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Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Simon Holdaway

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book analyses the new phenomenon of Black Police Associations (BPAs) established in the majority of constabularies in England and Wales. The author takes a sociological and theoretical approach ... More


Black Police Associations: Context and Perspective

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

‘Institutional racism’ had reference points for relationships between the police and ethnic-minority communities and between ethnic-minority and ethnic-majority members of the police workforce, ... More


Police Associations: From Ethnic Group to Ethnic Association

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter continues to chart the history of the first Black Police Association (BPA), especially how its first executive articulated the experience of ethnic-minority officers and police support ... More


Black Police Associations: Why Join? What Do They Do?

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Having analysed the development of the first Black Police Association (BPA) in the UK, which laid down the foundation for embryonic associations in other constabularies, the new, post-1994 ... More


Constructing Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations: An Analysis of Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199573448
eISBN:
9780191702105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573448.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reviews the analysis of Black Police Associations (BPAs), firstly considering more theoretically how they have realized change. ‘Institutional racism’—to continue the point—captured the ... More


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