. It first looks at Persia, the first revolutionary Muslim tendencies arose. Moreover, in the early twentieth ... More


Seductive Subjects

Sarah Abrevaya Stein

in Extraterritorial Dreams: European Citizenship, Sephardi Jews, and the Ottoman Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226368191
eISBN:
9780226368368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368368.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Amidst the Balkan Wars and the transition of the port city of Salonica [Thessaloniki] from Ottoman to Greek rule, thousands of Sephardi Jewish women and men sought creative legal footholds in a ... More


The Great War

Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Mónika Baár, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopeček

in A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198737148
eISBN:
9780191800610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

As East Central Europe was at the epicenter of the conflagration, in a way starting already with the Balkan Wars in 1912–13, the debate on war aims was extremely vivid in the region. Political ... More


The Indian Medical Mission in Turkey

Burak Akçapar

in People's Mission to the Ottoman Empire: M. A. Ansari and the Indian Medical Mission, 1912-13

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198099574
eISBN:
9780199084609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099574.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

The chapter reconstructs the story of the Indian Medical Mission to the Balkan Wars from the beginning until the end as reported by Dr Ansari to the Indian Muslims through his letters in 1912–13. The ... More


Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Ryan Gingeras

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The birth of the Turkish Republic was an event borne out of immense bloodshed and carnage. During the decade leading up to the end of the Ottoman Empire and the ascendancy of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, ... More


Ottoman Breakdown

Jeremy Salt

in The Unmaking of the Middle East: A History of Western Disorder in Arab Lands

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255517
eISBN:
9780520934757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255517.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the history of the fall of the Ottoman Empire. It discusses the Young Turks' Revolution, the extirpation of the Muslims, and the depopulation of the Empire due to military ... More


Coping with State-Sponsored Balkan Irredentism (1885–1914)

Denis Vovchenko

in Containing Balkan Nationalism: Imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190276676
eISBN:
9780190276690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Bulgarian annexation of Eastern Rumelia and victory over Serbia in 1886 sparked a violent cycle of regional competition over Ottoman Macedonia. At the same time, Bulgarian “ingratitude” ... More


Collapse on the Margins

Ryan Gingeras

in Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1908–1922

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199676071
eISBN:
9780191755576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676071.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the politics and collapse of Ottoman rule in Libya and the Balkans. War in both these territories framed and set the tone for the many conflicts that would bring about the ... More


Leader of the Khilafat

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi: Pan-Islamism, Imperialism and Nationalism in India

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195658279
eISBN:
9780199081394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195658279.003.0011
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter studies Mohamad Ali, a Khilafat agitation leader. It reveals the deep tensions surrounding the Hindus and the Muslims despite political connections that were formed after the Lucknow ... More


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