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Analysis of Khomeini's Proofs for al-Wilaya al-Mutalqa (Comprehensive Authority) of the Jurist

Hamid Mavani

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Ayatollah Khomeini's objective was to eliminate any restrictions to the ulama's power, so that their authority would be equal to that of the Prophet and the Hidden Imam. This chapter examines the ... More


 Religious Antiglobalism

Mark Juergensmeyer

in Religion in Global Civil Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195188356
eISBN:
9780199785247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188356.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay explores the rise, characteristics, and agendas of religious antiglobalism movements. Using al-Qaeda and Ayatollah Khomeini as key examples, it describes how anti-secular, anti-Western ... More


Thinking the Unthinkable: The Revolutionary Movement in Iran

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

in Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution After the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699483
eISBN:
9781452955254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699483.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter draws a detailed picture of how the revolutionary movements in Iran began and the contingencies within which it unfolded. It highlights its religious character and shows how that ... More


Political Construction of Clericalism

Naser Ghobadzadeh

in Religious Secularity: Shiite Repudiation of the Islamic State

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199391172
eISBN:
9780199391196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391172.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

Direct political leadership by the clergy is another distinguishing character of Iran’s political system. Chapter 4 examines the clerical establishment as a unique structure wherein ... More


Misrepresenting the Revolution, Misreading Foucault

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

in Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution After the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780816699483
eISBN:
9781452955254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816699483.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows why Foucault’s critics misunderstood his writings on the Iranian revolution. This misunderstanding, the chapter argues, is based both on a misreading of Foucault’s critique of the ... More


The Coup That Never Was: January 1979

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the 1979 Iranian revolution that overthrew the Pahlavi monarchy and Muhammad Reza and enabled Ayatollah Khomeini to assume power. It is widely believed that the Iranian ... More


The Iranian Revolution

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

in Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter presents an overview of the CIA's analysis of events in Iran that led to the Islamic revolution in 1978–79. It first documents the scale and scope of the intelligence failure concerning ... More


Checks and Balances: The Realist Version: February 1979 and After

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the ruling complex that emerged from the Iranian revolution since February 1979, arguing that Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamists were able to establish a remarkably stable ... More


Freedom of Speech

Anne Norton

in On the Muslim Question

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157047
eISBN:
9781400846351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157047.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines how the Muslim question has been linked to the question of freedom of speech. A clash of civilizations that saw the West as the realm of enlightenment, and Muslims in the realm ... More


The Internationalisms of the Iranian Revolution

Matthew K. Shannon

in Losing Hearts and Minds: American-Iranian Relations and International Education during the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713132
eISBN:
9781501709708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713132.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The conclusion studies the groups of U.S.-trained revolutionaries that returned to Iran to contribute to the overthrow of the shah and the establishment of the Islamic Republic.


From World War I to the Present

D. T. Potts

in Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199330799
eISBN:
9780199366842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330799.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Fierce rivalry between the Bakhtiyari and the Qashqa’i made southern Iran highly unstable and the nomadic factor in this area was important during World War I. Tribes were virtually autonomous in ... More


An Islamic Revolution in Iran; Initial Misreading by the Saudis

Dilip Hiro

in Cold War in the Islamic World: Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Struggle for Supremacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190944650
eISBN:
9780190055905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190944650.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

By 1978, with all avenues of secular opposition blocked by the Shah’s dictatorial regime, more and more Iranians had turned to the mosque to voice their growing discontent. The revered Shia cleric, ... More


Iran, 1979

Zoltan Barany

in How Armies Respond to Revolutions and Why

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157368
eISBN:
9781400880997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157368.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explains why Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi’s Imperial Armed Forces (IAF) were unwilling or unable to prop up the crumbling edifice of his regime. It draws on the main contours of the ... More


Islamization: The Tarboosh and the Beard

Patrick D. Gaffney

in The Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084711
eISBN:
9780520914582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084711.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

The organization which became known as Jamā'at al-Takfir wa al-Hijira (Society of Repudiation and Holy Flight) was a relatively small extremist group that carried out one of the most daring assaults ... More


The Danger of Music and the Case for Control

Richard Taruskin

in The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249776
eISBN:
9780520942790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249776.003.0026
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses how music was treated in different countries for example by the Taliban and in Afghanistan. In Afghanistan music was totally banned, whereas in other countries music was under ... More


Popular Nonsense

Alireza Doostdar

in The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691163772
eISBN:
9781400889785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines a range of competing discourses and sensibilities that circulate around the figure of the rammal. As a social type, the rammal is elusive and contradictory. Most people condemn ... More


Empirical Spirits

Alireza Doostdar

in The Iranian Metaphysicals: Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691163772
eISBN:
9781400889785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163772.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines some of the earliest attempts at synthesizing theological speculation with the methods of the empirical sciences, drawing special attention to the epistemic and moral ... More


Insulting the Prophet

Faisal Devji

in Terrorist in Search of Humanity: Militant Islam and Global Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190076801
eISBN:
9780197520741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076801.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Militancy is not the only form that the globalization of Islam takes. It was preceded by decentralized and uncoordinated waves of protest over insults said to be made against Muhammad. These ... More


Salman Rushdie, The Satanic Verses

Annabel Patterson

in The International Novel

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300198003
eISBN:
9780300210408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198003.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a reading of Salman Rushdie's 1988 novel The Satanic Verses, which tackles the basis of the great world religions, especially Islam. The novel raised the stakes of ... More


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