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Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195189674
eISBN:
9780199784134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195189671.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Recently Iran has once again been in the headlines. Reputed to be developing nuclear weapons, the future of Iraq's next-door neighbor is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region ... More


Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Azar Gat

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

In this study, the author examines how the theories of mechanized war developed throughout the industrial world in the first decades of the twentieth century. He explains why the most famous pioneers ... More


War and Welfare: British POW Families, 1939–45

Barbara Hately-Broad

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078545
eISBN:
9781781702352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078545.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

During the Second World War, some 250,000 British servicemen were taken captive either by the Axis powers or the Japanese, as a result of which their wives and families became completely dependent on ... More


Becoming Bad Neighbours

ANDREW CRAWLEY

in Somoza and Roosevelt: Good Neighbour Diplomacy in Nicaragua, 1933-1945

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199212651
eISBN:
9780191707315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212651.003.0009
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses the sense of affinity that the United States felt with rulers whose authority derived from popular consent and helped bring Somoza's government to an end. This was not simply ... More


Spying on Ireland: British Intelligence and Irish Neutrality during the Second World War

Eunan O'Halpin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199253296
eISBN:
9780191719202
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253296.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Irish neutrality during the Second World War presented Britain with significant challenges to its security. Exploring how British agencies identified and addressed these problems, this book reveals ... More


In the Doldrums

Arthur J. Marder

in Old Friends New Enemies: Volume 2: The Pacific War 1942-1945

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201502
eISBN:
9780191674907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201502.003.0008
Subject:
History, Military History

The first section of this chapter describes the pressures on Somerville to take the offensive, the American need for carriers, Allied strategic priorities, the implications for Somerville and ... More


El Alamein and the Struggle for North Africa: International Perspectives from the Twenty-first Century

Jill Edwards (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9789774165818
eISBN:
9781617971297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165818.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This new collection of studies presents fresh insights into a war fought over unusually difficult terrain and with exceptional supply demands. From the ongoing Italian geomorphic study of the Alamein ... More


The Communists and the Serb Rebellion, c. April–September 1941

Marko Attila Hoare

in Genocide and Resistance in Hitler’s Bosnia: The Partisans and the Chetniks, 1941–1943

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263808
eISBN:
9780191734458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263808.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Partisan movement in Bosnia-Hercegovina was the product both of long-term socio-economic developments at home and of the short-term ‘accident’ of foreign invasion and occupation; it involved the ... More


‘Neither Defeat nor Surrender’: Italy’s Change of Alliances in 1943

John Gooch

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In 1943, with the war demonstrably turning against Italy, her political and military leaders faced three unpalatable alternatives: a bloody and destructive military defeat, the spectre of bolshevism, ... More


India and World War II: War, Armed Forces, and Society, 1939–45

Kaushik Roy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199463534
eISBN:
9780199087181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The Second World War was a defining ‘event’ in modern world history. India’s manpower and financial resources enabled the British Empire in particular and the Allies in general to win against the ... More


Containment, Rollback, and the Onset of the Pacific War, 1933–1941

Sidney Pash

in The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives on Diplomacy, War, and the Home Front

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231201
eISBN:
9780823240791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231201.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces the evolution and eventual failure of the Roosevelt administration's strategy for containing Japanese expansion. Begun in 1933 and accelerated soon after ... More


Girding for War

PETER JACKSON

in France and the Nazi Menace: Intelligence and Policy Making 1933-1939

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208341
eISBN:
9780191677984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208341.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how France was girding for war by early 1939 to defeat an Axis coalition. This war gave priority to securing the frontier of France with Germany while at the same time waging ... More


From Civil War to European War: German–Spanish Economic Relations, 1939–1940

Christian Leitz

in Economic Relations between Nazi Germany and Franco’s Spain 1936–1945

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206453
eISBN:
9780191677137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206453.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses Franco's complete victory over the Republic of Spain, and how both the British and the French governments announced their recognition of Franco's regime as the legitimate ... More


The Scene is Set

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

On February 15, 1954 the US Northwestern Victory sailed into the ancient Spanish port of Cartegena. It carried the first consignment of United States aid to the Spain of General Francisco Franco, a ... More


The End of the War

Jill Edwards

in Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228714
eISBN:
9780191678813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Winston Churchill's references to Spain in May 1944 intensified fears in the Soviet Union of the formation of a Western bloc, a long held axiom of Russian foreign policy. So far as the United States ... More


Introduction

John Kent

in The Internationalization of Colonialism: Britain, France, and Black Africa 1939-1956

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203025
eISBN:
9780191675669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203025.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

It is important to understand the reasons for the Colonial Development and Welfare Act of 1940’s new approach by colonial policy-makers, the imperial crisis, the Depression, and the rise of the Axis ... More


The Desert War, 1940–1942

David French

in Raising Churchill’s Army: The British Army and the War against Germany 1919-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246304
eISBN:
9780191697562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246304.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the desert war experience of the British Army during the period from 1940 to 1942. The British were defeated three times by the Germans and the Axis forces in operations ... More


Monty’s Army: Alam Halfa to the Rhine

David French

in Raising Churchill’s Army: The British Army and the War against Germany 1919-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246304
eISBN:
9780191697562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246304.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter examines the victory of British General Bernard Montgomery against the Axis forces in the Battle of Alam el Halfa and the Crossing of the Rhine. Montgomery won because he insisted on ... More


Conquest and Collaboration

Ruth Ben-Ghiat

in Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223639
eISBN:
9780520938052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223639.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the colonial enterprise and racial measures of the regime of Italian leader Benito Mussolini were received by the intellectual class, and looks at the cultural effects of ... More


The Political Battleground of Exile Modernism: The Council for a Democratic Germany

Ehrhard Bahr

in Weimar on the Pacific: German Exile Culture in Los Angeles and the Crisis of Modernism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251281
eISBN:
9780520933804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251281.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In July 1943, newspapers in the United States reported that the National Committee for a Free Germany had been founded by German exiles and German prisoners of war in the Soviet Union. The Soviet ... More


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