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Poetry in the Object World

Johanna Malt

in Obscure Objects of Desire Surrealism, Fetishism, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253425
eISBN:
9780191698132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253425.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter addresses what happens when language is introduced into the picture-quite literally-in the form of the poème-objet, which combines text with three-dimensional collage. André Breton's own ... More


Subjectivity and Revolutionary Commitment

Johanna Malt

in Obscure Objects of Desire Surrealism, Fetishism, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253425
eISBN:
9780191698132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253425.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The point of departure in this chapter is the fundamental question of the possibility of a revolutionary art. What can writers and artists contribute to the cause of a Communist proletarian ... More


Obscure Objects of Desire Surrealism, Fetishism, and Politics

Johanna Malt

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253425
eISBN:
9780191698132
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253425.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

In a speech given in Prague in 1935, André Breton asked, ‘Is there, properly speaking, a left-wing art capable of defending itself?’. But despite his conviction that surrealism did indeed offer such ... More


The Surrealist Object in Theory

Johanna Malt

in Obscure Objects of Desire Surrealism, Fetishism, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253425
eISBN:
9780191698132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253425.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Surrealist theory and practice in the 1920s and 1930s was caught between two poles. In the early days of the movement, much of its activity centred on the pursuit of automatism in various forms, ... More


Breton's Surrealism, or How to Sublimate Cinepoetry

Christophe Wall-Romana

in Cinepoetry: Imaginary Cinemas in French Poetry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823245482
eISBN:
9780823252527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245482.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The theoretician and leader of Surrealism, André Breton, was a much deeper cinephile than he has represented. This chapter argues that Breton took over Apollinaire's Surrealism by purging its ... More


Does the Acéphale Dream of Headless Sheep?

Jeremy Biles

in Negative Ecstasies: Georges Bataille and the Study of Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265190
eISBN:
9780823266890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265190.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In light of his polemical relations with André Breton and his critiques of surrealism, Bataille is widely but mistakenly thought to have an aversion to the dream and the unconscious. Revealing ... More


Europe in America: Remapping Broken Cultural Lines:View (1940–7) and VVV (1942–4)

Stamatina Dimakopoulou

in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines: Volume II: North America 1894-1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199545810
eISBN:
9780191803475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199545810.003.0042
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter discusses the histories of the View and VVV. Charles Henri Ford's View appeared alongside the emergence of Abstract Expressionism in New York City, and found its place in the history of ... More


“Pris sur le vif”: The Surrealist Poetics of the Document

Alison James

in The Documentary Imagination in Twentieth-Century French Literature: Writing with Facts

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198859680
eISBN:
9780191892059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198859680.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter examines the surrealists’ deployment of the verbal or photographic document as a model that is simultaneously poetic and anti-literary. The surrealists eventually depart from their ... More


Red Front / Black Front: Aimé Césaire and the Affaire Aragon

Carrie Noland

in Voices of Negritude in Modernist Print: Aesthetic Subjectivity, Diaspora, and the Lyric Regime

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167048
eISBN:
9780231538640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167048.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter analyzes the poetic choices Aimé Césaire made during the interwar period. On the one hand, Césaire felt the need to satisfy poetic demands: he wanted to live up to and advance the ... More


Disputes over Territory

Vincent Debaene

in Far Afield: French Anthropology between Science and Literature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226106908
eISBN:
9780226107233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107233.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Whereas chapter 10 turned to the beginning of the twentieth century to gauge writers’ and literary scholars’ reactions to the advent of the social sciences, chapter 11 examines the 1930s through the ... More


A Poetics of Co-Naissance: Via André Breton, Paul Claudel, and Claude Simon

Emmanuel de Saint Aubert

in Merleau-Ponty’s Poetic of the World: Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780823288137
eISBN:
9780823290376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823288137.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Merleau-Ponty’s reading of André Breton, Paul Claudel, and Claude Simon allows us to shed some light on the relations between Being and Flesh in his philosophy, as well as how these relations promise ... More


Roland Penrose: The Life of a Surrealist

James King

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474414500
eISBN:
9781474421874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414500.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Art History

As an artist, an impresario, a biographer and a collector, Roland Penrose (1900–1984) is a key figure in the study of modern art in England. This book explores the intricacies of Penrose's life and ... More


A Stranger in Prague: Writing and the Politics of Identity in Apollinaire, Nezval, and Camus

Alfred Thomas

in Prague Palimpsest: Writing, Memory, and the City

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226795409
eISBN:
9780226795416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226795416.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the reinvention of Prague as a modernist metropolis, focusing on the seminal influence of Guillaume Apollinaire's story “Le Passant de Prague” on avant-garde Czech writers of ... More


Surrealism: An Excommunicated Vessel?

in Poetry and Language Writing: Objective and Surreal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311154
eISBN:
9781846313790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313790.002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter discusses the part played by surrealism as a negative exemplum for the early poetics of language writing. It explains the fault in considering surrealism as expressivism and attempts to ... More


Directionality and Duration in Distributed Consciousness: Modernist Perspectives on Photographic Objectivity

Adam Lively

in Distributed Cognition in Victorian Culture and Modernism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474442244
eISBN:
9781474491075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442244.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay begins by exploring how the “immersive objectivity” of the photographic image highlighted by the Surrealists tends to collapse distinctions between what is internal and external to ... More


“That Ugly, That Clumsy, That Incongruous Tool”

Dora Zhang

in Strange Likeness: Description and the Modernist Novel

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226722498
eISBN:
9780226722665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226722665.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Although it is a ubiquitous feature of the novel, description remains undervalued and undertheorized. This Introduction highlights the variety and historicity of descriptive modes, as well as its ... More


A Return to the Face: Anna Coleman Ladd’s Portrait Masks for Mutilated Soldiers

Aaron Shaheen

in Great War Prostheses in American Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198857785
eISBN:
9780191890406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857785.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The chapter assesses the American sculptor Anna Coleman Ladd, who crafted prosthetic masks for facially mutilated soldiers in Paris. Rejecting the distinction between ornamental and functional ... More


L’Amour fou Revisited: The Surrealist Poetics of Michel Gondry

Sian Mitchell

in ReFocus: The Films of Michel Gondry

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474456012
eISBN:
9781474490672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474456012.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Sian Mitchell’s chapter traces the legacy of Frenchpoetic realist director Jean Vigo (1905–34) in Gondry’s work. Drawing on the surrealist theories of André Breton, this chapter argues that early ... More


Under the Sign of Negation: William Carlos Williams and Surrealism

in Poetry and Language Writing: Objective and Surreal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311154
eISBN:
9781846313790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846313790.003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter examines American poet William Carlos Williams' engagement with surrealism. It explains that Williams is an important figure for many language writers but their reception of his work has ... More


Nelly Kaplan's Le Collier de ptyx: Mallarmé as Political McGuffin

Christophe Wall-Romana

in Cinepoetry: Imaginary Cinemas in French Poetry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823245482
eISBN:
9780823252527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245482.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter provides a reading of another book that reprises the history of cinepoetry, all the way back to its pioneer: Stéphane Mallarmé. Published in 1971, The Ptyx Necklace is a literary ... More


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