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Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the laws of nature, and what explains their existence? This book develops the proposal that the laws of nature are grounded in the essences of properties. It is argued that fundamental ... More


Conclusion

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter returns to one of the questions with which this book began: Why does the conception of causal necessity as logical necessity so outlive the notion of powers on which it was based? The ... More


Ontological Categories and Categorial Schemes

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A realist approach to metaphysics and ontology is defended in the face of some antirealist tendencies in contemporary philosophical thought. The general notion of an ontological category is explained ... More


Dispositions and Natural Laws

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The customary distinction between dispositional and categorical properties is critically examined, and replaced by one between dispositional and occurrent predication. The ontological ground of the ... More


Kinds, Essence, and Natural Necessity

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity is examined. An account is advanced of the logical form of statements of natural law, contrasting with that of D. M. Armstrong. ... More


Metaphysical Realism and the Unity of Truth

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A connection between metaphysical realism and the idea that truth is single and indivisible (alethic monism) is proposed. It is argued that propositions are the primary bearers of truth and truth ... More


Dispositional Essentialism at the Laws of Nature

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter commences with the claim — which originates with Shoemaker — that fundamental natural properties are potencies, i.e., they have dispositional essences. Following Swoyer, it is explained ... More


Dispositional Essentialism, Modality, and Intentionality

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes the relationship of dispositional essentialism to questions of modality and to intentionality. Armstrong criticizes dispositional essentialism on the ground that it leads to a ... More


The Regress Objection

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is often claimed (e.g., by Swinburne, Armstrong, and Lowe) that the view that all natural properties are potencies leads to a vicious regress or circularity. The possible interpretations of this ... More


The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

Jeffrey Magee

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195090222
eISBN:
9780199871469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090222.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

If Benny Goodman was the “King of Swing”, then Fletcher Henderson might be considered the power behind the throne. Not only did Henderson arrange the music that fueled Goodman's success, he also ... More


Types II: Platonism

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter defends Platonism about types: the thesis that all types exist at all times. Following Nicholas Wolterstorff, the associate-function is introduced: a one-to-one mapping of properties ... More


A New Orleans Trumpeter in a New York Band

Jeffrey Magee

in The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195090222
eISBN:
9780199871469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090222.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Popular

Louis Armstrong's brief tenure in Henderson's band forms a crucial moment in the history of jazz. Many jazz historians have argued that Armstrong's hot solos caused Henderson's band to sound passé, ... More


A Paradox of the Race?

Jeffrey Magee

in The Uncrowned King of Swing: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195090222
eISBN:
9780199871469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090222.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Popular

After Armstrong's departure from the band in late 1925, his music still represented a musical and social challenge in that his style presented an exciting but perhaps threatening foil to the Paul ... More


Earl Hines: In Appreciation

Williams Martin

in Jazz Changes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083491
eISBN:
9780199853205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083491.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

Earl Hines was one of the few contemporary pianists who molded the history of jazz music. In a cold Friday evening in 1964, Earl Hines performed the first on a multiple series of concerts held at ... More


First Recordings: Quintet of the Hot Club of France

Williams Martin

in Jazz Changes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083491
eISBN:
9780199853205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083491.003.0028
Subject:
Music, Popular

As Lonnie Johnson and Eddie Lang emerged during the 1920s, and Charlie Christian emerged in 1939, Django Reinhardt was the “jazz” guitar soloist. He learned jazz music initially from phonograph ... More


Double Concert

Williams Martin

in Jazz Changes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083491
eISBN:
9780199853205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083491.003.0046
Subject:
Music, Popular

A night divided between Sonny Rollins and John Lewis sounds promising. Rollins and his quartet were to play for the first half of the program. Lewis was to premiere his score for a new Italian film, ... More


Mobilizing the Troops

Shaun A. Casey

in The Making of a Catholic President: Kennedy vs. Nixon 1960

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195374483
eISBN:
9780199871896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374483.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on Nixon's strategy for addressing Kennedy's Catholicism. It describes former Missouri Congressman Orlando K. Armstrong's off-the-record role as organizer of anti-Catholic forces ... More


Poetry

Carol Bonomo Albright and Joanna Clapps Herman

in Wild Dreams: The Best of Italian Americana

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823229109
eISBN:
9780823241057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229109.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This 1991 poem by Brian McCormick is about “the night Neil Armstrong impressed the thin dust on the moon, I made my meld in diamonds, playing pinochle, two decks cut and sussed with my foster family, ... More


D. M. Armstrong and the Recovery of Ontology

Keith Campbell

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides an overview of the development of Armstrong’s metaphysics, with special reference to his contributions to Ontology proper, and to the place that ontology now commands in ... More


Armstrong on Truthmaking

Marian David

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Truthmakers have come to play a central role in David Armstrong's metaphysics. They are the things that stand in the relation of truthmaking to truthbearers. This chapter focuses on the relation. ... More


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