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Emergence of Informal Groups of States

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the question of what triggered the emergence of informal groups of states in the form of the advisory committees in the 1950s, and argues that their establishment has to be seen ... More


The President in the Gray Flannel Suit: Conformity, Technological Utopianism, Nonproliferation, 1953–1956

Shane J. Maddock

in Nuclear Apartheid: The Quest for American Atomic Supremacy from World War II to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833551
eISBN:
9781469604220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895849_maddock.8
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter traces Eisenhower's nonproliferation policy and the evolution of nuclear apartheid. It observes that the president had grown frustrated with his advisers' resistance to a nuclear test ... More


A state-managed profession

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Segregation in national laboratories, like a boarding school for a privileged child, protected and shaped early nuclear specialists. Their coming of age, though, was marked inevitably by public ... More


United States policy on non-proliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

Ian Bellany

in Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The history of the attitude of the United States towards the spread of nuclear weapons has been one of continuous opposition, tempered now and then by the judgement of the government of the day as to ... More


The New Look and “Atoms for Peace”

in Apocalypse Management: Eisenhower and the Discourse of National Insecurity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758079
eISBN:
9780804768467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758079.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter concentrates on one great speech, “Atoms for Peace.” The so-called New Look in the U.S. approach to the world was determined by new economic, political, geopolitical, and military ... More


Fissile Materials, Nuclear Power, and Nuclear Proliferation

Harold A. Feiveson

in Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027748
eISBN:
9780262319188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027748.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The 1953 U.S. Atoms for Peace initiative launched the dissemination of nuclear technologies to non-weapon states. It also led to the establishment in 1957 of the International Atomic Energy Agency ... More


The Diplomatic Base of India's Nuclear Strategy

Ashok Kapur

in Pokhran and Beyond: India's Nuclear Weapons Capability

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195667547
eISBN:
9780199081790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195667547.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses the aspect of the diplomatic base of India's nuclear behaviour. It notes that Indian diplomacy holds high the importance of peace diplomacy, socio-economic development, and ... More


 The World Solar Energy Project

Daniel A. Barber

in A House in the Sun: Modern Architecture and Solar Energy in the Cold War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199394012
eISBN:
9780190274467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394012.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

By the mid-1950s, oil was clearly essential to US economic growth. Improvements to solar technology led to its inclusion in technical assistance regimes looking to encourage economic development in ... More


Who Builds Bombs?: How Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation Facilitates the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Matthew Fuhrmann

in Atomic Assistance: How "Atoms for Peace" Programs Cause Nuclear Insecurity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450907
eISBN:
9780801465758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450907.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines whether and how peaceful nuclear cooperation increases the likelihood that states will successfully build the bomb. Using qualitative historical analysis, it considers ten cases ... More


On the Fallacies of Cold War Nostalgia: Capitalism, Colonialism, and South African Nuclear Geographies

Gabrielle Hecht

in Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262515788
eISBN:
9780262295710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262515788.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter deals with the superpower arms race and how it affected the technopolitics of the United States and the Soviet Union. Countries began to aim at becoming nuclear powers and gaining the ... More


The Politics of Peace

Petra Goedde

in The Politics of Peace: A Global Cold War History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780195370836
eISBN:
9780190936136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195370836.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The last chapter examines the migration of a politics of peace from the margins to the centers of political power. As leading antinuclear and peace advocates became increasingly marginalized by the ... More


Mutation Politics

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter further elaborates on subjects introduced in the preceding chapter, considering in greater detail political aspects of mutation research at Brookhaven National Laboratory. In 1953, ... More


Promoting the Peaceful Atom

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter outlines how President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed a more benign use for nuclear explosives, calling it Atoms for Peace. His proposal caught the attention of scientists at ... More


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