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Legitimacy: The Caliphate and the State

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Europe, separate states acquired legitimacy; in Islam the universal caliphate and 'umma retained the fullest respect. Muslim philosophers, not unlike Augustine and Hobbes, derived the need for the ... More


Divisions of Epistemic Labour: Some Remarks on the History of Fideism and Esotericism

Robert Pasnau

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Who can know? Who can merely believe on faith? Who should be kept in the dark entirely? This chapter considers various episodes from the history of philosophy—Locke, Aquinas, Averroes, Maimonides, ... More


The Ethics of Ignorance: Petrarch’s Epicurus and Averroës and the Structures of the De Sui Ipsius et Multorum Ignorantia

Zygmunt G. Baranński

in Petrarch in Britain: Interpreters, Imitators, and Translators over 700 years

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264133
eISBN:
9780191734649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264133.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines the structure of Petrarch's De Sui Ipsius et Multorum Ignorantia and his opinion on philosophers Epicurus and Averroës' views on the immortality of the soul. It discusses ... More


Introduction

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Earlier Western researchers have often assumed that the history of Arabic-Islamic philosophy ended with Averroes at the turn to the 13th century and that al-Ghazali’s critique of philosophy in his ... More


Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Ruth Glasner

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

For the first time Averroes' physics is studied on the basis of all available texts and versions of his three commentaries on Aristotle's Physics, including texts that are extant only in Hebrew ... More


Introduction: Science through Exegesis

Ruth Glasner

in Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Introduction discusses who Averroes was, what he did, and his reputation for being Aristotle's most faithful interpreter. Averroes' three commentaries on Aristotle's treatises are introduced. The ... More


Micro-Ontology

Emanuele Coccia

in Sensible Life

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267415
eISBN:
9780823272358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267415.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter discusses the micro-ontology of the image. It explains why the science of the sensible is a form of regional ontology, capable of positing another kind of being, the being of the images ... More


Angles of Influence: Jihad and Just War in Early Modern Spain

G. Scott Davis

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter surveys the impact of Muslim culture on conceptions of just war and the righteous warrior in the literature and laws of medieval Christian Spain. The first part contrasts the image of ... More


Matter and Extension

Robert Pasnau

in Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199567911
eISBN:
9780191725449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the relationship between matter and extension. Scholastic authors held a wide range of views in this domain, with some divorcing matter and extension entirely, and others ... More


Aristotelian Neo-Orthodoxy and Andalusian Revolts

Sarah Stroumsa

in Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691176437
eISBN:
9780691195452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176437.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the remarkable phenomenon of twelfth-century rigorous Andalusian Aristotelianism. In the early twelfth century, the philosophical map of al-Andalus was dramatically redrawn. ... More


Canto 36

Mark Byron

in Readings in the Cantos: Volume I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781942954408
eISBN:
9781786944337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781942954408.003.0023
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Canto 36 functions as a kind of still point amidst the political and historical material imbuing Eleven New Cantos: the Continental Congress of 1774-89 and Siena under the rule of Leopold, Grand Duke ... More


Thomas Aquinas on Bodily Identity

Antonia Fitzpatrick

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198790853
eISBN:
9780191833304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790853.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This is a study of the union of matter and the soul in human beings in the thought of the Dominican Thomas Aquinas. At first glance, this issue might appear arcane, but it was at the centre of ... More


Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 4

Robert Pasnau (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198786368
eISBN:
9780191831331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786368.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This series annually collects the best current work in the field of medieval philosophy. Each book features original chapters that contribute to an understanding of a wide range of themes and ... More


Psychophysical and Neurobiological Color Diagrams and Solids

Rolf G. Kuehni and Andreas Schwarz

in Color Ordered: A Survey of Color Order Systems from Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189681
eISBN:
9780199847747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189681.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The Greek atomist philosophers claimed that material images (eidola) distinguish themselves from objects and infiltrate the eyes to cause vision. Aristotle rejected the material nature of eidola and ... More


The Translation Movements of Islamic Learning

John Willinsky

in The Intellectual Properties of Learning: A Prehistory from Saint Jerome to John Locke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226487922
eISBN:
9780226488080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488080.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The initial Arabic translation movement took place with the expansion of the Islamic empire during the eighth and ninth centuries (in the Western calendar) during the ʿAbbasid caliphate, which ... More


A Wahhabi Corpus in Motion

Michael Farquhar

in Circuits of Faith: Migration, Education, and the Wahhabi Mission

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798358
eISBN:
9781503600270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798358.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter considers the content of teaching at the Islamic University of Medina, from the time of its founding and over the decades that followed. While IUM syllabuses were from the start strongly ... More


Introduction

Eliyahu Stern

in The Genius

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300179309
eISBN:
9780300183221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179309.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter seeks to examine the life of Elijah ben Solomon, and his contribution to modern Jewish history. Widely known as the “Genius,” he lived most of his life in the Lithuanian city of Vilna. ... More


Teleology in the Later Middle Ages: Robert Pasnau

Jeffrey K. McDonough

in Teleology: A History

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190845711
eISBN:
9780190845742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845711.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Teleological explanation is one of the legacies of antiquity that received a surprisingly muted response in the Middle Ages. Aristotle’s naturalized approach to teleology met with little enthusiasm, ... More


Borges on Replication and Concept Formation

Yemima Ben-Menahem

in Stepping in the Same River Twice: Replication in Biological Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209549
eISBN:
9780300228038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209549.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines three stories by Jorge Luis Borges: “Funes: His Memory,” “Averroës's Search,” and “Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote.” Each of these highlights the intricate nature of ... More


Happiness and the Vision of God

Rik Van Nieuwenhove

in Thomas Aquinas and Contemplation

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780192895295
eISBN:
9780191916090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895295.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

After an outline of the views on happiness of Aristotle and some of Aquinas’s immediate predecessors his theology of human fulfilment is outlined. Aquinas rejects both Albert’s view that ... More


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