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The Akhenaten Colossi of Karnak

Lise Manniche

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163494
eISBN:
9781936190065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163494.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Some of the most fascinating sculptures to have survived from ancient Egypt are the colossal statues of Akhenaten, erected at the beginning of his reign in his new temple to the Aten at Karnak. ... More


Introduction and Background

Anna K. Hodgkinson

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803591
eISBN:
9780191917189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803591.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Egyptian Archaeology

This book aims to establish knowledge of the infrastructure and organization of the excavated cities in Late Bronze Age (LBA), or New Kingdom Egypt (c.1550–1069 BC), ... More


Amarna: Urban Manufacture of Luxury Items

Anna K. Hodgkinson

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803591
eISBN:
9780191917189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803591.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Egyptian Archaeology

Little is necessary in terms of an introduction, since Amarna is one of the best-known settlements of ancient Egypt. The city was founded by pharaoh Amenhotep IV, ... More


The Road to Tell El-Amarna

Aidan Dodson

in Amarna Sunrise: Egypt from Golden Age to Age of Heresy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774166334
eISBN:
9781617976537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166334.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter describes and discusses the first part of the reign of Amenhotep IV, down to his change of name to Akhenaten. This highlights the evolution of the way in which the king was depicted, and ... More


The Horizon of the Aten

Aidan Dodson

in Amarna Sunrise: Egypt from Golden Age to Age of Heresy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774166334
eISBN:
9781617976537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166334.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter describes and discusses the middle part of the reign of Akhenaten, from the move to Amarna to the international celebration (‘durbar’) held in Year 12. In doing so, it considers the ... More


The Influence of Atenism in Egypt and the Bible?

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

This chapter concludes the book by examining whether there were any direct or indirect influences of Atenism on the Hebrews, who according to the biblical tradition were likely in Egypt during ... More


The Hymns to Aten: A Monotheistic Manifesto

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

The Great Hymn and short hymns to Aten are thought to represent the teaching and theology of Akhenaten’s religion. A careful analysis of key and frequently repeated terminology in the hymns allows ... More


Luxury Goods Manufacture at Amarna, Gurob, and Malqata Compared

Anna K. Hodgkinson

in Technology and Urbanism in Late Bronze Age Egypt

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803591
eISBN:
9780191917189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803591.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Egyptian Archaeology

It should be borne in mind that the data from all archaeological excavations and surveys over the world, not only with the evidence from Amarna, Gurob, and Malqata, ... More


The Workshop as a Microcosm: Workshops and Factories in Urban Settlements

Anna K. Hodgkinson

in Technology and Urbanism in Late Bronze Age Egypt

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803591
eISBN:
9780191917189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803591.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Egyptian Archaeology

The previous chapters used object data to detect distribution patterns in the artefactual evidence of a series of industries in order to identify areas of high ... More


Dawn of the Golden Age

Aidan Dodson

in Amarna Sunrise: Egypt from Golden Age to Age of Heresy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774166334
eISBN:
9781617976537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166334.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter provides an account and discussion of the reigns of Amenhotep II and Thutmose IV. It discusses the campaigns of Amenhotep II into Syria-Palestine, his officials, the problems surrounding ... More


Gold is as Dust …

Aidan Dodson

in Amarna Sunrise: Egypt from Golden Age to Age of Heresy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9789774166334
eISBN:
9781617976537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166334.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter deals with the reign of Amenhotep III, covering his family relationships, government, monuments and foreign relations. This includes discussions of the ramifications of the family of his ... More


Amarna: City of the Heretic

Miroslav Verner

in Temple of the World: Sanctuaries, Cults, and Mysteries of Ancient Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9789774165634
eISBN:
9781617975431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165634.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In Middle Egypt, the ancient site of Amarna was the capital city of the heretic pharaoh Akhenaten, the devotee of a single sun-god, and his chief consort, Nefertiti. Occupied for just sixteen or so ... More


The Kings of the Sun

Aidan Dodson

in Monarchs of the Nile: New Revised Edition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774167164
eISBN:
9781617977336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167164.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter looks at the several generations of Eighteenth-Dynasty kings whose histories were tied to “the Aten”—the sun god. The Aten has long been a designation of the physical body of the sun, ... More


Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

James K. Hoffmeier

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

Akhenaten is one of the most intriguing rulers of ancient Egypt, and one of the most fascinating individuals from the ancient world. His odd appearance in representations that he commissioned and his ... More


The Dawn of the Amarna Period

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

This chapter introduces the earlier years of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten), seeking to understand his early religious preferences. Why did he develop an aversion for Amun-Re, and how could this once ... More


The Domain of Aten: The Temples of Aten at Karnak

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

This chapter deals with the temples that Amenhotep IV built to the Aten at Karnak. He used a unique block (called talatat) for the construction. After the Amarna period, the Aten temples were ... More


Finding Aten and Founding Akhet-Aten

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

This critical chapter examines the development of Atenism, seeking an explanation for what prompted this revolution. Taking a clue from the name of the temple, Gem-Pa-Aten (used of a temple at Amarna ... More


Aten Alone

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

This chapter traces how Aten emerged as Akhenaten’s sole god. Akhenaten built temples of talatat blocks throughout Egypt, including at Heliopolis and Memphis, and as far south as Nubia and apparently ... More


Is Atenism Monotheism?

James K. Hoffmeier

in Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199792085
eISBN:
9780190217693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792085.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World, World Religions

This chapter argues that Akhenaten’s religion was monotheistic, defined as the exclusive worship of one deity and the rejection of or the denial of the existence of others. This understanding is ... More


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