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Assimilation: The Conversion and Forced Marriage of Christian Children

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter contends that there are two reasons why the concept of assimilation was detached from the study of genocide. First, Armenian Genocide studies have suffered from the general weaknesses of ... More


Some Official Denialist Arguments of the Turkish State and Documents from the Ottoman Interior Ministry

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explains that there are certain theses in the discussions about the Armenian Genocide which linger in the people's memory. These include the now-classic arguments that Armenian Catholics ... More


The United States, World War I, and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908–1921

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 8 analyzes the culmination of the Eastern Question by analyzing American reactions to the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1917 and President Woodrow Wilson’s failed plans for an American mandate ... More


Playing Hardball (1994–2008)

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes Turkey’s narrative of the Armenian Genocide over the period from 1994 to 2008. In the mid-1990s, subtle changes emerged in the tone and substance of the state’s narrative. ... More


From Silencing to Mythmaking (1950–Early 1990s)

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes the content of, and changes and continuities in, Turkey’s narrative of the Armenian Genocide between 1950 and the early 1990s. While the genocide was silenced in the decades ... More


Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present, and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009

Fatma Muge Gocek

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199334209
eISBN:
9780199395774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334209.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

To this day, the Turkish state officially denies that what happened to the Armenians in 1915 was genocide, while the Western scholarly community is almost in full agreement that what happened to the ... More


State Terror in the Long Nineteenth Century

Alex J. Bellamy

in Massacres and Morality: Mass Atrocities in an Age of Civilian Immunity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199288427
eISBN:
9780191745430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288427.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter mass atrocities committed by states from the French Revolution to the 1930s and the response of third parties. It focuses on the ‘Great Terror’ of the French Revolution; the use of mass ... More


Writing Genocide: The Fate of the Ottoman Armenians

Ronald Grigor Suny

in A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195393743
eISBN:
9780190254315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines writing on the Armenian deportations and massacres. It draws on the diary and dispatches of the American ambassador to the Sublime Porte, Henry Morgenthau (1856–1945), which ... More


The Politics of the Condemned: The South Marmara during the First World War

Ryan Gingeras

in Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the origins and execution of the mass deportations of Albanians, Greeks and Armenians during the First World War. Rather than emphasize the role of Turkish nationalism in ... More


Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Karine Walther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as Americans increasingly came into contact with the Islamic world, U.S. diplomatic, cultural, political, and religious beliefs about Islam ... More


The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Taner Akçam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Introducing new evidence from more than 600 secret Ottoman documents, this book demonstrates in detail that the Armenian Genocide and the expulsion of Greeks from the late Ottoman Empire resulted ... More


The Form and Content of Suffering: Humanitarian Knowledge, Mass Publics, and the Report, 1885–1927

Keith David Watenpaugh

in Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520279308
eISBN:
9780520960800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279308.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses the elaboration of a new genre of knowledge production, the humanitarian report, as this genre developed in the eastern Mediterranean, and it links the form and content of the ... More


The Armenian Genocide: Forensic Intervention, Narrative, and the Historical Record

Roxana Ferllini

in Excavating Memory: Sites of Remembering and Forgetting

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813061603
eISBN:
9780813051222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061603.003.0017
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Today, Armenians across the globe honor the cultural remembrance of the Armenian genocide. This is significant given that the victims of this historical event remain largely forgotten by the ... More


Toward a Conclusion

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that the Armenian Genocide—the first large scale mass murder of the twentieth century—must be placed in a new context and understood within that context: the commencement of the ... More


The Armenian Genocide and its Aftermath

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter reviews the history and historiography of the Armenian Genocide, and outlines the trajectory of Turkey’s narrative of the “Armenian question” since its initial formulation in the wake of ... More


The First World War and the Development of the Armenian Genocide

Donald Bloxham

in A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195393743
eISBN:
9780190254315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.003.0013
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the proximate causes of the Armenian genocide. It argues that there was no a priori blueprint for genocide, but rather that it emerged from a series of more limited regional ... More


A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

Ronald Grigor Suny, Fatma Müge Göçek, and Norman M. Naimark (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195393743
eISBN:
9780190254315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

One hundred years after the deportations and mass murder of Armenians, Assyrians, and other peoples in the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the history of the Armenian Genocide remains a victim of ... More


“America’s Wards”: Near East Relief and American Humanitarian Exceptionalism, 1919–1923

Keith David Watenpaugh

in Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520279308
eISBN:
9780520960800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279308.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter employs the memoirs of New East Relief administrators Stanley E. Kerr and Mabel Evelyn Elliott from the time of the failed attempt of American Near East Relief to resettled Armenian ... More


Zeytun and the Commencement of the Armenian Genocide

Aram Arkun

in A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195393743
eISBN:
9780190254315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the sequence of events in the attempted uprising in Zeytun to determne whether the Zeytun Armenians' actions constituted a clear act of rebellion. As the consequent Zeytun ... More


Deportation

Ryan Gingeras

in Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1908–1922

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199676071
eISBN:
9780191755576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676071.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter surveys the Ottoman government’s deportation and resettlement policies in Anatolia during the First World War. While Young Turk officials would later claim that military and political ... More


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