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Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

P. Kyle Stanford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The incredible achievements of modern scientific theories lead most of us to embrace scientific realism: the view that our best theories offer us at least roughly accurate descriptions of otherwise ... More


Weismannism Comes to America: The Factors of Evolution

Trevor Pearce

in Pragmatism's Evolution: Organism and Environment in American Philosophy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226719887
eISBN:
9780226720081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720081.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines how both first- and second-cohort pragmatists participated in the debates over the causal factors of evolution that accompanied the reception of August Weismann’s work in the ... More


The Body Politic

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how cell theory revolutionized the concept of the individual. A plant or an animal was no longer conceived of as a singular entity constructed out of cellular tissue. What was ... More


Of Mice and Men: Malthus, Weismann, and the Future of Socialism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the ways British socialists interpreted evolution. As Fabianism and Marxism became more prominent, the Lamarkian and anti-Malthusian politics of men like William Morris and ... More


Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Piers J. Hale

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historians know that Darwin was influenced by the political economist Thomas Malthus and that natural selection was therefore compatible with Whig industrial politics, but Political Descent shows ... More


Plant Movement, Heredity, and Variation, 1881–1887

David A. West

in Darwin's Man in Brazil: The Evolving Science of Fritz Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062600
eISBN:
9780813051581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062600.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Müller received Darwin’s Power of Movement in Plants in 1881. In response, he sent Darwin new evidence for universal nutational movement in plants and some functions it served. In 1883 Müller’s ... More


Fear of Falling: Evolutionary Degeneration and the Politics of Panmixia

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Political Descent closes with a consideration of the young socialist statistician, Karl Pearson. Pearson debated the extent to which Weismann's views had implications for socialist politics. In the ... More


Conclusion

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0072
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book has examined the texts, the translation process, and especially the intellectual context in which Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was written and interpreted. The result is a very ... More


Biology and the emergence of the Anglo-American eugenics movement

Edward J. Larson

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the late 1800s, Charles Darwin and other naturalists supported a blending view of inheritance whereby offspring possess a middling mix of their parents' traits. Many of these naturalists also ... More


Why Did the Modern Synthesis Give Short Shrift to “Soft Inheritance”?

Adam Wilkins

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents three important reasons why evolutionary biologists dismissed Lamarckism or soft inheritance from the Modern Synthesis. The first is the legacy of adhering to August Weismann's ... More


The Countenance of Nature Transformed, 1861–1869

David A. West

in Darwin's Man in Brazil: The Evolving Science of Fritz Müller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813062600
eISBN:
9780813051581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062600.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

In reaction to Darwin’s On theOrigin of Species, which he read in October 1861, Müller reorganized his ongoing research on crustacea. One result was his Für Darwin, published in 1864, utilizing ... More


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