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The Environment and Natural Resources

Dinah Shelton

in Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-binding Norms in the International Legal System

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199270989
eISBN:
9780191707704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270989.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents case studies that demonstrate the importance of soft norms in moulding behaviour of states and non-state actors. The case studies cover the UN General Assembly ban on driftnet ... More


Managing Polar Policy through Public and Private Regulatory Standards: The Case of Tourism in the Antarctic

Michele Zebich-Knos

in Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205169
eISBN:
9780300210385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the role of Antarctic polar diplomacy in the management of tourist travel to the continent. It seeks to broaden understanding of how visits to Antarctica are managed by a global ... More


Governance of Climate Change Impacts on the Antarctic Marine Environment

Elizabeth Burleson and Jennifer Huang

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter seeks to integrate the Antarctic Treaty System within a framework of international environmental law and advocates for development of enhanced recognition of polar environmental ... More


An Erosion of Confidence? The Antarctic Treaty System in the Twenty-first Century

Daniela Liggett

in Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205169
eISBN:
9780300210385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

More than 50 years after the Antarctic Treaty was conceived and signed, the Antarctic Treaty System is facing increasing external pressures that challenge the way the Antarctic is being governed. ... More


Polar Environmental Governance and Nonstate Actors

Sébastien Duyck

in Diplomacy on Ice: Energy and the Environment in the Arctic and Antarctic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205169
eISBN:
9780300210385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205169.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The role of nonstate actors in polar governance is complex. In Antarctica, the private sector managed to successfully avoid regulation of tourism under the Antarctic Treaty System through ... More


Antarctic Détente

Adrian Howkins

in Frozen Empires: An Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190249144
eISBN:
9780190249175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, World Modern History

This chapter examines the origins of the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, which suspended sovereignty claims and reservations of rights to Antarctica and created “a continent dedicated to peace and science.” ... More


Preserving Power

Adrian Howkins

in Frozen Empires: An Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190249144
eISBN:
9780190249175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, World Modern History

Following the ratification of the Antarctic Treaty in 1961, the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) developed as the governing structure of the southern continent. This chapter suggests that members of the ... More


Introduction: Order, Power, Authority and the Antarctic Environment

Alessandro Antonello

in The Greening of Antarctica: Assembling an International Environment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190907174
eISBN:
9780190907204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907174.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This introduction situates this book within the fields of Antarctic, environmental, and international history. It poses the central question of the book: How did Antarctica transform from a cold, ... More


Mining the Deep South: Exploitation, Environmental Impact, and Contested Futures

Alessandro Antonello

in The Greening of Antarctica: Assembling an International Environment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190907174
eISBN:
9780190907204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907174.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter investigates the debates surrounding possible exploitation of minerals in Antarctica between 1969 and 1977. In the late 1960s several mineral and oil companies began investigating ... More


Introduction: Frozen Empires

Adrian Howkins

in Frozen Empires: An Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190249144
eISBN:
9780190249175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, World Modern History

The chapter sets out the book’s central argument for imperial continuity in the environmental history of the Antarctic Peninsula. The chapter introduces the concept of “environmental authority,” ... More


The International Regulation of Patagonian Toothfish: CCAMLR and High Seas Fisheries Management

Richard Herr

in Governing High Seas Fisheries: The Interplay of Global and Regional Regimes

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299493
eISBN:
9780191685729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299493.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources is a component of the broader Antarctic Treaty System that has been used in an effort to tackle the advent of a large ... More


Conclusion: Melting Empires?

Adrian Howkins

in Frozen Empires: An Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190249144
eISBN:
9780190249175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, World Modern History

The conclusion considers the contemporary implications of an argument for imperial continuity in the environmental history of the Antarctic Peninsula region. The significant role played by the ... More


Epilogue: The Fate of the Green Antarctic

Alessandro Antonello

in The Greening of Antarctica: Assembling an International Environment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190907174
eISBN:
9780190907204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907174.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This epilogue reflects on Antarctic diplomacy and science after 1980 in light of the greening of Antarctica that occurred after 1959. It suggests ways in which the failed ratification of the ... More


Understanding nuclear-free zones

Ian Bellany

in Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719067969
eISBN:
9781781701324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the properties of an ideal nuclear-weapon-free zone and compares it with actual nuclear-free zones. An ideal nuclear-free zone's job of work is never done and there is always ... More


Perón’s Antarctic Dream

Adrian Howkins

in Frozen Empires: An Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190249144
eISBN:
9780190249175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, World Modern History

This chapter focuses on Argentina’s increasingly active policy in the Antarctic Peninsula region under the presidency of Juan Domingo Perón (1946–1955). Although Perón was initially quite slow to ... More


The Greening of Antarctica: Assembling an International Environment

Alessandro Antonello

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190907174
eISBN:
9780190907204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907174.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

The Greening of Antarctica investigates the development of an international regime of environmental protection and management for Antarctica between the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 and ... More


Frozen Empires: An Environmental History of the Antarctic Peninsula

Adrian Howkins

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190249144
eISBN:
9780190249175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190249144.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, World Modern History

This book examines the environmental history of the Antarctic Peninsula region from the early twentieth century to the present. As the most politically contested part of the Antarctic continent, the ... More


Environmental Damage in International and Comparative Law: Problems of Definition and Valuation

Michael Bowman and Alan Boyle (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199255733
eISBN:
9780191698262
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255733.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Comparative Law

This study considers the problems of defining and valuing ‘environmental damage’ from the perspective of international and comparative law. The need for a broad and systematic evaluation of this ... More


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