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  • Keywords: Aristotelian philosophy x
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Ammonius Saccas

George E. Karamanolis

in Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199264568
eISBN:
9780191603990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264562.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Ammonius Saccas held the view that the philosophy of Aristotle is in agreement with that of Plato on most essential philosophical issues. It is argued that Ammonius was an independent thinker who, ... More


Aristotelian Neo-Orthodoxy and Andalusian Revolts

Sarah Stroumsa

in Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691176437
eISBN:
9780691195452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176437.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the remarkable phenomenon of twelfth-century rigorous Andalusian Aristotelianism. In the early twelfth century, the philosophical map of al-Andalus was dramatically redrawn. ... More


Knowledge or Conjecture

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows how Ptolemy blends an Aristotelian form of empiricism with a Platonic concern for distinguishing knowledge and opinion, and thereby produces a new and subversive epistemology where ... More


Defining the Sciences

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Taking Almagest 1.1 as the starting point of this study, as it functions as an epitome of Ptolemy's general philosophical system, this chapter argues that the metaphysics Ptolemy presents when ... More


What Would Teleological Causation Be? 1

John Hawthorne

in Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199291236
eISBN:
9780191710612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291236.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by identifying three features of Aristotle's teleology, and more generally of an Aristotelian frame of mind about teleology, that may induce suspicion. The first is that an end ... More


Refuting the Eternity of the Stars: Philosophy between Byzantium and Late Antique Iraq

Joel Thomas Walker

in The Legend of Mar Qardagh: Narrative and Christian Heroism in Late Antique Iraq

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245785
eISBN:
9780520932197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245785.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores a more familiar and well-documented aspect of East-Syrian Christian tradition: its engagement with Aristotelian philosophy. The Qardagh legend includes a long disputation scene ... More


The Art of (the) Talmud

Sergey Dolgopolski

in What Is Talmud?: The Art of Disagreement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229345
eISBN:
9780823236725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229345.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes the Talmud as an intellectual project in one specific historical moment of its emergence—the 15th-century work of Rabbi Izhak Canpanton of Castalia, also known as the Gaon of ... More


Aristotle Redivivus

Michael Ruse

in On Purpose

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691195957
eISBN:
9781400888603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195957.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explains occurrences during and after the Scientific Revolution, in which the personification of nature that is at the heart of the Aristotelian philosophy had a nasty way of reappearing ... More


Ius Naturae et Gentium: The Iusnaturalists

James Gordley

in The Jurists: A Critical History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199689392
eISBN:
9780191768286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689392.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the project of the iusnaturalists, which is described as humanism turned upside down. In pursuit of the humanist ideal, the iusnaturalists borrowed much from the late ... More


Oedipus/Anti–Oedipus: The Philosopher, the Actor and the Patient

Olga Taxidou

in Tragedy, Modernity and Mourning

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748619870
eISBN:
9780748651719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619870.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter considers the various ways in which the story and play of Oedipus have been interpreted and appropriated by different intellectual projects, from Aristotelian philosophy to ... More


The Animate Heart

Heather Webb

in The Medieval Heart

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300153934
eISBN:
9780300153941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153934.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the experience of looking upon an extracted or otherwise exposed heart. In the medieval world, an exposed heart was patently de-animate or in the process of de-animation. It was ... More


Moral Strength: Virtue as a Duty to Oneself*

Robert B. Louden

in Kant’s Human Being: Essays on His Theory of Human Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199768714
eISBN:
9780190267599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199768714.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the Kantian definition of virtue, in contrast to the virtue ethics of other philosophers. Central to Kant’s virtue is moral character, as applied within human dimensions. Kant ... More


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