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“Against the Speech of Friends”: Baraka’s White Friend Blues

Andrew Epstein

in Beautiful Enemies: Friendship and Postwar American Poetry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181005
eISBN:
9780199851010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181005.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

Amiri Baraka envisions poetry to be a form of contentious position-taking in the literary field. In his poems, his plays, and his one highly experimental novel, Baraka's writing confronts, in diverse ... More


Administering Poetic Breath for the People: Charles Olson and Amiri Baraka

Lisa Siraganian

in Modernism’s Other Work: The Art Object’s Political Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796557
eISBN:
9780199932542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796557.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter explores Charles Olson’s and Amiri Baraka’s various ways of letting the body into their writing. Olson’s Maximus (1960-1970), for example, equates fidelity to a viewer’s particular ... More


Amiri Baraka and the Poetics of Turning Away

Andrew Epstein

in Beautiful Enemies: Friendship and Postwar American Poetry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181005
eISBN:
9780199851010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181005.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

The supreme importance of turning away—and its centrality to the definition of poetry itself—speaks volumes about Amiri Baraka's poetics and the course of his volatile, controversial career. The ... More


After the October Revolution: The Jazz Avant‐garde in New York, 1964–65

Bernard Gendron

in Sound Commitments: Avant-Garde Music and the Sixties

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195336641
eISBN:
9780199868551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336641.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Popular

This chapter analyses the resurgence of the jazz avant‐garde in New York in the mid‐1960s, focusing in particular upon musicians' negotiation of competing aesthetic, social, and economic imperatives. ... More


Improvising over the Changes: Improvisation as Intellectual and Aesthetic Practice in the Transitional Poems of LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka

in The Shadow and the Act: Black Intellectual Practice, Jazz Improvisation, and Philosophical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226554235
eISBN:
9780226554259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554259.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter analyzes LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka's transitional period, his turn from modernism to Black Art, stressing his use of jazz in poetry and cultural criticism. Specifically, it addresses how ... More


The Maturation of Pan African Nationalism

Russell Rickford

in We Are an African People: Independent Education, Black Power, and the Radical Imagination

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199861477
eISBN:
9780190455637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861477.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the rise of Pan Africanism as a dominant ideology of the late 1960s. It examines the emergence of cadres of organizers as a framework for the practice of “Pan African ... More


Defying Social Science: George Oppen and Amiri Baraka

Peter Middleton

in Physics Envy: American Poetry and Science in the Cold War and After

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226290003
eISBN:
9780226290140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290140.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Annual special issues of Scientific American enabled the public to learn about a scientific topic and sometimes to see that scientific knowledge was provisional, the subject of dispute within the ... More


Unsettling the Democratic Score: Music and Urban Insurgency

Todd F. Tietchen

in Cubalogues: Beat Writers in Revolutionary Havana

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035208
eISBN:
9780813039633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035208.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter traces the evolution of black nationalism and anticolonialism in Amiri Baraka's work, paying particular attention to the publication history of “Cuba Libre,” which first appeared in the ... More


Black Arts and the Great Society

Stephen Schryer

in Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter discusses two Black Arts writers who benefited from War on Poverty patronage: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and Gwendolyn Brooks. In The System of Dante’s Hell and In the Mecca, the two ... More


The African Woman, 1965–1975

Ashley D. Farmer

in Remaking Black Power: How Black Women Transformed an Era

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469634371
eISBN:
9781469634388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634371.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 3 explores women who were part of two cultural nationalist groups: the Us Organization and the Congress of African People. Both groups practiced the cultural nationalist philosophy of ... More


The Occupied Territory: Homosexuality and History in Amiri Baraka’s Black Arts

Darieck Scott

in Extravagant Abjection: Blackness, Power, and Sexuality in the African American Literary Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814740941
eISBN:
9780814786543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814740941.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses primarily on Black Arts Movement intellectual LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka and his semi-autobiographical novel The System of Dante's Hell (1965) and essays that appear in the ... More


“Terribleness”: Amiri Baraka 1969

George Cotkin

in Feast of Excess: A Cultural History of the New Sensibility

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190218478
eISBN:
9780190218508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190218478.003.0020
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Cultural History

Amiri Baraka, when he was known as LeRoi Jones, had been a fixture in the Greenwich Village avant-garde. But by the early 1960s his sense of black nationalism could no longer be contained, and in ... More


Introduction

Andrew Epstein

in Beautiful Enemies: Friendship and Postwar American Poetry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181005
eISBN:
9780199851010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181005.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This book of postwar American poetry's obsession with friendship and its pleasures, limitations, and contradictions borrows its title from Ralph Waldo Emerson's “Friendship.” Emerson drives home his ... More


That Spirit Is Black

Josef Sorett

in Spirit in the Dark: A Religious History of Racial Aesthetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199844937
eISBN:
9780190606640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844937.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

To observe the 1960s was to witness an attempt to fundamentally rethink the spiritual terms of black existence, more generally. Black Arts theorists aimed to institutionalize and evangelize on behalf ... More


Situating the Avant-Garde in Postwar America: Community, Individualism, and Cold War Culture

Andrew Epstein

in Beautiful Enemies: Friendship and Postwar American Poetry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181005
eISBN:
9780199851010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181005.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter provides a theoretical and historical background for the subsequent analysis of how dissonant companionship plays out in the work of Frank O'Hara, John Ashbery, and Amiri Baraka. It ... More


From Redeeming the Cities to Building the New Ark: Black Nationalism and Community Economic Development

Julia Rabig

in The Fixers: Devolution, Development, and Civil Society in Newark, 1960-1990

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226388311
eISBN:
9780226388458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388458.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the diverse community development efforts of black cultural nationalists led by Amiri Baraka through organizations such as the Congress of African People and Kawaida, Inc., ... More


Introduction: Maximum Feasible Participation

Stephen Schryer

in Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Focusing on the African American poet and playwright Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), the Introduction explores links between 1950s and 1960s process literature and the Community Action Program. Baraka’s ... More


Three Ways of Looking at a Yardbird: Charlie Parker and the Theorization of Jazz Improvisation in the Work of Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, and LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka

in The Shadow and the Act: Black Intellectual Practice, Jazz Improvisation, and Philosophical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226554235
eISBN:
9780226554259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226554259.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter investigates how Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, and LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka used Charlie “Bird” Parker as a sign of Negro complexity and a symbolic guide through the contingent ... More


The Aesthetics of Anticipation

Margo Natalie Crawford

in Black Post-Blackness: The Black Arts Movement and Twenty-First-Century Aesthetics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041006
eISBN:
9780252099557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041006.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The first chapter argues that black aesthetics pivot on the spirit of anticipation. The first section of this chapter focuses on the 1920 and 30s Harlem Renaissance anticipation of the Black Arts ... More


“A Ghost of the Future”: Racial (Mis)perception and Black Subjectivity in LeRoi Jones’s Dutchman

Carol Bunch Davis

in Prefiguring Postblackness: Cultural Memory, Drama, and the African American Freedom Struggle of the 1960s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496802989
eISBN:
9781496803023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496802989.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter offers a reading of Amiri Baraka's 1964 play, Dutchman, focusing on its use of race icons to engage with white liberal response to racial uplift ideology and its implications for black ... More


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