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The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Theresa Levitt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This work places revolutionary advances in light and optics in the cultural context of France in the first half of the 19th century. The narrative follows the work and careers of France's two chief ... More


Conclusion

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter draws together conclusions from the narratives from the main chapters of the book and summarizes the advances in light and optics that occurred in the first half of the 19th century in ... More


Introduction

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The ‘optical revolution’ has long referred to the seminal moment in physical optics begun by Arago and Biot's work on the polarization of light. This book argues that the revolution was not confined ... More


A Revolution in Representation

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter covers two aspects of Arago and Biot's early career: their travels in the Balearic Islands to make meridian measurements, and their education in color theory at the École Polytechnique. ... More


Le Rouge et le Vert: The Colors of Opposition in Restoration France

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter covers the argument between Arago and Biot in the 1810s that solidified their scientific reputations. They are usually portrayed as fighting over rival theories of the nature of light: ... More


A Vital Matter: Light and Life

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter looks at the question of light and living bodies. Arago once again fashioned himself as a debunker, questioning the claims of the rising spiritualist movement that there exist previously ... More


Light Paints Itself: The Conditions of Photographic Representation

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Both Arago and Biot were central figures in the early history of photography in France. Each took up the side of one of the rival processes: Arago promoted Daguerre's silver plates and Biot Talbot's ... More


Illuminate All Eyes: Colonial Markets and the Problem of Freedom

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines the two men's involvement in colonial trade and slavery. Biot developed an optical device — the saccharimeter — that became a crucial part of the colonial sugar industry, used ... More


The Glory of Glasgow

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter covers the life of Robert Grant, the 6th Regius Professor of Astronomy from 1859 to 1892. Being infirm in his childhood, he was essentially self-educated and burgeoned through avid ... More


| 1820–21 | 1820–21 Domestic and Foreign Reactions

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Experimenta meets with a variety of German reactions from Weiss, Pfaff, Gilbert, Seebeck, Erman, and Schweigger. The first to repeat Ørsted's experiment were the Swiss ... More


| 1822–3 | 1822–3 The Triumphal Progress: Paris

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0038
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The differences between Ørsted's dynamism and French corpuscular theory are reflected inside the French Academy of Science. These differences are formulated in four points. Arago's and Ampére's ... More


Meeting in Public

Alex Csiszar

in The Scientific Journal: Authorship and the Politics of Knowledge in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226553238
eISBN:
9780226553375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553375.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter is about the politics of representation in science. During the 1820s and 1830s, scientific societies and academies began to publish journals of their own, modeled on commercial ... More


Discovery, Publication, and Property

Alex Csiszar

in The Scientific Journal: Authorship and the Politics of Knowledge in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226553238
eISBN:
9780226553375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553375.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The priority dispute has long been a privileged site for historical and sociological studies of science. This chapter is a media history of these disputes. How might transformations in the formats ... More


Arago's Daguerreotype: The Labor Theory of Knowledge

in The Romantic Machine: Utopian Science and Technology after Napoleon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226812205
eISBN:
9780226812229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226812229.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early nineteenth century, Pierre-Simon Laplace was a prominent figure in French astronomy. His physical determinism, and even his speculations about the origin of the solar system, have also ... More


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