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“World Building”: Structuralism and Transcendental Idealism in Eddington

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how the epistemological thesis that physics can provide knowledge only of the structure of the physical world emerged in Arthur Eddington’s semi-popular, philosophical and technical ... More


ARTHUR EDDINGTON: INSIDE THE STARS

I.S. GLASS

in Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-Physicists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199550258
eISBN:
9780191718700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter begins by investigating Arthur Eddington's early life and his biography. It discusses that one of his first research programmes concerned the ‘star drifts’ discovered by Jacobus Kapteyn. ... More


A Lady on Neptune: Arthur Eddington’s Talkative Universe

Katy Price

in Loving Faster than Light: Romance and Readers in Einstein's Universe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226680736
eISBN:
9780226680750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680750.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the unpublished letters and journal entries of British astrophysicist Arthur Stanley Eddington related to the relativity theory. It explains that Eddington used the public ... More


Geometrizing Physics: Eddington's Theory of the Affine Field

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is shown how Eddington’s 1921 generalization of Weyl’s theory of gravitation and electromagnetism stemmed from similar transcendental idealist epistemological concerns. While Eddington’s affine ... More


Arthur Eddington’s Rationalistic Cosmology

Helge Kragh

in Masters of the Universe: Conversations with Cosmologists of the Past

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198722892
eISBN:
9780191789564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722892.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

CCN met the famous astronomer Arthur Eddington in Cambridge, England, in 1938. Their conversation dealt in part with Eddington’s important role in the theory of the expanding universe and in part ... More


Epilogue: The “Geometrization of Physics” and Transcendental Idealism

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The transcendental idealist underpinnings of the geometrized field physics proposed by Hermann Weyl and by Arthur Eddington remained largely unrecognized. Èmile Meyerson was a notable exception. It ... More


Introduction

Thomas Ryckman

in The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (GTR) brought a revolutionary transformation in philosophical as well as physical outlook. The philosopher Mortiz Schick, student of Max Planck, played a pivotal role ... More


The Shock of the New

Dean Rickles

in Covered with Deep Mist: The Development of Quantum Gravity (1916-1956)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199602957
eISBN:
9780191844393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602957.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this chapter, we show how the newest developments in quantum mechanics of the late 1920s were very quickly compared with general relativity, with attempts made to demonstrate their mutual ... More


Talking to Mars: William Empson’s Astronomy Love Poems

Katy Price

in Loving Faster than Light: Romance and Readers in Einstein's Universe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226680736
eISBN:
9780226680750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680750.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the poems of William Empson related to astronomy and relativity theory. It explains that Empson's metaphysical love poems tested out the universe of Albert Einstein and Arthur ... More


The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Thomas Ryckman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (1915) was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory’s existence, two main tendencies dominated ... More


Einstein and the Astronomers

Hanoch Gutfreund and Jürgen Renn

in The Formative Years of Relativity: The History and Meaning of Einstein's Princeton Lectures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174631
eISBN:
9781400888689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174631.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter deals with the early exploration of observational and experimental consequences of general relativity. It explores Erwin Freundlich's failed attempts to verify gravitational light ... More


The Ether at the Crossroads of Classical and Modern Physics

Imogen Clarke

in Ether and Modernity: The recalcitrance of an epistemic object in the early twentieth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198797258
eISBN:
9780191838750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797258.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter aims to liberate the ether from its historiographical assignment to classical physics, instead considering its role in debates surrounding the future of the discipline. Focusing on the ... More


“Prehistoric” Quantum Gravity

Dean Rickles

in Covered with Deep Mist: The Development of Quantum Gravity (1916-1956)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780199602957
eISBN:
9780191844393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199602957.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In this chapter we examine the very earliest work on the problem of quantum gravity (understood very liberally). We show that, even before the concept of the quantization of the gravitational field ... More


Color and its Questions

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the reader to the philosophical debate around color and gives an overview of the central themes and conclusions of the book. It proposes that there are two distinct ways of ... More


Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations

Ernest Nagel

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores a recurrent theme in the philosophical reflection on science that has been expressed by both philosophers and scientists: the contrast between the characteristics commonly ... More


God and the Uniformity of Nature: The Case of Nineteenth-Century Physics

Matthew Stanley

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Today the laws of physics are often seen as evidence for a naturalistic worldview. However, historically, physics was usually considered compatible with belief in God. Foundations of physics such as ... More


Stephen Hawking: The Scientific Sublime Embodied

Alan G. Gross

in The Scientific Sublime: Popular Science Unravels the Mysteries of the Universe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190637774
eISBN:
9780197559727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637774.003.0010
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

Lucy Hawking has had the good fortune of being the daughter of the most famous living physicist; she has had the better fortune of having been a teenager ... More


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