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 Just Playing?

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers an approach to applying game theory to David Hume's ideas on moral philosophy. It begins by explaining how the Humean approach allows a different interpretation of experimental ... More


Where There's a Will There's a Way: Causation and Freedom

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the same basic Kantian presuppositional links with respect to causation. It begins by unpacking the basics of Kant's metaphysics of causation, with special reference to the ... More


Mass Espionage: Western Spying in Germany 1945–61

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses that traditional espionage using human spies peaked in Germany in the years 1945-1961. It explains two goals in conducting espionage in East Germany: to provide warning of any ... More


A Simple Exposition of Learning by Doing in Endogenous Growth Theory

Dipankar Dasgupta

in Dimensions of Economic Theory and Policy: Essays for Anjan Mukherji

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073970
eISBN:
9780199081615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073970.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents a unified framework for understanding the implication of ‘learning by doing’ in endogenous growth models. It considers three different ways in which the concept of ‘learning by ... More


Collective Choice and Voting

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter begins with a brief voting discussion and then presents a problem and explanation from Schelling's course. It looks at sincere and strategic voting, the idea of a secret ballot, selling ... More


Time and the Social Discount Rate

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Many policies impact on inter-temporal consumption choices, with taxes on capital income being the most obvious example. This chapter examines the welfare effects of linear and non-linear personal ... More


Epistemic Failures of Majority Rule: Real and Imagined

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses a series of objections to the claimed epistemic properties of majority rule and, more generally, aggregation of judgments. It first considers a general objection to the ... More


Innovation Markets: Saving Lives and Money in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter begins by defining innovation markets, which are markets for research and development (R&D). It then sets forth the critiques that have been leveled against the markets. It proposes a ... More


About Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter is concerned with the generalities of choice and the optimum. Its eight sections are: forming a choice; demand as choice; choice functions; the optimum; optimal choice functions; revealed ... More


Processes of Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter deals with choice functions and preferences, and with the search and elimination processes involved in making a choice. Its five sections are: search and elimination; binary choice; ... More


Democratic Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter discusses group choice. It is seen that, with group choice determined as a function of individual choices, democratically required neutralities inevitably lead to the ordinary voting ... More


Budget Allocation and Priority

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter comments on conventional consumer theory looked at from the point of view of a simple consumer who does not understand enough of partial differential equations to implement the usual ... More


Ramsey's Savings Rule

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This final chapter of Part I of the book (on choice and the optimum) is a study of the optimal savings theory (the Savings Rule) of Frank Ramsey (1928)—what it represents and the arguments involved. ... More


Paul Samuelson and International Trade Theory Over Eight Decades

Avinash Dixit

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter provides an appraisal of Samuelson's work on trade theory. It explains the scientific importance of starting with the Ricardian 2x2 model and the current literature on comparative ... More


Samuelson's “Dr. Jekyll and Mrs. Jekyll” Problem: A Difficulty in the Concept of the Consumer

Robert A. Pollak

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes a rich number of cases in which Samuelson distinguishes between the individual and the family as the consuming agent. The idea that the family demand function can be consistent ... More


The End of a Precarious Coexistence: The Prosecution of Homosexuals

Anita Kurimay

in Queer Budapest, 1873-1961

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226705651
eISBN:
9780226705828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226705828.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

This chapter explicitly traces the end to the precarious coexistence of the Hungarian state and tolerance of homosexuality to Hungary’s entry into World War II and the establishment of the Communist ... More


Semiologies: Susan Howe

Michael Golston

in Poetic Machinations: Allegory, Surrealism, and Postmodern Poetic Form

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231164306
eISBN:
9780231538633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164306.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 4 is a reading of Susan Howe’s Pierce-Arrow through the lens of Peirce’s semiotics. It argues that the three sections of her book-length poem are keyed to Peirce’s three types of sign—the ... More


Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Amy Finkelstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

Moral hazard—the tendency to change behavior when the cost of that behavior will be borne by others—is a particularly tricky question when considering health care. Kenneth J. Arrow's seminal 1963 ... More


Some Unorthodox Growth Theories

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Unorthodox growth theories do not assume that technical progress is independant of investment. Theories put forward by various writers including Schumpeter, Hirschman, Kaldor, Kaldor and Mirrlees, ... More


Introduction

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The passage to an industrial mode of production which began in the eighteenth century involved exploiting the presence of a zone of increasing returns to scale which exists in most industrial ... More


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