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Athens I

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The intensely human culture of newly literate Ionia spread into every field of intellectual endeavor. Though it was obviously anti-religious, serious opposition to it took nearly a century to ... More


Afterword: The Legend of Pericles

Stephen V. Tracy

in Pericles: A Sourcebook and Reader

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520256033
eISBN:
9780520943629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256033.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Except for Plutarch, the authors discussed in this book all lived at the same time as Pericles, or within a generation of his death. Many were his coevals and in a position either to have been ... More


Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

John Palmer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book develops and defends a modal interpretation of Parmenides, according to which he was the first philosopher to distinguish in a rigorous manner the fundamental modalities of necessary being, ... More


Socrates’s Prosecution as Philosophos: Did Socrates Exemplify the Philosophos?

Christopher Moore

in Calling Philosophers Names: On the Origin of a Discipline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691195056
eISBN:
9780691197425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691195056.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter turns to a fifth-century BCE figure as yet unmentioned, but whose importance to the later understanding of philosophia cannot be underestimated: Socrates. Many scholars believe that ... More


Anaxagoras and Parmenides

John Palmer

in Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199567904
eISBN:
9780191721717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567904.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter reassesses Anaxagoras' relation to Parmenides in light of the modal interpretation of Parmenides developed in Chapters 2 to 4. After an initial orientation to the fundamental tenets of ... More


Teleological Dialectic

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle articulates his natural teleology in the context of a dialectical engagement with his predecessors, identifying each of them with a salient causal factor: Empedocles (luck or chance), ... More


The Presocratics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson considers the contributions to the explanation of nature of each of the major Presocratic figures. Following a brief sketch of the cosmogonies of Homer and Hesiod, ... More


Close Encounter of the Philosophical Kind

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

It’s an imaginative encounter between the modern physicist and the ancient natural philosophers, during a beautiful hot summer day, where the physicist takes a first glance at their rational views of ... More


Critique of Earlier Philosophers on the Good and the Causes Critique of Earlier Philosophers on the Good and the Causes Metaphysics A 7–A 8 989a18

Stephen Menn

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 7 Aristotle draws some conclusions from the survey of earlier philosophers' views in A3-6. He is interested, not so much in what archai they believed in, or in what kinds of causes they ... More


Second thoughts on some Presocratics Second thoughts on some Presocratics Metaphysics A 8, 989a18–990a32

Oliver Primavesi

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In chapter A 8, Aristotle looks once more into the theories of Empedocles, Anaxagoras and the so-called Pythagoreans, this time in order to evaluate their views on principles for his own search for ... More


The Pre-Platonic Philosophers

Filippo Del Lucchese

in Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474456203
eISBN:
9781474476935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474456203.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Empedocles’s idea of monstrosity in the early generation of life, when the earth spontaneously produces all sort of monstrous beings, only some of which will survive and ... More


Anaxagoras

David Sedley

in Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253643
eISBN:
9780520934368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253643.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The earliest western philosophers were the bright original Greek thinkers traditionally known as the Presocratics—a line-up which included such heterogeneous figures as Thales, Anaximander, ... More


Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Victor Caston (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy provides, twice each year, a collection of the best current work in the field of ancient philosophy. Each volume features original essays that contribute to an ... More


Aristotle's Physics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Katerina Ierodiakonou, Paul Kalligas, and Vassilis Karasmanis (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198830993
eISBN:
9780191868948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This volume of the ‘Symposium Aristotelicum’ constitutes a running commentary of the first book of Aristotle’s Physics, a central treatise of the Aristotelian corpus that aims at knowledge of the ... More


Everything in Everything: Anaxagoras's Metaphysics

Anna Marmodoro

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190611972
eISBN:
9780190611996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, General

Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (fifth century BCE) is best known for his stance that there is a share of everything in everything. He puts forward this theory of extreme mixture as a solution to the ... More


In Everything Is Everything

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Anaxagoras proposed “in everything there is a portion of everything,” a notion as bizarre as the most popular interpretation of quantum theory, the Copenhagen. A piece of gold, say, contains gold as ... More


Conclusions

Anna Marmodoro

in Everything in Everything: Anaxagoras's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190611972
eISBN:
9780190611996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611972.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, General

The book’s conclusion gives an overview of the main interpretative claims that have been argued for throughout the book. The conclusion also briefly explores the contrast between Anaxagoras’s and the ... More


Nous, Motion, and Teleology in Anaxagoras

Rhodes Pinto

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This paper advances a new interpretation of the manner in which Anaxagoras regards nous as producing motion and, in so doing, explains Anaxagoras’ emphasis on nous’s purity and offers a major ... More


‘All the World’s a Stage-Painting’: Scenery, Optics, and Greek Epistemology

M. F. Burnyeat

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 52

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805762
eISBN:
9780191843679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805762.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In the fourth century BCE, Anaxarchus and Monimus compared the world to stage-painting, to express scepticism about sense-perception and the worthlessness of human affairs, respectively. But the ... More


Empire of the Sun: Implications of Heliophotism, and a New Model

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Parmenides’ theory of heliophotism had important implications. (1) The moon is opaque. (2) It orbits below the sun. (3) It is spherical. (4) The sun and moon are permanent bodies. (5) Heavenly bodies ... More


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