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Research Programs, “Autistic Disturbances,” and Human Difference

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of autism from its first characterization as a rare emotional disturbance in 1943 to its present status as a potential epidemic. It examines ... More


Brains, Pedigrees, and Promises: Lessons from the Politics of Autism Genetics

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter tells the story of two parent groups, the Cure Autism Now Foundation (CAN) and the National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR), and their efforts to promote genetic research on autism. ... More


Autism and the Imaginative Mind

ILONA MIELKE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Autism is diagnosed through a symptom of clusters known as the diagnostic triad. One of these is the rigid adherence to routines, repetitive activities, and narrowly focused interests which represent ... More


Consciousness despite Network Underconnectivity in Autism: Another Case of Consciousness without Prefrontal Activity?

William Hirstein

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

William Hirstein argues that recent evidence points to widespread underconnectivity in autistic brains due to deviant white matter connections. Specifically, there is prefrontal-parietal ... More


Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Jennifer S. Singh

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Multiple Autisms investigates the emergence of autism as a genetic disorder and why the search for autism genes became a research priority for private and public funding agencies in the U.S. since ... More


Parent Advocacy and the Rise of Autism Genetics Research

Jennifer S. Singh

in Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Chapter 2 offers a social history of two parent advocacy groups established in the 1990’s, the National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR) and Cure Autism Now (CAN). This chapter investigates how ... More


Music Education for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Resource for Teachers

Sheila Scott

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190606336
eISBN:
9780190606374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190606336.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This publication assists teachers with the task of creating opportunities for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by examining research findings on how such students responds to educational ... More


Living with Autism: Perspectives of Adults on the Spectrum

Jennifer S. Singh

in Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Chapter 5 investigates what matters in every day life from the perspective of adults on the autism spectrum. It investigates how these individuals negotiate scientific notions of autism within a ... More


Thinking Medium: The Rhetoric of Popular Cognition

Jesse Matz

in Lasting Impressions: The Legacies of Impressionism in Contemporary Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231164061
eISBN:
9780231543057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164061.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The rhetoric of impressionism in “popular cognition”—popularized versions of cognitive psychology in which the “impression” enables idealization of certain styles of human understanding; in ... More


Electrophysiological Responses to Faces in the Human Amygdala

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The human amygdala is critical for social cognition from faces. Here, we review the insights that have been gained from human single neuron recordings on how the human amygdala represents social ... More


Three Autistic Autobiographers

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this chapter, Tougaw examines multiple autobiographies by three autistic writers: Tito Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay, Naoki Higashida, and John Elder Robison. Like other brain memoirists, these authors ... More


Interlude: If You’ve Met One Autistic Reviewer …

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this interlude, Tougaw examines cultural responses to Christopher Haddon’s highly acclaimed and controversial novel, The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. Building on a mantra of ... More


Interpreting and Treating Autism in Javanese Indonesia: Listening to Folk Perspectives on Developmental Difference and Inclusion

Annie Tucker

in Diagnosing Folklore: Perspectives on Disability, Health, and Trauma

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496804259
eISBN:
9781496804297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496804259.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Mythology and Folklore

In chapter 5, “Interpreting and Treating Autism in Javanese Indonesia: Listening to Folk Perspectives on Developmental Difference and Inclusion,” Annie Tucker shifts our discussion focus from ... More


Mirror neuron system and social cognition

Christian Keysers, Marc Thioux, and Valeria Gazzola

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mirror neuron system and social cognition. We intuitively feel that others have intensions, sensations and emotions. Here we perform a review of the location and properties of mirror neurons in ... More


The mirror mechanism: Understanding others from the inside

Giacomo Rizzolatti and Maddalena Fabbri-Destro

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

There are several ways in which one can understand action, intention and emotion of others. There is however only one way in which others can be understood “from inside”. This way is based on the ... More


Autism: Self and others

Peter R. Hobson and Jessica A. Hobson

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter on Autism: Self and others, we consider how some, but only some, components of self-other relations and self-experience are affected in children who present with the syndrome of ... More


A review of theory of mind interventions for children and adolescents with autism spectrum conditions

Julie A. Hadwin and Hanna Kovshoff

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory of Mind (ToM) involves the understanding that others can have mental states, (thoughts, intentions and beliefs) that are separate from one’s own and that these are linked to feelings and ... More


Evidence for Specialized Perception of Animate Motion

M. D. Rutherford

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Adults are able to easily extract motion information from even very simple stimuli in order to perceive animate motion and infer agency. This ability develops early in infancy, is a human universal, ... More


Perceiving Intention in Animacy Displays Created from Human Motion

Phil McAleer and Scott A. Love

in Social Perception: Detection and Interpretation of Animacy, Agency, and Intention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019279
eISBN:
9780262315029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019279.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Typically, the actions of agents in classical animacy displays are synthetically created, thus forming artificial displays of biological movement. Therefore, the link between the motion in animacy ... More


The Autism Showdown

Anna Kirkland

in Vaccine Court: The Law and Politics of Injury

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781479876938
eISBN:
9781479844272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876938.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The autism cases (termed the Omnibus Autism Proceedings) present the court’s biggest recent challenge, and the story of how the court found that autism is not a vaccine injury is the topic of this ... More


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