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The Search for Paradigms as a Hindrance to Understanding

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines the kind of cognitive style that hinders, or promotes, understanding. The topic is introduced with a critical look at two books that exemplify opposite styles—one a study of the ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


American Science, Scientific Method, and Social Progress

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines Newcomb's perception of the institutional deficiencies of American science and his resulting call for wider public support of science. Seeking to convince the citizenry of the ... More


Out of the Egg

Krister Dylan Knapp

in William James: Psychical Research and the Challenge of Modernity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631240
eISBN:
9781469631264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631240.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Chapter three charts James's contributions to the Society for Psychical Research and the American Society for Psychical Research a researcher, investigator, officer, committee chairman, financial ... More


Vernacular Science: Knowing Earthquakes in the Early United States

Conevery Bolton Valencius

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226053899
eISBN:
9780226053929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226053929.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Animated, widespread discussion of the New Madrid earthquakes demonstrates the vitality of early American science, which has long been dismissed as derivative and inconsequential. Scientific ... More


Piety, Pioneers, and Patriots: The First American Observatories

Alexander MacDonald

in The Long Space Age: The Economic Origins of Space Exploration from Colonial America to the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300219326
eISBN:
9780300227888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219326.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the earliest period of American history, astronomy and the exploration of the heavens was considered a hallmark of intellectual development and a noble endeavor for the colonial elite. In the wake ... More


Prophets and Protons: New Religious Movements and Science in Late Twentieth-Century America

Benjamin E. Zeller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814797204
eISBN:
9780814797495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814797204.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

By the twentieth century, science had become so important that religious traditions had to respond to it. Emerging religions, still led by a living founder to guide them, responded with a clarity and ... More


On Being African: Paul Robeson and the Ends of Nationalist Theory and Practice

Sterling Stuckey

in Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199931675
eISBN:
9780199356027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931675.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Cultural History

Paul Robeson won Phi Beta Kappa honors and oratorical and debating prizes and was named All-American in football and class valedictorian at Rutgers. By then, he had found, among southern blacks, main ... More


Native Americans and the Problem of History, Part 1

in History's Shadow: Native Americans and Historical Consciousness in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226114941
eISBN:
9780226115115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115115.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Native Americans as objects of study and as subjects of intellectual discourse in the nineteenth century. This study amounts to an intellectual history whose major actors are ... More


The War of “Trained Brains”

Laura Micheletti Puaca

in Searching for Scientific Womanpower: Technocratic Feminism and the Politics of National Security, 1940-1980

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781469610818
eISBN:
9781469614441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610818.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the mobilization and militarization of American science during the Second World War facilitated the expansion of opportunities to women in scientific fields. The ... More


Epilogue

Tara H. Abraham

in Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This final chapter reflects on the many identities McCulloch performed throughout his life: student, poet, neurophysiologist, neuropsychiatrist, cybernetician, mentor, and engineer, to name but a ... More


The Navigator

Tamara Plakins Thornton

in Nathaniel Bowditch and the Power of Numbers: "How a Nineteenth-Century Man of Business, Science, and the Sea Changed American Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626932
eISBN:
9781469628110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626932.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on the content, significance, critique, and ultimate success of Bowditch’s New American Practical Navigator (1802). A revised and expanded version of an English nautical manual, ... More


The Chinese Republic and America’s Missionary Reformers

Jedidiah J. Kroncke

in The Futility of Law and Development: China and the Dangers of Exporting American Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190233525
eISBN:
9780190233549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233525.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 6 shows how the fusion of missionary idealism with the standardization of American law expressed itself through a progressive secularization of American legal reform work in China. The fall ... More


Conclusion: “A New Era in the Science of Medicine”?

Thomas A. Apel

in Feverish Bodies, Enlightened Minds: Science and the Yellow Fever Controversy in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804797405
eISBN:
9780804799638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804797405.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The Conclusion suggests that the yellow fever debate revealed the untenability of scientific inquiry based on the common-sense model, which could not sustain productive debate. It also contends that ... More


The Quaking Body: Sensation, Electricity, and Religious Revival

Conevery Bolton Valencius

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226053899
eISBN:
9780226053929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226053929.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Many people across North America experienced the New Madrid earthquakes as a set of physical sensations. The earthquakes made them feel sick, drunk, nauseous, dizzy, and afraid. Their bodily ... More


Putting Fundamentalism to Work

David Harrington Watt

in Antifundamentalism in Modern America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780801448270
eISBN:
9781501708541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448270.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter considers the analyses of fundamentalism that were produced by a group of scholars associated with the highly influential Fundamentalism Project, which was sponsored by the ... More


What Is Africa to Me?

Arna Bontemps

in The Negro in Illinois: The WPA Papers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037696
eISBN:
9780252094958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.003.0024
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the rising tide of racial consciousness in Chicago during the early years of the twentieth century. It begins with a discussion of early efforts by Negroes to return to their ... More


Conclusion

David A. Varel

in The Lost Black Scholar: Resurrecting Allison Davis in American Social Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226534886
eISBN:
9780226534916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534916.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The conclusion begins by examining the public honors that Davis received late in his career and after he passed away. Notable among these were his election to membership in the American Academy of ... More


Conclusion

in The Coldest Crucible: Arctic Exploration and American Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226721842
eISBN:
9780226721873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226721873.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter describes the chasm between American Arctic explorers and the American scientific community, and the present status of Arctic exploration. By 1900, the Arctic explorers had cut ... More


Harvard and Other Imperfect Mechanisms

Tamara Plakins Thornton

in Nathaniel Bowditch and the Power of Numbers: "How a Nineteenth-Century Man of Business, Science, and the Sea Changed American Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626932
eISBN:
9781469628110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626932.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Bowditch’s drive to transform three institutions fundamental to the Boston elite--the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Boston Athenaeum, and Harvard University—into ... More


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