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An Archaeology Of Artificial Life, Underwater

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how scientists working on Artificial Life have understood their practices as situated historically. It first considers the practice of finding genealogies for Artificial Life, ... More


Measuring the Intelligence of Everything

José Hernández-Orallo and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0031
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue comprising seven widely diverse sections, José Hernández-Orallo, specialist in AI, reflects on a variety of topics surrounding Natural Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence (AI): ... More


Creating Insight: Gestalt Theory and the Early Computer

David Bates

in Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226720807
eISBN:
9780226720838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720838.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter questions the underlying assumptions of both classic Artificial Intelligence, founded in the analogy between the brain and the digital computer, and the newer tradition that construes ... More


The Quest for Intelligent Machines

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter addresses the question of whether a computer can become intelligent and how to test for that possibility. It introduces the idea of the Turing test, a test developed to determine, in an ... More


Sequelisation and Secondary Memory: Steven Spielberg's Artificial Intelligence: A. I. (2001)

Carolyn Jess-Cooke

in Film Sequels: Theory and Practice from Hollywood to Bollywood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626038
eISBN:
9780748670895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626038.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter compares the sequel's memory-making registers with what Dominick LaCapra has called ‘secondary memory’. Steven Spielberg's Artificial Intelligence: A. I. is explored to address the ... More


Steven Spielberg: A Biography, Second Edition

Joseph McBride

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604738360
eISBN:
9781604738377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604738360.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Until the first edition of this book was published in 1997, much about Steven Spielberg’s personality and the forces that shaped it had remained enigmatic, in large part because of his tendency to ... More


The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Arlindo Oliveira

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This book addresses the connections between computers, life, evolution, brains, and minds. Digital computers are recent and have changed our society. However, they represent just the latest way to ... More


emerging technologies: artificial intelligence

marcia santana fernandes

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0058
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter uses the film Artificial Intelligence (2002) to set the stage for a discussion of the ethics of emerging technologies. The film focuses on an 11-year-old artificial boy, David (Haley ... More


The Future of Human Workers: Robots, Artificial Intelligence, and Human Beings

Mahesh K. Joshi and J.R. Klein

in Global Business

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827481
eISBN:
9780191866388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827481.003.0018
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

New technologies like artificial intelligence, robotics, machine intelligence, and the Internet of Things are seeing repetitive tasks move away from humans to machines. Humans cannot become machines, ... More


On the Matter of Robot Minds

Brian P. McLaughlin and David Rose

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815259
eISBN:
9780191853012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815259.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One reason it matters whether phenomenally conscious robots will soon be forthcoming is that such robots would have moral rights. The view that they are on the horizon often rests on a certain ... More


Fools: The Neuroscience of Cyberspace

Gwyneth Jones

in Deconstructing the Starships: Science, Fiction and Reality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780853237839
eISBN:
9781786945389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237839.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This essay is the first in the book’s Science, Fiction and Reality section. It was originally a paper read at a conference held at the University of Teesside in April 1995 and was later published in ... More


We Want Robots to See and Understand the World

Antonio Torralba and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0027
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Antonio Torralba, member of MIT CSAIL, opens the dialogue by describing the research he performs in the field of computer vision and related artificial intelligence (AI). He also compares the ... More


The Black Stack

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The concluding chapter, The Black Stack, draws out the tangled implications of The Stack as a challenge to design and to geopolitical thought, one to be achieved and/or resisted. The figure of “The ... More


A.I., or The Freeze

Peter Szendy

in Apocalypse-Cinema: 2012 and Other Ends of the World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264803
eISBN:
9780823266845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264803.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter first considers the cinematic tropes of freezing and an off-screen voice present in The Day After Tomorrow (2004), Sunshine (Danny Boyle, 2004), and Quintet (Robert Altman, 1979). It ... More


Is posthuman incest possible? Science fiction and the futures of the body

Alistair Brown

in Incest in contemporary literature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526122162
eISBN:
9781526138767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122162.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In evaluating the interplay of biological and social interpretations of the incest taboo, most literary commentaries have used fiction to show how notions of incest have changed historically through ... More


Persons or Machines

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When considering the further evolution of our species, or for that matter the creation of new species of creatures or of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for existing or future people, it is often ... More


Should We Be Thinking about Robot Sex?

John Danaher

in Robot Sex: Social and Ethical Implications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036689
eISBN:
9780262341981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036689.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Introduces the issues and arguments of the book. Sets the stage for the arguments that follow by addressing preliminary questions: What are sex robots? Do any exist right now? Why should we care ... More


The Digital Ecology of Elite Sports

Andy Miah

in Sport 2.0: Transforming Sports for a Digital World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035477
eISBN:
9780262343114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035477.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter considers how digital technology has altered the world of elite athletic performance and what this means for the future of sports. It explores how digital technology has become a ... More


We Need Algorithms That Can Make Explicit What Is Implicit

Bernardo Cuenca Grau and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, Bernardo Cuenca Grau, a computer scientist at the Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, begins by explaining his research in technology based on ontologies and ... More


Trouble (Living in the Machine)

Gwyneth Jones

in Deconstructing the Starships: Science, Fiction and Reality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780853237839
eISBN:
9781786945389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237839.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter was originally read at a postgraduate conference called Looking at the Future, held at the University of Sussex in May 1994. The main body of the essay focuses on the difference in the ... More


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