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Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Stephen Ruzicka

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

The history of the Persian Empire in the west has been seen/presented largely in terms of Persian-Greek interactions. However, the fact that the Persians mounted ten campaigns against Egypt from the ... More


The Egyptian War and the King's Peace, 387–386

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

From the Persian perspective, the situation in Egypt and in the Aegean deteriorated during 388 as Acoris regained sole power and thus freedom of movement and as both Athens and Sparta were engaged in ... More


Losing Egypt, 415–400

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Persia's continuing control of Egypt depended on the continuing submissiveness of independent-minded Delta dynasts, who were very astute in identifying moments of imperial weakness or vulnerability ... More


Court Politics and the Collapse of the Third Campaign, 372–365

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Persian preparations for a renewed campaign began immediately with the hiring of the Athenian Timotheus to fill Iphicrates’ role. Datames, satrap of Cappadocia, soon replaced Pharnabazus as commander ... More


Tachos: Campaign and Collapse, 360–359

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

In 360/59, the Egyptian king Tachos led in person an enormous offensive (unaffected by the resumption of loyalty on the part of rebel satraps in Anatolia) aimed at laying claim to the whole of ... More


Persian Counterattack, 359?

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

The later report that Artaxerxes III Ochus waged three campaigns against Egypt, one of them while his father Artaxerxes II was still alive, points to 360/59 as the likely time for this. Thus it must ... More


Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Ochus (as Artaxerxes III) succeeded Artaxerxes II in still disputed circumstances. He sought to exterminate all remaining potential rivals, including many brothers and other relatives, most notably ... More


Loss and Recovery of the Middle Territory, 350–345

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Literary evidence, coins, and Persian records of prisoner transfers allow us to reconstruct the story of Phoenician and Cypriot revolt in reaction to Persian efforts to mount another Egyptian ... More


Persian Success, 344–342

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Artaxerxes finally succeeded in reconquering Egypt in 343/2. He benefited from information provided by Mentor of Rhodes, Nectanebo's mercenary commander, who defected to Artaxerxes at Sidon in 345. ... More


From Artaxerxes III to Alexander III, 342–332

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0020
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter sorts out the meager evidence for developments between Artaxerxes III's recovery of Egypt in 343/2 and Alexander's takeover of Egypt in 332. Despite apparent Persian success in the 340s, ... More


Plutarch and the Persica

Eran Almagor

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This book addresses two historical mysteries. The first is the content and character of the fourth century BCE Greek works on the Persian Achaemenid Empire treatises called the Persica. The second is ... More


Revolt and Sedition

Jan P. Stronk

in Semiramis' Legacy: The History of Persia According to Diodorus of Sicily

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474414258
eISBN:
9781474430975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414258.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The reign of six Achaemenid kings is related. Succeeding each other feature Artaxerxes I, Xerxes II, Sogdianus, Darius II, Artaxerxes II, and Artaxerxes III. Amongst others attention is paid to the ... More


Coinage and the Egyptian Economy

Henry P. Colburn

in Archaeology of Empire in Achaemenid Egypt

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474452366
eISBN:
9781474476454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452366.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

A major consequence of the integration of Egypt into the Achameneid Empire was its newfound need for silver in order to make tribute payments. This was achieved by selling grain and other products to ... More


Introduction

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In order to evaluate the historical descriptions of the political and social reality of the period in Plutarch's works, this chapter addresses two historiographic questions. (1) What do we know about ... More


Ctesias (a)

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The most important writer of the group of authors who are said to have composed Persica works is Ctesias of Cnidus (fl. 400-390 BCE). Of all the authors treated in this book, Ctesias the physician is ... More


Ctesias (b)

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter deals with passages in Plutarch's works which can be attributed to Ctesias with a high degree of probability. It proposes to check Plutarch's adaptation of Ctesias' work in three parts. ... More


Deinon (a)

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The chapter's subject is Deinon, one of the most obscure authors from antiquity. It treats Plutarch's employment of Deinon in which the ascription is explicit or plausible. Plutarch uses Deinon ... More


Heracleides

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

A great unknown is Heracleides of Cyme, the third Persica author who appears in Plutarch's corpus. The chapter begins with a literary interpretation of the references to Heracleides in Plutarch's ... More


Conclusions

Eran Almagor

in Plutarch and the Persica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748645558
eISBN:
9781474453523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter describes the main features of the content and structure of the Persica works as gathered in this study, and outlines Plutarch's method of employing these sources. Some of the features ... More


The politics of Persian autocracy, 424–334 BC

Stephen Ruzicka

in Ancient Tyranny

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748621255
eISBN:
9780748651047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621255.003.0052
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Is there a story of Persian politics in the fourth century BC that can be reconstructed? If so, how does it illuminate other events? Another way to put this is to ask: does Persian autocracy have a ... More


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