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Tree of Pearls: The Extraordinary Architectural Patronage of the 13th-Century Egyptian Slave-Queen Shajar al-Durr

D. Fairchild Ruggles

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190873202
eISBN:
9780190873233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873202.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The woman known as “Tree of Pearls” ruled Egypt in the summer of 1250. A rare case of a woman sultan, her reign marked the shift from the Ayyubid to the Mamluk dynasty, and her architectural ... More


The Ayyubids: Their Two Queens and their Powerful Castrated Atabegs

Taef El-Azhari

in Queens, Eunuchs and Concubines in Islamic History, 661-1257

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474423182
eISBN:
9781474476751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423182.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter analyse the coming to power of the first Sunni Queen in Islam. Dayfa Khatun, niece of Saladin in 1236. How she ruled Northern Syria, forming and leading a political-military pact. She ... More


Historical Background

Charles Le Quesne

in Quseir: An Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of Egypt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160097
eISBN:
9781936190027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

During the Ayyubid and earlier Mamluk periods, Quseir al-Qadim, by some distance the closest port to Qus, was re-occupied after a break of a thousand years. Its key characteristics provide an ... More


State, Society, and the Copts Under the Fatimids, Ayyubids, and Bahri Mamluks, 969–1382 Ce

Kurt J. Werthmuller

in Coptic Identity and Ayyubid Politics in Egypt: 1218–1250

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163456
eISBN:
9781617970238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163456.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The historical narrative of Coptic Egypt under the Fatimids, Ayyubids, and Bahri Mamluks forms the base of this chapter. The chapter discusses the definitive decline in size and fortune of Mamluk ... More


Who Was “Tree of Pearls”?

D. Fairchild Ruggles

in Tree of Pearls: The Extraordinary Architectural Patronage of the 13th-Century Egyptian Slave-Queen Shajar al-Durr

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190873202
eISBN:
9780190873233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873202.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Shajar a-Durr was a rare individual who rose from slavery to become sultan of Egypt. Her achievements stand at the interconnection of politics, slavery, gender, and architecture. Contemporary ... More


Sultans and Slaves: Salih’s Rise to Power

D. Fairchild Ruggles

in Tree of Pearls: The Extraordinary Architectural Patronage of the 13th-Century Egyptian Slave-Queen Shajar al-Durr

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190873202
eISBN:
9780190873233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873202.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Like all Ayyubid princes, Sultan Salih rose to power by fighting his family members, aided by his large army of Turkic slaves, called mamluks. After a period of captivity in which his Turkic ... More


Crisis in Cairo: From Sultan to Sultan-Queen

D. Fairchild Ruggles

in Tree of Pearls: The Extraordinary Architectural Patronage of the 13th-Century Egyptian Slave-Queen Shajar al-Durr

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190873202
eISBN:
9780190873233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873202.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

When Sultan Salih died while overseeing the battle against the Franks of the Seventh Crusade, Egypt suddenly became vulnerable to attack by the Franks and the Ayyubid princes ruling neighboring ... More


Palestine in Late Medieval Islamic Spirituality and Culture

Robert Irwin

in Byzantines, Latins, and Turks in the Eastern Mediterranean World after 1150

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199641888
eISBN:
9780191808357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199641888.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides an account of Palestine in medieval Muslim spirituality and culture. It shows that Jerusalem was a place the legitimizing potential of which had been actively promoted by its ... More


Summary

Daniella Talmon-Heller

in Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474460965
eISBN:
9781474480772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter re-examines the circumstances of the 'discovery' of the head of al-Husayn in eleventh-century Ascalon, the earlier sanctification of the place, and its lingering reputation as holy after ... More


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