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Athens I

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The intensely human culture of newly literate Ionia spread into every field of intellectual endeavor. Though it was obviously anti-religious, serious opposition to it took nearly a century to ... More


Afterword: The Legend of Pericles

Stephen V. Tracy

in Pericles: A Sourcebook and Reader

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256033
eISBN:
9780520943629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256033.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Except for Plutarch, the authors discussed in this book all lived at the same time as Pericles, or within a generation of his death. Many were his coevals and in a position either to have been ... More


Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

John Palmer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book develops and defends a modal interpretation of Parmenides, according to which he was the first philosopher to distinguish in a rigorous manner the fundamental modalities of necessary being, ... More


Anaxagoras and Parmenides

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter reassesses Anaxagoras' relation to Parmenides in light of the modal interpretation of Parmenides developed in Chapters 2 to 4. After an initial orientation to the fundamental tenets of ... More


Teleological Dialectic

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle articulates his natural teleology in the context of a dialectical engagement with his predecessors, identifying each of them with a salient causal factor: Empedocles (luck or chance), ... More


The Presocratics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson considers the contributions to the explanation of nature of each of the major Presocratic figures. Following a brief sketch of the cosmogonies of Homer and Hesiod, ... More


Critique of Earlier Philosophers on the Good and the Causes Critique of Earlier Philosophers on the Good and the Causes Metaphysics A 7–A 8 989a18

Stephen Menn

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 7 Aristotle draws some conclusions from the survey of earlier philosophers' views in A3-6. He is interested, not so much in what archai they believed in, or in what kinds of causes they ... More


Second thoughts on some Presocratics Second thoughts on some Presocratics Metaphysics A 8, 989a18–990a32

Oliver Primavesi

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In chapter A 8, Aristotle looks once more into the theories of Empedocles, Anaxagoras and the so-called Pythagoreans, this time in order to evaluate their views on principles for his own search for ... More


Aristotle's Physics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Katerina Ierodiakonou, Paul Kalligas, and Vassilis Karasmanis (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830993
eISBN:
9780191868948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This volume of the ‘Symposium Aristotelicum’ constitutes a running commentary of the first book of Aristotle’s Physics, a central treatise of the Aristotelian corpus that aims at knowledge of the ... More


Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Victor Caston (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy provides, twice each year, a collection of the best current work in the field of ancient philosophy. Each volume features original essays that contribute to an ... More


Everything in Everything: Anaxagoras's Metaphysics

Anna Marmodoro

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190611972
eISBN:
9780190611996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, General

Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (fifth century BCE) is best known for his stance that there is a share of everything in everything. He puts forward this theory of extreme mixture as a solution to the ... More


Anaxagoras

David Sedley

in Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253643
eISBN:
9780520934368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253643.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The earliest western philosophers were the bright original Greek thinkers traditionally known as the Presocratics—a line-up which included such heterogeneous figures as Thales, Anaximander, ... More


Conclusions

Anna Marmodoro

in Everything in Everything: Anaxagoras's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190611972
eISBN:
9780190611996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611972.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, General

The book’s conclusion gives an overview of the main interpretative claims that have been argued for throughout the book. The conclusion also briefly explores the contrast between Anaxagoras’s and the ... More


Nous, Motion, and Teleology in Anaxagoras

Rhodes Pinto

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This paper advances a new interpretation of the manner in which Anaxagoras regards nous as producing motion and, in so doing, explains Anaxagoras’ emphasis on nous’s purity and offers a major ... More


‘All the World’s a Stage-Painting’: Scenery, Optics, and Greek Epistemology

M. F. Burnyeat

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the fourth century BCE, Anaxarchus and Monimus compared the world to stage-painting, to express scepticism about sense-perception and the worthlessness of human affairs, respectively. But the ... More


Empire of the Sun: Implications of Heliophotism, and a New Model

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Parmenides’ theory of heliophotism had important implications. (1) The moon is opaque. (2) It orbits below the sun. (3) It is spherical. (4) The sun and moon are permanent bodies. (5) Heavenly bodies ... More


Darkened Suns and Falling Stars: Heaven-Sent Proofs

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Who first developed the new theory of the heavens? Anaxagoras and Empedocles were rough contemporaries, and both held the theory. There is evidence that Anaxagoras observed the solar eclipse of 478 ... More


The Geometry of the Heavens

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The discovery of heliophotism and antiphraxis makes sense in a narrative of astronomical development from Thales to Aristotle and beyond. There is no reason not to recognize Anaxagoras as the founder ... More


Emergence

Andrew Assad and Norman H. Packard

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a definition of the term “emergent” that is relevant to the study of Artificial Life. Since its inception, the field of Artificial Life has consistently referred to the property ... More


One and Many: Physics I 4

GÁbor Betegh

in Aristotle's Physics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830993
eISBN:
9780191868948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830993.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In Physics I 4 Aristotle turns to those who, in his view, practised bona fide natural philosophy by allowing change and multiplicity. But instead of providing a survey of the pluralist options, ... More


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