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Assimilation: The Conversion and Forced Marriage of Christian Children

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter contends that there are two reasons why the concept of assimilation was detached from the study of genocide. First, Armenian Genocide studies have suffered from the general weaknesses of ... More


Some Official Denialist Arguments of the Turkish State and Documents from the Ottoman Interior Ministry

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explains that there are certain theses in the discussions about the Armenian Genocide which linger in the people's memory. These include the now-classic arguments that Armenian Catholics ... More


The United States, World War I, and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908–1921

Karine V. Walther

in Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 8 analyzes the culmination of the Eastern Question by analyzing American reactions to the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1917 and President Woodrow Wilson’s failed plans for an American mandate ... More


Sacred Interests: The United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921

Karine Walther

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625393
eISBN:
9781469625416
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as Americans increasingly came into contact with the Islamic world, U.S. diplomatic, cultural, political, and religious beliefs about Islam ... More


The Politics of the Condemned: The South Marmara during the First World War

Ryan Gingeras

in Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561520
eISBN:
9780191721076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the origins and execution of the mass deportations of Albanians, Greeks and Armenians during the First World War. Rather than emphasize the role of Turkish nationalism in ... More


The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Taner Akçam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Introducing new evidence from more than 600 secret Ottoman documents, this book demonstrates in detail that the Armenian Genocide and the expulsion of Greeks from the late Ottoman Empire resulted ... More


Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present, and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009

Fatma Muge Gocek

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199334209
eISBN:
9780199395774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334209.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

To this day, the Turkish state officially denies that what happened to the Armenians in 1915 was genocide, while the Western scholarly community is almost in full agreement that what happened to the ... More


From Silencing to Mythmaking (1950–Early 1990s)

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes the content of, and changes and continuities in, Turkey’s narrative of the Armenian Genocide between 1950 and the early 1990s. While the genocide was silenced in the decades ... More


Playing Hardball (1994–2008)

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter analyzes Turkey’s narrative of the Armenian Genocide over the period from 1994 to 2008. In the mid-1990s, subtle changes emerged in the tone and substance of the state’s narrative. ... More


Toward a Conclusion

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that the Armenian Genocide—the first large scale mass murder of the twentieth century—must be placed in a new context and understood within that context: the commencement of the ... More


The Armenian Genocide: Forensic Intervention, Narrative, and the Historical Record

Roxana Ferllini

in Excavating Memory: Sites of Remembering and Forgetting

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813061603
eISBN:
9780813051222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061603.003.0017
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Today, Armenians across the globe honor the cultural remembrance of the Armenian genocide. This is significant given that the victims of this historical event remain largely forgotten by the ... More


A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

Ronald Grigor Suny, Fatma Müge Göçek, and Norman M. Naimark (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195393743
eISBN:
9780190254315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195393743.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

One hundred years after the deportations and mass murder of Armenians, Assyrians, and other peoples in the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the history of the Armenian Genocide remains a victim of ... More


Deportation

Ryan Gingeras

in Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1908–1922

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199676071
eISBN:
9780191755576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676071.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter surveys the Ottoman government’s deportation and resettlement policies in Anatolia during the First World War. While Young Turk officials would later claim that military and political ... More


The Armenian Genocide and its Aftermath

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter reviews the history and historiography of the Armenian Genocide, and outlines the trajectory of Turkey’s narrative of the “Armenian question” since its initial formulation in the wake of ... More


Peter Najarian’s Illustrated Memoirs: “‘The Terror of Our History’ and a Love That May Redeem It”

Hertha D. Sweet Wong

in Picturing Identity: Contemporary American Autobiography in Image and Text

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640709
eISBN:
9781469640723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640709.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses Peter Najarian’s illustrated memoirs, autobiographical narratives in book format that incorporate drawings, paintings, and photographs: Daughters of Memory, The Great American ... More


Echoes of the Genocide—Reflections on Turkey’s Treatment of Armenian Property Rights*

Michael Bohlander and Taner Akçam

in THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE: Global Trends: Law, Policy & Justice Essays in Honour of Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199332304
eISBN:
9780190259815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199332304.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Armenian Genocide, which culminated in the first two decades of the 20th century, has long been a highly controversial topic as far as the new Turkish state is concerned. Turkey has traditionally ... More


Speech and Atrocity: An Historical Sketch

Gregory S. Gordon

in Atrocity Speech Law: Foundation, Fragmentation, Fruition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190612689
eISBN:
9780190612719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190612689.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

Chapter 1 limns the chronology of speech and government-sponsored mass violence over the centuries. After an overview of pre-twentieth century hate rhetoric, it focuses on Ottoman propaganda in ... More


Coming to Terms with Dark Pasts?

Jennifer M. Dixon

in Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter introduces the book’s core questions, summarizes the stakes of inquiry, introduces the two narratives analyzed in the book, outlines the central argument, and situates this study in ... More


The Caucasus States: The Endpoint of Europe or Europe’s New Eastern Boundary?

Katherine Graney

in Russia, the Former Soviet Republics, and Europe Since 1989: Transformation and Tragedy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190055080
eISBN:
9780190055127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055080.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics, European Union

This chapter examines the Caucasus states of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. It first discusses the Caucasus as a unique region within the Russian and Soviet empires, seen as those entities’ “own ... More


Dark Pasts: Changing the State's Story in Turkey and Japan

Jennifer M. Dixon

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501730245
eISBN:
9781501730252
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730245.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Over the past two decades, many states have been called on to recognize and apologize for historic wrongs. In response, some states have apologized for past crimes, while others continue to silence, ... More


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