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Occasionalism and General Will in Malebranche

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the details of Malebranche’s account of divine activity in his occasionalism, and in particular his notion of divine general volitions. Contrary to a reading first ... More


Dualism and Occasionalism: Arnauld and the Development of Cartesian Metaphysics

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the nature and extent of Arnauld’s commitment to occasionalism. It is argued that the Cartesian Arnauld, while not a thoroughgoing occasionalist, nonetheless used ... More


Choosing a Theodicy: The Leibniz‐Malebranche‐Arnauld Connection

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the approaches to the problem of evil, or theodicies, of three very different seventeenth-century philosophers who were in correspondence with each other and even, ... More


Laws and Divine Volitions

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Some commentators, such as Leibniz and Steven Nadler, think that, for Malebranche, God must will each and every physical event as such. Others, such as Nicholas Jolley (and perhaps Arnauld), hold ... More


Descartes' Account of Ideas and the Puzzle of Sensory Representation

Raffaella De Rosa

in Descartes and the Puzzle of Sensory Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570379
eISBN:
9780191722455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570379.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the textual evidence and argumentations that lead up to the theoretical issues discussed in the following chapters. It argues that Descartes held a descriptivist account of ... More


Jansenism: An Early Ressourcement Movement?

Gemma Simmonds

in Ressourcement: A Movement for Renewal in Twentieth-Century Catholic Theology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199552870
eISBN:
9780191731037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552870.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The ressourcement movement within twentieth‐century French theology shares much in common with the Jansenist movement of the seventeenth century as a theological and spiritual renewal based on a ... More


The ontological view of the self: Scholastic and Cartesian conceptions

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter compares and contrasts Cartesian and Scholastic conceptions of the person in the seventeenth century and discusses the role that consciousness plays in these accounts. For all their ... More


Arnauld against Philosophic Sin

John Kilcullen

in Sincerity and Truth: Essays on Arnauld, Bayle, and Toleration

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266914
eISBN:
9780191683114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266914.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines what Arnauld wrote about philosophic sin and another Jesuit heresy which he denounced (condemned by Rome at the same time) concerning the love of God. From what Arnauld ... More


Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Tad Schmaltz

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book considers in the broader context of early modern Cartesianism Malebranche's claim that consciousness of the soul yields knowledge of a nature that is radically inferior in kind to the ... More


The Janus‐Faced Theory of Ideas of the Senses

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The leading idea of this chapter is that, for Descartes, intellectual ideas make it obvious what metaphysical category the properties they disclose to the mind fall into but not whether they are ... More


Leibniz: Innate Ideas, Reflection, and Self‐Knowledge

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The dispositional theory may be Leibniz's most prominent account of innateness, but it is not the only one, even in the New Essays; as is well known, Leibniz attempts to construct a theory of ... More


Introduction

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Cartesian–Lockean conception of the mental may have won out in the seventeenth century, but only after encountering a powerful current of opposition. Here, the most important figure is ... More


Malebranche: The Theory of Ideas

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Malebranche holds that the Cartesian doctrine of ideas not merely conflates logic and psychology, but it thereby opens the door to scepticism and to a voluntarist theory of the eternal truths, which ... More


Malebranche: Ideas and Self‐Knowledge

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Malebranche is sometimes classified as a Cartesian, but on the issue of self‐knowledge he departs radically from Descartes; Malebranche completely rejects the thesis that the mind is better known ... More


Sensation

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Section 1 considers Malebranche's development of the position, which he claimed to find in Descartes, that sensible qualities are only modifications of our soul. Section 2 then takes ... More


Pure Perception

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Section 1 considers Malebranche's attempt to couple Descartes's claim that we know the nature of body through the intellect rather than through the senses with the corollary of his ... More


Spirituality

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Malebranche accepted a substance dualism in which the soul has the property of “spirituality” or immateriality. In this chapter, Section 1 traces the evolution in his thought from his initial ... More


Freedom

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Section 1 begins with Malebranche's conception of the will in terms of bodily motion, emphasizing his claim that such a conception fails to reveal the nature of the mental habits or ... More


The Inauthenticity of Pagan Virtue II

Michael Moriarty

in Disguised Vices: Theories of Virtue in Early Modern French Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589371
eISBN:
9780191728808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589371.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, European Literature

This chapter considers the critique of pagan virtue by a number of thinkers inspired by St Augustine, many, but not all, of whom were supporters of Jansenius. Among the Jansenists, Antoine Arnauld ... More


Myth-making or Enlightenment?: Pascal, Voltaire, the Encyclopedia (1657–1777)

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

in Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242616
eISBN:
9780520941373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores a miscellany of texts and events that begin in the period 1657–1777. It investigates the reappearance of Blaise Pascal's comparison in the French Encyclopedia. Antoine Arnauld ... More


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