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Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Jonathan Jacobs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a study of the key features of the moral psychology and metaethics of three important medieval Jewish philosophers, Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. They are selected ... More


Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry

George E. Karamanolis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199264568
eISBN:
9780191603990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264562.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book breaks new ground in the study of later ancient philosophy by examining the interplay of the two main schools of thought, Platonism and Aristotelianism, from the first century BC to the ... More


New Conventions for Old

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Continues the theme of the previous chapter by examining more recent forms of conventionalist argument, particularly those that try to reconstitute and revivify an older political vocabulary. It ... More


Augustinian Synthesis to Aristotelian Amalgam

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the 13th century, natural philosophy changed status from an enterprise of marginal significance into one that formed the principal point of entry into the understanding of the world and our place ... More


Renaissance Natural Philosophies

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There were three competing movements in 16th-century natural philosophy. Platonism was revived in the 15th century and Ficino and Patrizi attempted, unsuccessfully, to provide an alternative to ... More


Weakness of Will in Renaissance and Reformation Thought

Risto Saarinen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606818
eISBN:
9780191729614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Weakness of will, the phenomenon of acting contrary to one's own better judgement, remains a prominent discussion topic in philosophy. The book covers the reflection on weakness of will between 1350 ... More


Avicenna’s Intellectual and Historical Milieu

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter covers the historical, cultural, and intellectual background up to and during the time of Avicenna. It begins by presenting the Greek course curriculum taught at the ... More


Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Frank Griffel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is one of the most important theologians, philosophers, and Sufis of Islam. Born around 1056 in northeastern Iran, he became the holder of the most prestigious academic post in ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This discusses the rationalism and the realism of the thinkers studied in this book. It explains why the work of these thinkers (Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides) is important to ... More


Virtue for Procrastinators

Elijah Millgram

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One type of procrastination is a result of the surprising temporal structure of some important human goods, whose benefits cannot be accounted for as the sums of benefits of momentary goods. Virtue ... More


Creation

Christian Moevs

in The Metaphysics of Dante's Comedy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174618
eISBN:
9780199835430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174615.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

In Christian thought, creation “out of nothing” is not an event or a process: there is no how, when, or where in the creation of the world. How, when, and where are all internal to finite being, and ... More


Exegetical Cultures 1: Aristotelianism

Garth Fowden

in Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158532
eISBN:
9781400848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines “Aristotelianism” both as an autonomous philosophy and as a common denominator of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The First Millennium was known for its generation of a Greek ... More


Passion's Triumph over Reason: A History of the Moral Imagination from Spenser to Rochester

Christopher Tilmouth

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212378
eISBN:
9780191707254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212378.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This book surveys ideas of passion, reason, appetite, and self-control in English literature and moral thought from 1580 to 1680. Drawing on tragedy, poetry, moral philosophy, and sermons, the book ... More


Positions in Early Modern Moral Thought

Christopher Tilmouth

in Passion's Triumph over Reason: A History of the Moral Imagination from Spenser to Rochester

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212378
eISBN:
9780191707254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212378.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter describes ideas of rational self-governance and assessments of the worth (or otherwise) of the passions put forward by: Erasmus and Plato; Cicero and the Stoics; Aristotle, Aquinas, and ... More


Augustinian and Aristotelian Influences from Herbert to Milton

Christopher Tilmouth

in Passion's Triumph over Reason: A History of the Moral Imagination from Spenser to Rochester

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212378
eISBN:
9780191707254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212378.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

There are two themes in this chapter. The first examines Augustine's anti-Stoic argument that passions informed by a good will (a will centred around a love of God) are intrinsically valuable. This ... More


Explanation and Practical Reason

Charles Taylor

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Taylor examines the forms of reasoning that people use when they argue that one way of life is better for human beings than another. Although such arguments always take place in a particular ... More


Introduction

Michael Moriarty

in Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The introdcutory chapter discusses 20th-century critiques by Sartre and Barthes of 17th-century moral writing as limited by its focus on the psychological and ethical, rather than the political and ... More


Approaches

Michael Moriarty

in Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Two broad approaches to human nature found in early modern writers are discussed. The first approach, descriptive, focuses on identifying and describing the key properties of human nature, and ... More


Logic and Philosophy of Logic from Humanism to Kant

Mirella Capozzi and Gino Roncaglia

in The Development of Modern Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137316
eISBN:
9780199867912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137316.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of humanist criticisms of scholastic logic. It then discusses the evolution of the scholastic tradition and the influence of Renaissance Aristotelianism, ... More


Suárez on Continuous Quantity

Jorge Secada

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This essay examines a central feature of Suárez’s physics, the notion of quantity and continuous quantity in particular. Suárez’s treatment of continuous quantity is placed within the tradition ... More


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