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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: Decoding the Literary Record

Richard Kalmin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306194
eISBN:
9780199784998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306198.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Babylonian Talmud was compiled in the 3rd through 6th centuries CE, by rabbis living under Sasanian Persian rule in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. What kind of society did ... More


The Division into Layers

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the historical development of the anonymous layer, complicating the notion that the division in style and function between the stam and the traditions reflects a difference in ... More


Performing Execution, Part 2: The Relatives and the Rabbis

Beth A. Berkowitz

in Execution and Invention: Death Penalty Discourse in Early Rabbinic and Christian Cultures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195179194
eISBN:
9780199784509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179196.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter completes the study of the cast of characters found in rabbinic execution, turning attention to the criminal’s relatives and to the role of the Rabbis themselves. In exploring the part ... More


Introduction

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book examines compositional practices, historical developments, and passages that reveal the way the creators of the Babylonian Talmud (or Bavli) conceived themselves. It complements the ... More


The Talmud as Conversation and Repository

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the literary features in the Babylonian Talmud. The Gemara's use of earlier rabbinic voices appears partly carefully orchestrated and partly merely accumulative. The lemmatic ... More


Scholars, Transmitters, and the Making of Talmud

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines three passages that associate with the “conservative,” transmission-oriented aspects of Torah study the occupation with the two bodies of knowledge that the rabbis received: the ... More


Problems in the Use of the Babylonian Talmud for the History of Late-Roman Palestine: The Example of Astrology

RICHARD KALMIN

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter evaluates the use of the Babylonian Talmud for the study of the history of late-Roman Palestine using astrology as a case example. It explains that the Babylonian Talmud contains much ... More


Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is a synthetic study of the impact of the Persian Sasanian context on the Babylonian Talmud, perhaps the most important corpus in the Jewish sacred canon. What impact did the Persian ... More


Composition as Critique

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines a thematic series of sugyot that concern the genealogical division of the Jewish people, arguing that the Babylonian Talmud trains its audience to view the production of ... More


Conclusion

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book has argued that it is precisely when the Babylonian Talmud's creators seem most conservative—when they preserve traditions rather than reject or revise them—that we find their most profound ... More


Tradition and Vision

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter considers Hekhalot literature to show that the Sar ha-Torah narrative from this corpus responds to the Talmudic academies‘ ideology of Torah study, presenting an alternative vision for ... More


Under Early Islam: The Period of the Ge’onim and the Geniza

Ruth Langer

in Cursing the Christians?: A History of the Birkat HaMinim

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199783175
eISBN:
9780199919161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199783175.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The earliest surviving texts of the birkat haminim were found in the Cairo geniza and date from c. 1000 CE. These texts allow a well-grounded discussion of the still highly flexible contents of the ... More


God and Metatron

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter focuses on Metatron, that enigmatic figure assuming the title “Lesser God.” It begins with an analysis of a midrash transmitted only in the Bavli, in which Rav Idith—a Babylonian amora ... More


The Alterity of Tradition

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the famous opening sugya of tractate Bava Qamma to show how the Babylonian Talmud's creators could use an ambitious literary design to highlight the gap between their own words ... More


Migrating Tales

Richard Kalmin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520277250
eISBN:
9780520958999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277250.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book situates the Babylonian Talmud, or Bavli, in its cultural context by reading several rich rabbinic stories against the background of Greek, Syriac, Arabic, Persian, and Mesopotamian ... More


The Open Past: Subjectivity and Remembering in the Talmud

Sergey Dolgopolski

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823244928
eISBN:
9780823252497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244928.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The book shows how the characters in the Talmud live their lives as performances of remembering the past traditions better. As the book argues much life of the characters means constant verification ... More


Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Moulie Vidas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book offers a new perspective on perhaps the most important religious text of the Jewish tradition. It is widely recognized that the creators of the Talmud innovatively interpreted and changed ... More


The Debate about Recitation

Moulie Vidas

in Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154862
eISBN:
9781400850471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154862.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines discourses about recitation in Zoroastrian and Christian literature. It first considers a Zoroastrian distinction similar to the one the Babylonian Talmud makes between the ... More


What Is Talmud?: The Art of Disagreement

Sergey Dolgopolski

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229345
eISBN:
9780823236725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

True disagreements are hard to achieve, and even harder to maintain, for the ghost of final agreement constantly haunts them. The Babylonian Talmud, however, escapes from that ghost of agreement, and ... More


Rabbis and Non-Jews in the Babylonian Talmud

Jenny R. Labendz

in Socratic Torah: Non-Jews in Rabbinic Intellectual Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934560
eISBN:
9780199345793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934560.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

While the Babylonian Talmud preserves two examples of Socratic Torah between a Palestinian rabbi and a non-Jew, it does not include many dialogues about Torah between Babylonian rabbis and non-Jews. ... More


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