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Research Programs, “Autistic Disturbances,” and Human Difference

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of autism from its first characterization as a rare emotional disturbance in 1943 to its present status as a potential epidemic. It examines ... More


Brains, Pedigrees, and Promises: Lessons from the Politics of Autism Genetics

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter tells the story of two parent groups, the Cure Autism Now Foundation (CAN) and the National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR), and their efforts to promote genetic research on autism. ... More


Autism and the Imaginative Mind

ILONA MIELKE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Autism is diagnosed through a symptom of clusters known as the diagnostic triad. One of these is the rigid adherence to routines, repetitive activities, and narrowly focused interests which represent ... More


Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Elizabeth Fein

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Autism is a deeply contested condition. To some, it is a devastating invader, robbing families of their children and sufferers of their personhood. To others, it is a form of neurodiversity, a ... More


Consciousness despite Network Underconnectivity in Autism: Another Case of Consciousness without Prefrontal Activity?

William Hirstein

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

William Hirstein argues that recent evidence points to widespread underconnectivity in autistic brains due to deviant white matter connections. Specifically, there is prefrontal-parietal ... More


Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Jennifer S. Singh

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Multiple Autisms investigates the emergence of autism as a genetic disorder and why the search for autism genes became a research priority for private and public funding agencies in the U.S. since ... More


Parent Advocacy and the Rise of Autism Genetics Research

Jennifer S. Singh

in Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Chapter 2 offers a social history of two parent advocacy groups established in the 1990’s, the National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR) and Cure Autism Now (CAN). This chapter investigates how ... More


The Summer of Adventure

Elizabeth Fein

in Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter chronicles a summer of clinical ethnography at a camp for youth with Asperger’s syndrome and related autism spectrum conditions, run by a close-knit community of live-action role-playing ... More


Innocent Machines

Elizabeth Fein

in Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Drawing on school-based ethnography in classrooms serving students with Asperger’s syndrome and related autism spectrum conditions in a district on the East Coast of the United States, this chapter ... More


Hardwired

Elizabeth Fein

in Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Sociologist Nikolas Rose has posited the emergence of a “neurochemical self” organized around the assumption that our personal characteristics, moods and desires arise from our brain chemicals, and ... More


The Dilemma of Cure

Elizabeth Fein

in Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the ethical questions surrounding the cure and prevention of autism as they are negotiated by families affected by Asperger’s syndrome and related autism spectrum conditions. ... More


Music Education for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Resource for Teachers

Sheila Scott

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190606336
eISBN:
9780190606374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190606336.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This publication assists teachers with the task of creating opportunities for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by examining research findings on how such students responds to educational ... More


Teaching Music to Students with Autism

Alice M. Hammel and Ryan M. Hourigan

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190063177
eISBN:
9780190063214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190063177.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

Teaching Music to Students with Autism is the first resource to provide a comprehensive study of the education of students with autism within the music classroom. The approach is centered in the ... More


Living with Autism: Perspectives of Adults on the Spectrum

Jennifer S. Singh

in Multiple Autisms: Spectrums of Advocacy and Genomic Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816698301
eISBN:
9781452953694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698301.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Chapter 5 investigates what matters in every day life from the perspective of adults on the autism spectrum. It investigates how these individuals negotiate scientific notions of autism within a ... More


Thinking Medium: The Rhetoric of Popular Cognition

Jesse Matz

in Lasting Impressions: The Legacies of Impressionism in Contemporary Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231164061
eISBN:
9780231543057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164061.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The rhetoric of impressionism in “popular cognition”—popularized versions of cognitive psychology in which the “impression” enables idealization of certain styles of human understanding; in ... More


Electrophysiological Responses to Faces in the Human Amygdala

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The human amygdala is critical for social cognition from faces. Here, we review the insights that have been gained from human single neuron recordings on how the human amygdala represents social ... More


Three Autistic Autobiographers

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this chapter, Tougaw examines multiple autobiographies by three autistic writers: Tito Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay, Naoki Higashida, and John Elder Robison. Like other brain memoirists, these authors ... More


Interlude: If You’ve Met One Autistic Reviewer …

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this interlude, Tougaw examines cultural responses to Christopher Haddon’s highly acclaimed and controversial novel, The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. Building on a mantra of ... More


Searching for a Place

Elizabeth Fein

in Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter explores the challenges faced by youth diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome and their families as they struggle to find a place for themselves in their school system. Through school-based ... More


The Pathogen and the Package

Elizabeth Fein

in Living on the Spectrum: Autism and Youth in Community

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781479864355
eISBN:
9781479873005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479864355.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter charts a “neurodevelopmental turn” in psychiatric diagnosis away from an understanding of mental illnesses as discrete disease categories and toward the assessment and remediation of ... More


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