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 After the Civil War: Auguste Comte's Theory of History Crosses the Atlantic

Andrew Witmer

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

During the second half of the nineteenth century, American intellectuals found much to argue over in the writings of Auguste Comte. A French social theorist generally credited as the founder of ... More


Between Positivism and Republicanism: Émile Littré and the Founding of the Third Republic

Sudhir Hazareesingh

in Intellectual Founders of the Republic: Five Studies in Nineteenth-Century French Political Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247943
eISBN:
9780191599446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247943.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Explores the political thought of Littré, examining his conversion to Comte's positivism and his later attempt to effect a synthesis between Comtian positivism and republicanism; the chapter ... More


Encounters with Positivism

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

To employ the language of altruism was, for much of the Victorian period, to associate oneself directly with Auguste Comte and his philosophy of ‘positivism’. Even in 1897, almost half a century ... More


The Survivor and the Savant: Two Schemes for Civil Religion Compared

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter compares and contrasts the schemes for a civil religion advanced by Auguste Comte and James Mill, which contrasts the former's illiberal and priestly views with the latter's liberal and ... More


The Praxis of Regionalism: Context and Application

JULIAN WRIGHT

in The Regionalist Movement in France 1890-1914: Jean Charles-Brun and French Political Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264889
eISBN:
9780191718380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264889.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Regionalism in France emerged from ‘post-rationalism’, the dominant political discourse of the Belle Époque. Realistic rather than dogmatic or abstract ways of examining political problems were ... More


The Long Peace of the Nineteenth Century and the Birth of Sociology

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

in War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines how the progressive optimism nourished by liberal doctrines gradually began to take hold and how sociology as a discipline took a particularly wide variety of institutional ... More


Comte's Calendar: From Infinite Universe to Closed World

in The Romantic Machine: Utopian Science and Technology after Napoleon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226812205
eISBN:
9780226812229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226812229.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with paper technologies, focusing on Auguste Comte's philosophy. Comte's calendars, introduced as mnemonic devices and liturgical guidelines for the Religion of Humanity which grew ... More


The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Thomas Dixon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

‘Altruism’ was coined by the French sociologist Auguste Comte in the early 1850s as a theoretical term in his ‘cerebral theory’ and as the central ideal of his atheistic ‘Religion of Humanity’. This ... More


The Faith in Humanity and International Criminal Law

Immi Tallgren

in International Law and Religion: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805878
eISBN:
9780191843778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805878.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

International criminal law is at times taken to manifest fundamental consensual boundaries against violence and destruction of the human species. The faith in law is celebrated in a cult with ... More


Problems with the Critical Method

Vishwa Adluri and Joydeep Bagchee

in The Nay Science: A History of German Indology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199931347
eISBN:
9780199345724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931347.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines some of the strategies used by Indologists to make the case for their discipline as Wissenschaft and how those strategies relate to understandings of science, both historical ... More


Sociology: Comte and His Successors

Bruce Caldwell (ed.)

in Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason: Text and Documents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226321097
eISBN:
9780226321127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226321127.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter recalls a few facts of Comte's life to understand his views and the extent and limits of his influence. The most important feature of his career is perhaps that he trained as a ... More


The Relation of Ethics to Sociology

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Here Sidgwick presents his position on how ethical theory differs from the then new enterprise of sociology. After discussing the contributions made to the latter discipline by Comte and Spencer (and ... More


Introduction

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Prior to 1852, nobody used the word ‘altruism’ to refer to moral sentiments, actions, or ideologies. In that year the philosopher and critic G. H. Lewes approvingly introduced the term to a British ... More


Comte and Hegel

Bruce Caldwell (ed.)

in Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason: Text and Documents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226321097
eISBN:
9780226321127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226321127.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter is about two thinkers who are commonly regarded as complete intellectual antipodes: the German “idealist” Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and the French “positivist” Auguste Comte. In some ... More


Dogmas of Unity and Questions of Expertise

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Systematizers such as Auguste Comte, Robert Chambers, and Herbert Spencer established synthetic visions predicated on different ideological commitments to social and scientific unity. While promoting ... More


Influences of Comte, Darwin, and Mill

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter details Newcomb's exposure to the ideas of Auguste Comte, Charles Darwin, and John Stuart Mill. In the years bracketing 1860, many professors, ministers, and other illuminati in the ... More


George Eliot's Romola: Positivist or Joachimist?

Gould Warwick and Reeves Marjorie

in Joachim of Fiore

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242306
eISBN:
9780191697081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242306.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

While declaring her approval of the Positivist science, George Eliot shows herself to be already pondering on the lessons of history and the relation of the historical stages of progress to the ... More


Social Physics: Saint-Simon and Comte

Bruce Caldwell (ed.)

in Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason: Text and Documents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226321097
eISBN:
9780226321127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226321127.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter reviews the personal influence of Saint-Simon on Comte. It discusses the much confusion caused about the actual relationship by some historians constantly attributing to Saint-Simon ... More


Reason and Religion in Modern History

Joshua Bennett

in God and Progress: Religion and History in British Intellectual Culture, 1845–1914

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198837725
eISBN:
9780191874314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837725.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on Victorian debates over the intellectual origins of modernity. These hinged on competing interpretations of the place of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in the history ... More


Auguste Comte and Italy

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Auguste Comte, Italy, and the positivist religion


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