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The atomic nursery

Sean F. Johnston

in The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692118
eISBN:
9780191740732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692118.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

If the war gestated atomic energy specialists, then the decade after it saw their birth and early development in special environments. They did not thrive unaided: the new experts were nurtured with ... More


Sales

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter stresses the uneasy relationship between the U.S. government and industry in developing the civilian uses of atomic energy. The partially public, partially private nature of nuclear ... More


“Alert, Not Alarm” The First Ten Years, 1945–1955

Dee Garrison

in Bracing for Armageddon: Why Civil Defense Never Worked

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183191
eISBN:
9780199788804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183191.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses President Harry Truman's reluctant creation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) in 1950 and the predominant role it assigned to women; the importance of the ... More


Dividends

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following World War II, the publication of accounts such as John Hersey’s Hiroshima (1946) documented the devastating effects of atomic weaponry on inhabitants of the two Japanese cities targeted by ... More


Atomic Tracings:: Radioisotopes in Biology and Medicine

Angela N. H. Creager

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The U.S. government developed atomic energy for peacetime after World War II in the form of radioactive isotopes, produced in a former Manhattan Project reactor and distributed to civilian ... More


Embargo

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The fourth chapter explores the ways in which radioisotopes were used as political instruments—both by the federal government in world affairs, and by critics of the civilian control of atomic ... More


The Debate over Nuclear Power and Radiation

J. Samuel Walker

in Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223288
eISBN:
9780520924840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The fallout controversy with respect to nuclear power and radiation of the 1950s and early 1960s largely disappeared as a prominent public policy issue after the Limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963. But ... More


Just Drop Us a Card

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at some of the Atomic Energy Commission's (AEC) Plowshare experiments. The first one, Project Chariot, was motivated by US Information Agency Director Arthur Larson’s suggestion to ... More


Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Angela N. H. Creager

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After World War II, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) began mass-producing radioisotopes in its Oak Ridge reactor, sending out nearly 64,000 shipments of radioactive materials to scientists and ... More


Ten Million Reasons to Disappear

in The Pontecorvo Affair: A Cold War Defection and Nuclear Physics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226816647
eISBN:
9780226816661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226816661.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Bruno Pontecorvo's decision to leave the West, which stemmed from his growing concerns about proceedings against the Atomic Energy Commission in relation to the slow neutron ... More


Tracers

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the book’s story, themes, and argument. The role of radioisotopes as tracers was especially important to their widespread utilization in biochemistry, physiology, molecular ... More


Advising on the Super

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter looks into the business of campaigning for or against nuclear development. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and its committees were at the epicenter of this debate. Here, the array of ... More


A Decision Reached

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter recounts the arrival at the decision. Before the commissioners, split three to two against the Super, resumed their discussions in November 1949, Truman had been made aware of the ... More


The Role of Federal Agencies in Radiation Protection

J. Samuel Walker

in Permissible Dose: A History of Radiation Protection in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223288
eISBN:
9780520924840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223288.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The radiation controversies of the 1950s and 1960s had focused on the Atomic Energy Commission's (AEC) programs, and the AEC had played the most visible role among the various federal agencies ... More


“Black Film” and the Bomb: Spies and “Cowboys,” Red Professors and Thieves

Robert Miklitsch

in The Red and the Black: American Film Noir in the 1950s

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040689
eISBN:
9780252099120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040689.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In the prototypical ‘50s nuclear noir, the protagonist is an elite scientist—a nuclear physicist, to be precise—who’s either overtly opposed to or intimately aligned with the nation state and its ... More


Special Assistant for Disarmament, 1955–1958

Lawrence S. Kaplan

in Harold Stassen: Eisenhower, the Cold War, and the Pursuit of Nuclear Disarmament

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813174860
eISBN:
9780813174877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174860.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

It was apparent from the beginning that the Foreign Operations Administration would have a short life. Arms control and disarmament played a larger role in Eisenhower’s thinking than did the ... More


Heliotropes: Solar Ecologies and Pacific Radiations

Elizabeth DeLoughrey

in Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195394429
eISBN:
9780190252809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195394429.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter explores the complex relationship between Cold War ecology and radiation, with particular emphasis on the solar metaphor—the heliotrope—and its byproduct, radiation, as traces of ... More


A Program on Hold

Scott Kaufman

in Project Plowshare: The Peaceful Use of Nuclear Explosives in Cold War America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451256
eISBN:
9780801465833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451256.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the bioenvironmental studies sponsored by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in order to determine whether Project Chariot could safely take place. Botanist Albert Johnson ... More


Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Ken Young and Warner R. Chilling

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book unveils the story of the events leading up to President Harry S. Truman's 1950 decision to develop a “super,” or hydrogen, bomb. That fateful decision and its immediate consequences are ... More


Ecosystems

Angela N. H. Creager

in Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ecology was profoundly shaped by the AEC through the agency’s investigations of the environmental consequences of radioactive contaminants and ecologists’ use of radioisotopes in analyzing the flow ... More


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