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Research not Otherwise Approvable: A Look at One 407 Protocol

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

CFR section 46.407 of Subpart D of the federal regulations addresses research that is not otherwise approvable. Research is not otherwise approvable because either (1) it seeks to enroll healthy ... More


Screening Faith, Making Muslims: Islamic Media for Muslim American Children and the Politics of Identity Construction

Yasmin Moll

in Educating the Muslims of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195375206
eISBN:
9780199852307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375206.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter addresses the phenomenon of Islamic media production for children in the United States. It analyzes eight video programs and animated pictures geared toward Muslim children between the ... More


W. E. B. Du Bois and the World Citizen

Nicole A. Waligora-Davis

in Sanctuary: African Americans and Empire

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195369915
eISBN:
9780199893379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369915.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

W. E. B. Du Bois’s blueprint for an alternative global democracy—“the fourth dimension”—finds its fullest articulation in the aftermath of two world wars. In Darkwater and Dark Princess, Du Bois ... More


Child Guidance Becomes Child Psychiatry

Alice Boardman Smuts

in Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108972
eISBN:
9780300128475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108972.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows how child guidance became a highly technical medical specialty during the 1930s. Originally conceived as “common-sense psychiatry,” the evolution of child guidance into a uniquely ... More


From captivity to kinship: Native American orphans and sovereignty

Maria Holmgren Troy, Elizabeth Kella, and Helena Wahlström

in Making home: Orphanhood, kinship and cultural memory in contemporary American novels

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719089596
eISBN:
9781781707289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089596.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

While literary representations of indigenous peoples by non-Native writers now appear infrequently outside of popular genres, contemporary Native representations of Native orphan children have become ... More


Caring about Culture

Grace J. Yoo and Barbara W. Kim

in Caring Across Generations: The Linked Lives of Korean American Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814768976
eISBN:
9780814771983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814768976.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explores how adult children of Korean immigrants view their cultural identity and practice cultural traditions while also reclaiming and re-making their culture and interpreting it in ... More


Angels of Mercy: White Women and the History of New York's Colored Orphan Asylum

William Seraile

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823234196
eISBN:
9780823240838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234196.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This book uncovers the history of the Colored Orphan Asylum, founded in New York City in 1836 as the nation's first orphanage for African American children — a remarkable institution that is still in ... More


Remembering the Way into Membership

Jodi Eichler-Levine

in Suffer the Little Children: Uses of the Past in Jewish and African American Children's Literature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814722992
eISBN:
9780814724002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814722992.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the logic underlying most of the Jewish and African American children's literature discussed in this book. It begins with a brief introduction to the histories of Jewish and ... More


American Childhood and the Bomb

Margaret Peacock

in Innocent Weapons: The Soviet and American Politics of Childhood in the Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618579
eISBN:
9781469618593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618579.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on how images of children were used by antinuclear groups to spur change in American foreign policy. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, children were seen as likely casualties of ... More


Children and Youth in a New Nation

James Marten (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814757420
eISBN:
9780814759851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814757420.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In the early years of the Republic, as Americans tried to determine what it meant to be an American, they also wondered what it meant to be an American child. A defensive, even fearful, approach to ... More


“Qualify them for the duties of life”

Megan Birk

in Fostering on the Farm: Child Placement in the Rural Midwest

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039249
eISBN:
9780252097294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039249.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the child welfare situation in the Midwest, including the transition of care from poor farms to children-only institutions. Beginning in the mid-1870s but increasing ... More


Deprivation and Intellectual Disability: From “Mild Mental Retardation” to Resegregation

Mical Raz

in What's Wrong with the Poor?: Psychiatry, Race, and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469608877
eISBN:
9781469612669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469608877.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines how deprivation became an accepted etiological factor for intellectual disability, appearing in all the major classifications of the time and readily adopted by psychiatrists. ... More


“I Don’t Have Much in Common with My Cousin”

Frans J. Schryer

in They Never Come Back: A Story of Undocumented Workers from Mexico

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453144
eISBN:
9780801455124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453144.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter looks at the social and cultural divide between migrants' children who were raised in the United States and those born in Mexico. The gradual erosion of ties between migrants from the ... More


The Unbearable Lightness of Exodus

Jodi Eichler-Levine

in Suffer the Little Children: Uses of the Past in Jewish and African American Children's Literature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814722992
eISBN:
9780814724002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814722992.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the presence of the trope of exodus in Jewish and African American children's literature, ranging from echoes of exodus in Jewish immigration stories to African American texts ... More


Dwelling in Chosen Nostalgia

Jodi Eichler-Levine

in Suffer the Little Children: Uses of the Past in Jewish and African American Children's Literature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814722992
eISBN:
9780814724002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814722992.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores how domestic imagery figures in the telling of Jewish and African American past and an idealized hearthside vision that glosses over moments of trauma. In particular, it ... More


Playing Progressively?: Race, Reform, and Playful Pedagogies in the Origins of Philadelphia’s Starr Garden Recreation Park, 1857–1904

Deborah Valentine

in Children and Youth During the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479894147
eISBN:
9781479804078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479894147.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces the origins of the playground movement in America by presenting the story of Philadelphia's Starr Garden Recreation Park. It first considers philanthropist Theodore Starr's ... More


Riverdale: Trials and Tribulations, 1923–36

William Seraile

in Angels of Mercy: White Women and the History of New York's Colored Orphan Asylum

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823234196
eISBN:
9780823240838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234196.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

The beginning of 1923 found the Colored Orphan Asylum in a financial crunch, an all-too-familiar situation. The boarding-out report for 1923 acknowledged both progress and problems. The boarding-out ... More


Introduction

James Marten

in Children and Youth in a New Nation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814757420
eISBN:
9780814759851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814757420.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This introductory chapter briefly charts the origins and history of the American child as a concept, and how this has been formulated during the years between 1840 and the American Revolution. ... More


From Juvenile Delinquency Research to Child Guidance

Alice Boardman Smuts

in Science in the Service of Children, 1893-1935

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108972
eISBN:
9780300128475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108972.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes how the Hull House residents and Chicago clubwomen led the campaign to establish the first juvenile court in the nation in 1899. Ten years later they arranged for an ... More


Respectful Deference: Conformity Revisited

Paul L. Harris and Kathleen H. Corriveau

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The Asch paradigm has often been used to measure “conformity” among adults. Researchers recently developed a child-friendly version that has produced similar results, with three- to four-year-olds ... More


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