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American Occupation, Market Order, and Democracy: Reconfiguring the Steel Industry in Japan and Germany after the Second World War

Gary Herrigel

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Engagement with American practices and ideas in the period after the Second World War differed in Germany and Japan compared to in many of the other political economies considered in this volume, ... More


American Occupation, Market Order, and Democracy: Recomposing the Steel Industry in Japan and Germany After World War II

Gary Herrigel

in Manufacturing Possibilities: Creative Action and Industrial Recomposition in the United States, Germany, and Japan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557738
eISBN:
9780191720871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557738.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The chapter analyzes the interaction of American Military Occupying authorities in Germany and Japan with indigenous stakeholders in the steel industry. German and Japanese steel industries are ... More


Introduction: “A New Order of Things”

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduces the book's main argument: that it is too simple, and ultimately misleading, to say that SCAP (that is, General MacArthur and officers of the American Occupation) “imposed” a Constitution ... More


The American Occupation: The New Constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes the new constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial. It talks about the ‘unconditional’ surrender. It also presents some characteristics of the reform period of the American ... More


The American Occupiers

Peter Duus and Kenji Hasegawa

in Rediscovering America: Japanese Perspectives on the American Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268432
eISBN:
9780520950375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268432.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses American occupation of Japan after its defeat in the war with America. It notes that on August 15, 1945, the emperor's radio announcement telling his subjects to “endure the ... More


A History of Backwardness

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter examines how late industrialization in South Korea was at first retarded by a state too weak to intervene and stimulate capital expenditures. It also takes the position that when ... More


Post-war Reconstructions

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0018
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

The seven years of the American occupation of Japan can be divided into two periods: the period of reform devoted to the adoption of measures for ‘demilitarization and democratization’; and the ... More


Assembled in Japan: Electrical Goods and the Making of the Japanese Consumer

Simon Partner

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520217928
eISBN:
9780520923171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217928.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This book investigates one of the great success stories of the twentieth century: the rise of the Japanese electronics industry. Contrary to mainstream interpretation, it discovers that behind the ... More


The Quest for the Lost Nation: Writing History in Germany and Japan in the American Century

Sebastian Conrad

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520259447
eISBN:
9780520945814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259447.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This is a chronicle of Germany's and Japan's struggles to reclaim a defeated national past. The author compares the ways German and Japanese scholars revised national history after World War II in ... More


Forming a Social Movement

Atalia Omer

in Days of Awe: Reimagining Jewishness in Solidarity with Palestinians

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615912
eISBN:
9780226616100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616100.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The chapter examines why groups of Jewish critics, conveying a deepening crisis of authority and increased questioning of the Jewish establishment's position on the occupation and Israeli policies, ... More


An Occupied Homeland (1945–1972)

Steve Rabson

in The Okinawan Diaspora in Japan: Crossing the Borders Within

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835347
eISBN:
9780824871772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835347.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter looks at the ways in which Okinawans coped with hardships arising out of Japan's surrender post-World War II and the American military occupation. By mid-August 1945, when Japan's ... More


Comprador Cabinets and Democracy by the Sword, 1946–1955

Brian Woodall

in Growing Democracy in Japan: The Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813145013
eISBN:
9780813145327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

American occupation authorities insisted that Japan adopt a democratic constitution, but Japanese political leaders were reluctant to revise the undemocratic prewar constitution. So General ... More


Living the Days of Awe, Relentlessly: An Introduction

Atalia Omer

in Days of Awe: Reimagining Jewishness in Solidarity with Palestinians

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615912
eISBN:
9780226616100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616100.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter illuminates the liturgical function of the Days of Awe in the Jewish imagination. It extends the meanings of the liminality of the Days of Awe as a lens through which to ... More


“They are not men … they are dead bodies”: From Cannibal to Zombie and Back Again

Chera Kee

in Better Off Dead: The Evolution of the Zombie as Post-Human

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823234462
eISBN:
9780823241255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234462.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter investigates the earliest wave of zombie cinema, and the original mythology that transmitted the zombie to mainstream consciousness around the time of the U.S. occupation of Haiti. ... More


The Children’s Zoo: Elephant Ambassadors and Other Creatures of the Allied Occupation

Ian Jared Miller

in The Nature of the Beasts: Empire and Exhibition at the Tokyo Imperial Zoo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520271869
eISBN:
9780520952102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271869.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

While the wartime zoo was hammered into a ritual altar intended to generate consent and spur personal sacrifice, the postwar zoo was rebuilt under the US-led Allied Occupation of Japan (1945–1952) ... More


Memories and Narratives of Japan’s War

Yukiko Koshiro

in Imperial Eclipse: Japan's Strategic Thinking about Continental Asia before August 1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451805
eISBN:
9780801467752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451805.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter points to inaccuracies in the portrayal of American occupation's narrative on that the end of Japan's war and of the Japanese empire. After the surrender, even while under American ... More


Behind the Curtain

Dayna L. Barnes

in Architects of Occupation: American Experts and Planning for Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501703089
eISBN:
9781501707841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703089.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Allied occupation of Japan. Between 1939 and 1945, American policymakers decided to reorient rather than punish postwar Japan. They hoped to ... More


The Imperatives of Waste

Eiko Maruko Siniawer

in Waste: Consuming Postwar Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501725845
eISBN:
9781501725852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501725845.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the poverty of the immediate postwar, waste of various kinds was considered dangerous and uncivilized, and waste consciousness was seen as a necessity. Whether it was making the most of food or ... More


On the Form’s Edge: Adaniya Masayoshi’s Abstract Paintings and Biopolitics in US-Occupied Okinawa

Mayumo Inoue

in Beyond Imperial Aesthetics: Theories of Art and Politics in East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9789888455874
eISBN:
9789882204294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888455874.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This essay looks at postwar painter Adaniya Masayoshi's abstract landscape paintings of U.S. military bases in Okinawa in the 1960s as well as the painter's own theoretically sophisticated ... More


Continuity and Change in Hollywood’s Representations of American-Asian Relations in War and Peace

Robert Brent Toplin

in Divided Lenses: Screen Memories of War in East Asia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824851514
eISBN:
9780824869045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824851514.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

In “Continuity and Change in Hollywood’s Representations of American-Asian Relations in War and Peace” Toplin examines Japanese, Chinese, and to a lesser extent, Korean characters in American films ... More


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