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William Grant Still: A Study in Contradictions

Catherine Parsons Smith

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520215429
eISBN:
9780520921573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520215429.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

During the 1930s and 1940s William Grant Still (1895–1978) was known as the “Dean of Afro-American Composers.” He worked as an arranger for early radio, on Broadway, and in Hollywood; major symphony ... More


The American Occupation and Agents of Reeducation 1945–1950

Amy C. Beal

in New Music, New Allies: American Experimental Music in West Germany from the Zero Hour to Reunification

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520247550
eISBN:
9780520932814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247550.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter surveys American music's role during the initial period of occupation and reconstruction up to the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany and the official division of East and ... More


Calling the Tune: The Los Angeles Federal Music Project

Catherine Parsons Smith

in Making Music in Los Angeles: Transforming the Popular

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520251397
eISBN:
9780520933835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251397.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter introduces the Los Angeles Federal Music Project (FMP), which partially solved the unemployment problem of musicians in Los Angeles during the Great Depression, first describing the ... More


Nationalism

Arthur Berger

in Reflections of an American Composer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232518
eISBN:
9780520928213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232518.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter discusses the views of American composers on the national character of music in America, and the development of nationalism in American music. Since about the mid-1920s American ... More


Mavericks

James Wierzbicki

in Music in the Age of Anxiety: American Music in the Fifties

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040078
eISBN:
9780252098277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040078.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on the concept of “maverick,” a term as American as the Stars and Stripes that the notion of the “maverick composer” is likewise unique to the United States. An important handful ... More


George Gershwin: “Fifiy Years of American Music…Younger Composers, Freed from European Influences, Labor toward Achieving a Distinctive American Musical Idiom” (1929)

Robert Wyatt and John Andrew Johnson

in The George Gershwin Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327113
eISBN:
9780199851249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327113.003.0035
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter presents an essay by George Gershwin regarding fifty years of American music, which was published in the November 1929 issue of American Hebrew. In this essay, Gershwin suggests that it ... More


Introduction: West Germany and the American Experimental Tradition

Amy C. Beal

in New Music, New Allies: American Experimental Music in West Germany from the Zero Hour to Reunification

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520247550
eISBN:
9780520932814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247550.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This study describes the history of foreign support afforded to American experimental music from 1945 to 1990, particularly West Germany. It explains that during the second half of the twentieth ... More


Henry Cowell: A Man Made of Music

Joel Sachs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195108958
eISBN:
9780190268015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195108958.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This book offers the first complete biography of Henry Cowell, one of the most influential figures in twentieth-century American music. Cowell, a major musical innovator of the first half of the ... More


Orientalists and a Crusader

W. Anthony Sheppard

in Revealing Masks: Exotic Influences and Ritualized Performance in Modernist Music Theater

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223028
eISBN:
9780520924741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223028.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

The idea that the world contained undiscovered “musical resources” waiting to be exploited by the composer through encounters with the exotic was central to much twentieth-century American music. ... More


International Tastes vs. American Opportunities

E. Douglas Bomberger

in MacDowell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199899296
eISBN:
9780190268343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199899296.003.0013
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter focuses on MacDowell's opposition to the American Composers' Concert movement. MacDowell returned home at a time when the American public's support for American composers was at an ... More


Introduction

Catherine Parsons Smith

in William Grant Still: A Study in Contradictions

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520215429
eISBN:
9780520921573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520215429.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This introductory chapter discusses William Grant Still, an African American composer best known for his work, the Afro-American Symphony. It takes a look at the Harlem Renaissance and Still's ... More


George Frederick Bristow

Katherine K. Preston

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780252043420
eISBN:
9780252052309
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043420.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

George Frederick Bristow (1825-1898), a pillar of the nineteenth-century New York musical community, was educated, lived, and worked in New York for his entire life. A skilled performer (piano, ... More


Carl Van Vechten: Letter to George Gershwin (February 14, 1924)

Robert Wyatt and John Andrew Johnson

in The George Gershwin Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327113
eISBN:
9780199851249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327113.003.0014
Subject:
Music, Popular

This chapter presents the text of Carl Van Vechten's letter to George Gershwin dated February 14, 1924. This is letter is about Gershwin's successful concert performance in New York. Van Vechten ... More


No Ear for Music: The Scary Purity of John Cage

Richard Taruskin

in The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520249776
eISBN:
9780520942790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249776.003.0034
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter focuses on the achievements of American composer John Cage, and reasons for his notoriety and being famous. People often wrote him off as a jester, with his homemade instruments, his ... More


Musical Triumphs, 1937–42

Elizabeth B. Crist and Wayne Shirley (eds)

in The Selected Correspondence of Aaron Copland

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300111217
eISBN:
9780300133479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300111217.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter looks at a period in Aaron Copeland's life that would be his busiest and most productive. It highlights several events and accomplishments that Copeland went through during these years ... More


American Composition or Americanist Music

Joel Sachs

in Henry Cowell: A Man Made of Music

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195108958
eISBN:
9780190268015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195108958.003.0024
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter considers the debate over the definition of “American” music, a complex issue entangling art with patriotism. While American painters and writers had achieved international recognition ... More


Conclusion: From Darmstadt to Halberstadt

Amy C. Beal

in New Music, New Allies: American Experimental Music in West Germany from the Zero Hour to Reunification

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520247550
eISBN:
9780520932814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247550.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the acceptance of American experimental music in West Germany. It explains that in the forty-five years after the war, American ... More


Robert Ashley

Kyle Gann

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252035494
eISBN:
9780252094569
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252035494.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This book explores the life and works of Robert Ashley, one of the leading American composers of the post-Cage generation. Ashley's innovations began in the 1960s when he, along with Alvin Lucier, ... More


Rapprochement or Friendly Takeover?

Arthur Berger

in Reflections of an American Composer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232518
eISBN:
9780520928213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232518.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

The chapter elucidates the friendly takeover of the world of contemporary composition by the serialists. In the 1950s the two leading camps in the world of contemporary composition, the followers of ... More


Preparation: October 1917

E. Douglas Bomberger

in Making Music American: 1917 and the Transformation of Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190872311
eISBN:
9780190872342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872311.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

The Fifteenth Regiment’s disciplined response to racial harassment during a two-week stay at Camp Wadsworth, in Spartanburg, South Carolina, earned it the right to be among the first units ordered to ... More


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