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Gandhi and his Critics

B. R. Nanda

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195633634
eISBN:
9780199081332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Mahatma Gandhi had been enmeshed in controversies ever since he plunged into the racial politics of Natal until he was assassinated fifty-four years later. He had to contend with the suspicious eyes ... More


Amritsar, 1919

B. R. Nanda

in Gandhi and his Critics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195633634
eISBN:
9780199081332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195633634.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

On 13 April 1919 in Amritsar, British troops opened fire on a gathering of unarmed civilians, including women and children, at the Jallianwalla Bagh in Amritsar. This bloody event, which came to be ... More


Decade of Transition 1910–1919

Peter Heehs

in India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947: A Short History

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195627985
eISBN:
9780199080670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

The first section of this chapter discusses India and the First World War. The second section considers the Home Rule Movement. The third section examines the Montagu-Chelmsford Report. The fourth ... More


Maharajah of the Punjab

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs: Volume 1: 1469-1838

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673081
eISBN:
9780199080601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter discusses about the maharajah of the Punjab, Ranjit Singh. The first section gives an account of how Singh was established as the leader of the Punjab, including the pleas of the ... More


‘Sacred’ City and the ‘Divine Court’: the Darbar Sahib

Pashaura Singh

in Life and Work of Guru Arjan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679212
eISBN:
9780199080687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679212.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

The Harimandir Sahib, also known as Darbar Sahib or ‘the Divine Court’, is the central place of Sikh worship and conveys the sense of majesty that emanates from the entire temple complex. The ... More


A Story Travels

Devika Chawla

in Home, Uprooted: Oral Histories of India’s Partition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823256433
eISBN:
9780823268894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256433.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes how Labbi Devi and his family were attacked while traveling from Pakistan to India, a month after the Partition of India. In September 1947, Devi’s family together with ... More


Amritsar

B. R. Nanda

in The Nehrus: Motilal and Jawaharlal: With a New Preface

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693430
eISBN:
9780199081387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693430.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter examines the crisis that occurred in Amritsar during the late 1910s. It begins by discussing Gandhi’s movement—or the day of hartal—against the passing of the Rowlatt Bills. It shows ... More


Amritsar

Neil James Mitchell

in Democracy's Blameless Leaders: From Dresden to Abu Ghraib, How Leaders Evade Accountability for Abuse, Atrocity, and Killing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814761441
eISBN:
9780814763377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814761441.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter recounts the killing of more than three hundred civilians in the city of Amritsar, India by British soldiers, in which political leaders in London were not complicit in the massacre and ... More


Dresden

Neil James Mitchell

in Democracy's Blameless Leaders: From Dresden to Abu Ghraib, How Leaders Evade Accountability for Abuse, Atrocity, and Killing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814761441
eISBN:
9780814763377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814761441.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the mass killing in Dresden. On the night of February 13, 1945, the incendiary and other bombs dropped from about eight hundred Lancaster and Halifax bombers of the Royal Air ... More


Gujarat and Punjab: The Entrepreneur’s Paradise and the Land of the Farmer

Manshi Asher

in Power, Policy, and Protest: The Politics of India's Special Economic Zones

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198097341
eISBN:
9780199082865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198097341.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter takes issue with Gujarat’s claim to be a ‘hassle free’ state for SEZs and explores the disjuncture between official accounts of industrialization and those of people whose livelihoods ... More


Ending and Remembering

Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly

in Projecting Imperial Power: New Nineteenth Century Emperors and the Public Sphere

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198802471
eISBN:
9780191840777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802471.003.0012
Subject:
History, Political History

Huge numbers of lives were lost in all the imperial wars, and millions of Indians died, not just fighting for the British, but in famines under British rule. Napoleon I and III, Wilhelm II, and Karl ... More


God, Guru, and Gurdwārā

Karamjit K. Malhotra

in The Eighteenth Century in Sikh History: Political Resurgence, Religious and Social Life, and Cultural Articulation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199463541
eISBN:
9780199087600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463541.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

There is a broad consensus in contemporary sources about the basic Sikh beliefs and Khalsa practices. The unity of God and the ten Gurus, and the Guruship of the Granth closely followed by the ... More


The Third Afghan War

Elizabeth Hamilton

in The Feringhees: Sir Robert and Sir William — Two Europeans in India: Volume 2: The Straight Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199460113
eISBN:
9780199086474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460113.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History, Social History

In May 1919, when a detachment of Amanullah’s Afghan troops enter the Khyber, war is declared. A hostile mob gathers in Peshawar and the British women and children are advised to sleep in the ... More


Exposing State Terror: The Rowlatt Satyagraha, 1919

David Hardiman

in The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190920678
eISBN:
9780190943233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190920678.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

The subject of the fifth chapter is the first major all-India campaign led by Gandhi, the Rowlatt Satyagraha of 1919. This was in reaction to oppressive legislation being introduced by the British to ... More


Early Life and Career of Master Tara Singh: (1885–1919)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0004
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the early 1890s, Master Tara Singh (Nanak Chand) was so impressed by the stories of Singh martyrs that he thought of becoming a Keshdhārī Singh. Initiated by Sant Attar Singh in 1901, Master Tara ... More


Master Tara Singh in the Akali Movement: (1920–3)

J.S. Grewal

in Master Tara Singh in Indian History: Colonialism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Sikh Identity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199467099
eISBN:
9780199089840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199467099.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

The newspaper Akali, started by the radical Sikh leaders in June 1920, articulated their concern for the liberation of Khalsa College, Amritsar, the historic gurdwaras, and eventually the whole ... More


Secularizing Renunciation?: Swami Shraddhananda’s Welcome Address at the Congress Session of Amritsar in 1919

Catherine Clémentin-Ojha

in Religious Interactions in Modern India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198081685
eISBN:
9780199097661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198081685.003.0008
Subject:
History, Indian History, History of Religion

Focusing on Swami Shraddhananda (1857–1926), the chapter discusses the turn towards an ideal of political samnyasi-hood in the early twentieth century. With Gandhi, Shraddhananda shared the ... More


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