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Paul of Samosata

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Paul of Samosata, bishop of Antioch in the 160s, when it was ruled by Queen Zenobia of Palmyra, was criticized for his doctrine of Christ and his worldly lifestyle. A synod decided that he be removed ... More


Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Sara Parvis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In the recent explosion of scholarship on the Arian controversy, the years immediately after Nicaea have been comparatively neglected. This is partly because the prevailing view in the ... More


Nicaea

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the evidence for membership of the two alliances which squared up against one another before Nicaea, including the names and numbers on both sides, and the degree to which ... More


From Nicaea to the Death of Constantine

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter argues that Eustathius of Antioch’s deposition took place in autumn 327 as a result of real or faked evidence of sexual misdemeanour, triggering a reversal by Constantine of his previous ... More


The Influence of Athanasius' Polemic 339–46

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the influence of Athanasius’ polemic upon the western Church in the period 339-46. This influence is particularly visible in two texts quoted by Athanasius in his Apologia ... More


The ‘Arianism’ of the ‘Eusebians’

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter assesses Athanasius’ presentation of the ‘Eusebians’ as ‘Arian’. After a brief introduction to Athanasius’ highly polarized heresiological polemic, it traces Athanasius’ construction of ... More


Introduction: Gregory's Life and Work

Gregory A. Beeley

in Gregory of Nazianzus on the Trinity and the Knowledge of God: In Your Light We Shall See Light

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195313970
eISBN:
9780199871827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313970.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The introduction provides an orientation to Gregory's' life and works within his multiple contexts. It covers Gregory's family, childhood, education, training in biblical study and Greek ... More


The Schism of the Non‐Chalcedonians

Volker L. Menze

in Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534876
eISBN:
9780191716041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 1 analyses the accession of Justin I in 518 and questions the conventional view that Justin was a convinced Chalcedonian. It argues that the emperor became Chalcedonian for raisons d'état. ... More


Trinitarian Debates from Nicaea (325) to Sirmium (351)

Carl L. Beckwith

in Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the Trinitarian debates from the Council of Nicaea (325) to the synod of Sirmium (351) and the emergence of the creed from Nicaea in the West as a standard of orthodoxy.


A Ministry beyond the Letter (2 Cor 3:1–6)

Jerome Murphy‐O'Connor

in Keys to Second Corinthians: Revisiting the Major Issues

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592104
eISBN:
9780191595608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592104.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

The passage contains hints that Paul's opponents were composed of ‘Spirit‐people’ (pneumatikoi) (2 Cor 2:16; 3:5) and newly arrived Judaizers (3:3, 6). In the Postscript I correct what I said in the ... More


Administration and Imperial Authority on the Eastern Frontier

Catherine Homes

in Basil II and the Governance of Empire (976-1025)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279685
eISBN:
9780191707353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279685.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter looks behind the distorting mirror of the historiographical record of Basil II's reign. It focuses on the administration of the Byzantine Empire's eastern frontier using the contemporary ... More


The Six Days of Creation According to the Greek Fathers

Andrew Louth

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter shows what may be learned for readers of Genesis after Darwin by attending to the profound—often strange—ways in which Genesis was read long before Darwin, particularly by Greek-speaking ... More


Grace and the Logos' Double Birth in the Early Church

Donald Fairbairn

in Grace and Christology in the Early Church

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256143
eISBN:
9780191600586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256144.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In the light of the book's treatment of grace and christology, this chapter argues that the central issue in patristic christology was not whether Christ was one person or two or whether one spoke of ... More


Ignatius of Antioch

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The letters of Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, written some time in the early second century while he was being taken to Rome and martyrdom, illustrate in a lively and idiosyncratic way themes such as ... More


Athanasius, Marcellus, and the Gathering Storm

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0032
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Church history in the fourth century was the history of the emperors of the Constantinian dynasty and also of dissensions over theology, which were not merely struggles for power but also about the ... More


Constantius' Double Council of Unity

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0036
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Constantius II organized councils in 359–60 for the acceptance of the Dated Creed, the western bishops meeting at Ariminium (Rimini), and the easterners at Seleucia. The majority in the west adhered ... More


Basil of Caesarea (Cappadocia)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0039
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses the life and career of Basil as bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia and his role in early monasticism. In the constant disagreements amongst the bishops of Asia Minor, Basil supported the ... More


Schism at Antioch: The Council of Constantinople (381)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0045
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses how schism in the church at Antioch throughout the fourth century impinged on the question of superiority among the eastern sees and on Theodosius I's council held at Constantinople in 381. ... More


John Chrysostom

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0050
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses the career and reputation of John Chrysostom (c.347–407) and the religious consequences of the political events of his time. John first came to prominence at Antioch through his strict ... More


The Christological Debate, II: From Reunion (433) to a Breakdown of Unity (449)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0053
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Continues the history of the Christological debate from the Formulary of Reunion in 433 to the break down of unity and deposition of Flavian, bishop of Constantinople in 449. The western emperor ... More


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