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Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of essays, written between 1957 and 1977, contains discussions of the moral philosophy of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzsche, and some modern philosophers. It presents ... More


Ayer’s Place in the History of Philosophy

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines A. J. Ayer's place in the history of philosophy. Ayer thought of himself as the main representative in his own time of the British empirical tradition, running from Hume through ... More


On The Very Idea of Concept Grounding: Thinking Too Big

Caroline Jenkins

in Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on objections to the claim that arithmetical concepts are empirically grounded. It argues that the most common form of objection to projects of this type is based upon a failure ... More


Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Anthony Quinton

Anthony Kenny (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a collection of the writings by the late Lord Quinton, one of the wittiest and most versatile philosophers of his generation. The first part ranges over the last four hundred years of ... More


Antirealist Expressivism and Quasi-Realism

Simon Blackburn

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Expressivism is the view that the function of normative sentences is not to represent a kind of fact, but to avow attitudes, prescribe behavior, or the like. The idea can be found in David Hume. In ... More


Isaiah Berlin 1909–1997

Alan Ryan

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 130, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IV

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263501
eISBN:
9780191734212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263501.003.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

Isaiah Berlin (1909–1997), a Fellow of the British Academy, was an extraordinary obituarist and memorialist. In the 1930s, Berlin was part of a small group of young and iconoclastic philosophers that ... More


Oxford, 1922–1938

Leslie Mitchell

in Maurice Bowra: A Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199295845
eISBN:
9780191700729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295845.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When Cecil Maurice Bowra talked of training the mind, this was no platitude. He meant every word. He believed that his generation had unparalleled opportunity. The constraints of Victorianism had ... More


Logic, “Liberty”, and the Metaphysics of Responsibility

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents a critical discussion of the classical interpretation of Hume's compatibilist strategy. It argues, in particular, that the classical interpretation fails to provide a ... More


Common Sense and Physics

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The distinction between `how things are in themselves’ and `how they appear to us’ bifurcates into two different distinctions: that between what is true of the world and what only appears to be, but ... More


Realism and Anti‐Realism

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Disputes about realism should be construed as disputes not about a class of entities, but about the truth‐value of the statements in a given class. For what reality consists in is not determined just ... More


On Strawson's Rehabilitation of Metaphysic s

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The logical positivists’ critical attitude towards metaphysics is sketched. Strawson’s conception of descriptive and revisionary metaphysics is described. Revisionary metaphysics is argued to be ... More


Prescriptive Language

R. M. Hare

in The Language of Morals

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810773
eISBN:
9780191597619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198810776.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Following an introductory classification of prescriptive language that emphasizes the parallel between imperatives and moral language, this chapter distinguishes between the indicative and imperative ... More


Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake ?

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot examines the moral theory known as ‘non‐cognitivism’ (a form of subjectivism). Her central thesis is that all non‐cognitivist moral theories are based on the same serious mistake. This mistake ... More


Free Will as Involving Determinism *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There is a widely accepted view that free will is compatible with determinism, and some have even argued that free will implies determinism. The arguments of R. E. Hobart, David Hume, and A. J. Ayer, ... More


The Rise, Fall, and Resurrection of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 2 offers a structured synopsis of the history of natural theology from Xenophanes to Richard Swinburne. It is argued, for example, that the Five Ways of Thomas Aquinas are outdated, and that ... More


Perception and its Objects

P. F. Strawson

in Philosophical Writings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587292
eISBN:
9780191728747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Ayer has always given the problem of perception a central place in his thinking. The movement of Ayer's own thought has been from phenomenalism to what he describes in his latest treatment of the ... More


The Significance of Questioning

John Finnis

in Religion and Public Reasons: Collected Essays Volume V

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580095
eISBN:
9780191729416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580095.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents an unpublished university sermon which challenges Hume's account of intelligence, A. J. Ayer's account of explanation and other forms of sceptical dogmatism, and attends to the ... More


A Splendid Little War

THOMAS KIFFMEYER

in Reformers to Radicals: The Appalachian Volunteers and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125091
eISBN:
9780813135175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125091.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Roslea Johnson was a child of what historian Chad Berry referred to as the “northern exiles”, or Appalachians, who had to relocate to Northern industrial enters to look for employment opportunities ... More


The New Model Army

THOMAS KIFFMEYER

in Reformers to Radicals: The Appalachian Volunteers and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125091
eISBN:
9780813135175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125091.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Loyal Jones, CSM's assistant director, encountered a crucial challenge. The headquarters of the movement was moved to Bristol as it was closer to the heart of the mountains. The Council was ... More


Editorial Methods and Description of the Dumont De Montigny Manuscript Memoir

Gordon M. Sayre

in The Memoir of Lieutenant Dumont, 1715–1747: A Sojourner in the French Atlantic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807837221
eISBN:
9781469608662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807837221.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This part of the book shows how the memoir came to the attention of the Newberry Library in Chicago. It came from a collection of the Illinois businessman, Edward E. Ayer who had been a collector of ... More


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