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Accessing Accountability: Individual Versus Collective Voices 1

Jonathan Fox

in Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This study compares innovations that encourage voice for accountability within two large-scale anti-poverty programs, Mexico's flagship welfare program, Oportunidades (formerly known as Progresa), ... More


Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Measuring Attention at the Cognitive Level: Batteries and Tasks

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 6 reviews the test batteries and a multitude of specific tasks that measure attention at the cognitive level. The relative insensitivity of standardized tasks to tap subtle variations in ... More


Personalized Integrative Markers for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Michael R. Kohn, Simon D. Clarke, and Leanne M. Williams

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common disorder of childhood-adolescent brain health. Here, we take an integrative neuroscience approach to personalized medicine. The goal ... More


Just Show Up

Ann Burack-Weiss

in The Lioness in Winter: Writing an Old Woman's Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231151849
eISBN:
9780231525336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151849.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Burack-Weiss meditates on what is truly important during aging: the gift of “presence” in late life, paying attention, to love what is.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

In the U.S. the prevalence rate for the diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is nearly 8%, and worldwide rates are 5%. This chapter reviews the ... More


Treatment of Adolescents With Disruptive Behavior Disorders

JACQUELINE CORCORAN and DAVID W. SPRINGER

in Building Strengths and Skills: A Collaborative Approach to Working with Clients

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195154306
eISBN:
9780199864287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154306.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter highlights how the strengths- and skills-building model can be used with adolescent disruptive behavior disorders, which include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Conduct ... More


Attention

Kate Breckenridge, Janette Atkinson, and Oliver Braddick

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0040
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter analyses the developing processes of attention in early childhood, in the context of a model in which ‘attention’ comprises a number of distinct, but related, processes. First it briefly ... More


Introduction

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The aim is to provide a theory of consciousness, and of the relation of consciousness through perception with the World. Consciousness is not a mystery, being an internal state analysable into ... More


The Attention

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In perception, objects come to the attention. Accordingly, one might come to believe that ‘The Attention’ names the capacity to harbour events of the specific idiosyncratic type, noticing. In fact it ... More


The Attention and Perception (1)

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The two functions of the Attention—providing psychic space for experiences, and bringing phenomenal existents to consciousness—are diverse functions of a unitary phenomenon. And so perception simply ... More


Seeing the Light

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In visual perception, the Attention reaches its final object‐goal through the mediation of more proximate visibilia. How to discover their existence? The answer is by philosophical argument. The ... More


Sense‐Data (1) or the Ways of the Attention

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A theory of sense‐data is defended, which takes its cue from light. It is that the (monocular) visual perception of outer physical objects is noticing visual sensations set in two‐dimensional ... More


Conclusion

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Why is consciousness so closely linked to perception? It is because consciousness is directed to the World, and perception our ultimate mode of access to the World. Thus, the most fundamental of the ... More


Cognitive and Behavioral Complications of Congenital Hypothyroidism

Ruth D. Nass

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) affects approximately 1 in 3,500 newborns. There is a female preponderance. In areas of iodine insufficiency, the incidence ... More


Consciousness and Predictive Processing

Wanja Wiese

in Experienced Wholeness: Integrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262036993
eISBN:
9780262343275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Predictive processing (PP) is not a theory of consciousness. Hence, it is not obvious that PP should have any relevance to research on consciousness. A first promising possibility opens up if we ... More


Music Education for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Resource for Teachers

Sheila Scott

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190606336
eISBN:
9780190606374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190606336.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This publication assists teachers with the task of creating opportunities for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by examining research findings on how such students responds to educational ... More


Control

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter opens with a discussion of Gilles Deleuze’s theorization of control societies and its relation to concepts of post-Fordism, neoclassical economics, immaterial labor, and attention ... More


Visual Attention and the Attention-Action Interface

John M. Henderson

in Perception

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195084627
eISBN:
9780199847167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084627.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter focuses on the often neglected aspect of the perceptual experience—the impact and effect of the visual process on our attention-action interface. The chapter utilizes studies on eye ... More


Down Syndrome

Stephen R. Hooper and Julie Hammer

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0023
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of significant intellectual disability in humans. It was one of the first chromosomal disorders of ... More


Klinefelter Syndrome

Christine M. Temple

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0025
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) was first identified by Dr. Harry Klinefelter in 1942 (Klinefelter, Reifenstein, and Albright 1942) in a report of nine tall men ... More


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