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Theology: Suicide Discovered

Alexander Murray

in Suicide in the Middle Ages: Volume ii: The Curse on Self-Murder

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207313
eISBN:
9780191677625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207313.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Social History

This chapter deals with the second phase of the theological history of suicide—its discovery as a subject of discussion. It examines the work of Alexander of Hales, primarily Summa Alexandri, and ... More


The Dating of the Aristotelian Ethical Treatises

Anthony Kenny

in The Aristotelian Ethics: A study of the relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean ethics of Aristotle

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245544
eISBN:
9780191680878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245544.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses and examines the evidence for dating the ethical treatises that can be drawn from their texts. It will not attempt to present an overall theory of the development of ... More


Is Aristotle an Archimedean Naturalist?

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the evidence of the ethical treatises regarding Aristotle’s use of the appeal to human nature to provide substantive guidance or justification for the demands of ethics. The ... More


Aristotle’s Metaethics

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aristotle’s critique of attempts to ground ethics in metaphysical abstractions would be the logical place for him to have articulated the case for a naturalistic ethics, but he does not do so. ... More


Nature and the Sources of Normativity

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Examining Aristotle’s intellectual milieu, this chapter argues that the supposedly modern questions about the ‘sources of normativity’ are being asked by Aristotle’s contemporaries, even without the ... More


Aristotle in the Ethic Wars

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Beginning from a short history of ethics offered in Korsgaard’s The Sources of Normativity, this chapter notes the practice—dating back to Anscombe’s ‘Modern Moral Philosophy’—of offering narratives ... More


The Case against a Naturalist Reading

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Several features of the ethical works actively militate against an Archimedean naturalist reading, including the non-instrumental value placed on the virtues, the non-deductive nature of practical ... More


The Practical Good

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

On the model of Grice’s account of the creation of a new kind of value at the same time as the introduction of practical agents, this chapter continues the argument that Aristotle attempted to ... More


Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Sylvia Berryman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This work challenges the common belief that Aristotle’s virtue ethics is founded on an appeal to human nature, an appeal that is thought to be intended to provide both substantive ethical advice and ... More


The Dating of the Aristotelian Ethical Treatises

Anthony Kenny

in The Aristotelian Ethics: A Study of the Relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198790938
eISBN:
9780191836282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790938.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses and examines the evidence for dating the ethical treatises that can be drawn from their texts. It will not attempt to present an overall theory of the development of ... More


Introduction

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The central argument of the volume is outlined, and the importance of the opening sentence of the Nicomachean Ethics—that every action aims at some good—is highlighted. Aristotle should not be ... More


Aristotle on the Person-Situation Debate: From Natural Character to Moral Virtue

Mariska Leunissen

in Questions of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199357703
eISBN:
9780199357734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357703.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Aristotelian virtue ethics has recently come under attack in light of situationist critiques of character. This chapter offers a new and original counter to these attacks. It argues that it is only ... More


Aristotle and the Practical Turn

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Constructivism attempts to straddle the divide between two extremes: on the one hand that the practical good exists independent of human thought and choice, or on the other that ethical claims are ... More


Counselling in Medieval Confession

Alexander Murray

in Conscience and Authority in the Medieval Church

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198208839
eISBN:
9780191799952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208839.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

In confession a lot of information was passed from one person to another. Most of the information was intimate: intrinsically elusive to record, then or now. Although priests were strictly forbidden ... More


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