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Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Michael Bland Simmons

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Arnobius of Sicca, in North Africa, was a Christian convert writing in the time of the Emperor Diocletian in the 3rd century ad. His most famous work, Against the Pagans, was written shortly after ... More


The Soteriological Argument Christ the ‘Via Universalis Animae Liberandae’

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter analyzes the various salient features of the Porphyrian–Chaldaean soteriological propaganda which formed the centrepiece of the great literary campaign against the Christians before and ... More


The Argument Concerning Animal Sacrifice

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

No one has yet analysed Adversus nationes 7 to see if there is any connection between Arnobius' argument concerning animal sacrifice and Porphyry's philosophical doctrines on the same subject found ... More


Epilogue

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter summarizes the discussions in the preceding chapters. Arnobius was a professor of Latin rhetoric who taught in the North African city of Sicca Veneria during the reign of Diocletian. ... More


Arnobius and the Age of Diocletian

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents an introduction to Arnobius, his work, and the main issues of the age in which he lived. The first section examines to what extent, based upon Jerome's testimony and the ... More


The Date of the Adversus Nationes

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Beginning with Conrad Orelli's Arnobii afri disputationum adversus gentes libri vii in 1816 and continuing to the present, modern scholars have not reached a consensus concerning the date in which ... More


A Biographical Evaluation: Jerome 1

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Jerome is the only ancient author who provides any biographical information about Arnobius, and two important passages related to this form the basis of this chapter.


God and the World

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Arnobius' understanding of God takes into account the relationship between the deity and the world, including humanity, man's natural environment, and the great cosmos beyond him. Two main ... More


God and Christ

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter explores Arnobius' understanding of the relationship between God and Christ, the second main category of Arnobius' concept of deity. Because he is writing as a new convert not ... More


God and the Gods

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter explores Arnobius' understanding of the relationship between God and the gods. One of the most controversial debates related to Arnobiana concerns the exact meaning of the relationship ... More


The Supreme God and Saturn

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Adversus nationes was written during a period of great religious conflict and competition. Two very powerful forces were simultaneously confronting the Christian Church in North Africa: the Roman ... More


Divinity of Christ and the Mortality of the Gods Arnobius’ Response to Porphyry’s Hecatean Oracle and Commentary

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers the question of whether Porphyry might be the principal opponent in Adversus nationes I. The Hecatean Oracle and Porphyry's commentary upon it served a useful purpose in the ... More


The Mortality of the Gods: A Predominantly Literary Retortion of Porphyry’s Rejection of Christ’s Divinity

Michael Bland Simmons

in Arnobius of Sicca: Religious Conflict and Competition in the Age of Diocletian

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198149132
eISBN:
9780191672415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198149132.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter demonstrates the specific manner in which the response to Porphyry's rejection of Christ's deity is developed in the Adversus nationes. There is one grand thème littéraire in the work ... More


North African Apologetics

D. H. Williams

in Defending and Defining the Faith: An Introduction to Early Christian Apologetic Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190620509
eISBN:
9780190620530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620509.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers the work of Arnobius, who presents the most mysteries of all the figures discussed in this book, both in terms of himself and in terms of what he was precisely attempting to ... More


Julian the Apologist: Christians and Pagans on the Mother of the Gods

Shaun Tougher

in Rhetoric and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198813194
eISBN:
9780191851216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813194.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines how the myth and cult of the Mother of the Gods (with the associated figures of Attis and the supposedly self-castrating Galli) were utilized in the rhetorical construction of ... More


Under the Emperors

T. P. Wiseman

in The Roman Audience: Classical Literature as Social History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198718352
eISBN:
9780191787645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718352.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Manilius, the Aetna poet, Persius, Statius, and Juvenal all attest literature presented orally, for the People, from the stage. Tacitus’ Dialogus is evidence, not for the phantom genre of ‘recitation ... More


Learning from the Capitol’s Deliverance

Jason Moralee

in Rome's Holy Mountain: The Capitoline Hill in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190492274
eISBN:
9780190492298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190492274.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 5 asks what Christians were supposed to learn from the stories about the Capitoline Hill’s special status in Roman memory as the inviolable citadel of Jupiter’s people. Christian ... More


Conclusions

Michael Bland Simmons

in Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity: Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190202392
eISBN:
9780190202415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202392.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Christianity blended particularism and universalism more effectively and seems to have begun to win over the masses at the critical moment of crisis in their collective history when a search for ... More


The Contra Christianos in the Context of Universalism

Michael Bland Simmons

in Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity: Porphyry of Tyre and the Pagan-Christian Debate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190202392
eISBN:
9780190202415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202392.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Beginning with Arnobius, the first Christian writer to respond to Porphyry, and continuing to a number of Byzantine authors, this chapter gives a catalog of all the writers whose works contain ... More


Latin Apologists and Roman Culture

Mark Edwards

in Religions of the Constantinian Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199687725
eISBN:
9780191815034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687725.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 2 presents the Latin apologists of this period as complementary figures to Eusebius, challenging Rome from her own traditions rather than foreign sources and taking positions which are more ... More


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