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Organized Labor's Health Benefits

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter studies trade unions and how they helped promote the emerging private health insurance system, showing that the trade unions also led the drive for Medicare and disability insurance. It ... More


Regulation of Physicians and Other Health Care Professionals

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents the regulatory structure for health care professionals with an emphasis on physicians. It traces the history of the formalization of the medical profession, initiated by the ... More


How the Government Created the Medical Profession

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

American physicians have not always enjoyed the high incomes and social standing they do today. The American Medical Association worked with state governments in the late nineteenth and early ... More


The Anti-Code Revolt: Laissez-Faire Medical Ethics, 1876–1979

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the transformation of the American Medical Association's (AMA) instrument of ethical self-regulation—the 1847 Code of Medical Ethics—from an icon of professional pride into a ... More


Professional Medical Ethics, 1848–1875: Abortion, Inquisition, and Exclusion

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter looks at when the American Medical Association (AMA) introduced content into the yet-to-be defined concepts of “professionalism” and “professional ethics” that it inherited when it ... More


The Guinea Pigs’ Revolt

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the emergence of a new kind of medical consumerism in the 1930s as an alternative to the “marriage of medicine and business” that made Americans unwitting “guinea pigs.” Before ... More


Monopoly and Ethics in the Antebellum Years

Joseph M. Gabriel

in Medical Monopoly: Intellectual Property Rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226108186
eISBN:
9780226108216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108216.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines patents and trademarks in the antebellum period as it applied to the drug market. It argues that most manufacturers did not obtain patents on their goods, and that patent ... More


Explaining the Birth of Bioethics, 1947–1999

Robert Baker

in Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics from the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199774111
eISBN:
9780199369508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774111.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows how the American Medical Association's failure to address not only the ethics of human subjects research but a host of other ethical issues confronting post-World War II American ... More


Medical Education: Teaching Doctors to Be Trustworthy

Jordan J. Cohen

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Physician trustworthiness is the best protection against error-prone modern healthcare. This chapter discusses how medical education can nurture and sustain trustworthiness in future physicians using ... More


Sanitary Reform

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Cleanliness sidled up to godliness, and the sanitarian movement was born around the middle of the nineteenth century. Sanitarianism was viewed as a battle against a grave social problem. The sanitary ... More


Shopping Mall Medicine

Nancy Tomes

in Remaking the American Patient: How Madison Avenue and Modern Medicine Turned Patients into Consumers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622774
eISBN:
9781469622798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622774.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on what New York Times reporter Milt Freudenheim called “shopping mall medicine,” dedicated to providing quick and convenient service to patients every day of the week. It traces ... More


The Formation Of The Ama, The Creation Of Quacks

Owen Whooley

in Knowledge in the Time of Cholera: The Struggle over American Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226017464
eISBN:
9780226017778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017778.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the allopathic response to the democratic challenges of alternative medical sects, particularly homeopathy. It describes the formation of the American Medical Association (AMA) ... More


Flexner's Report and Blumer's Deanship: The Defining Years

Gerard N. Burrow

in A History of Yale's School of Medicine: Passing Torches to Others

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092073
eISBN:
9780300132885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092073.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter describes how two items of business during an otherwise uneventful Yale Corporation meeting on March 21, 1910 shaped the future success of the medical school. “The Secretary read the ... More


Taking the Audience’s Pulse

Marcel Chotkowski Lafollette

in Science on American Television: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226921990
eISBN:
9780226922010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922010.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the television broadcasting of medicine in the United States. It discusses the role of the American Medical Association in the sponsorship and financing of medical dramas, and ... More


The Second Path to PAD: Passing Legislation Allowing Death with Dignity

Howard Ball

in At Liberty to Die: The Battle for Death with Dignity in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791042
eISBN:
9780814769751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791042.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the alternative strategy of those advocating physician-assisted death (PAD): passing legislation that allows death with dignity. It begins with an overview of the slippery slope ... More


The Roles and Responsibilities of Physicians in Patients’ Decisions about Unproven Stem Cell Therapies §

Aaron D. Levine and Leslie E. Wolf

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter looks at travel aimed at accessing experimental stem cell therapies that may not be available or legal in the patient's home country, so-called “stem cell tourism.” It uses interviews ... More


Health Care Viewed through the Lens of Information

David Sarokin and Jay Schulkin

in Missed Information: Better Information for Building a Wealthier, More Sustainable Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034920
eISBN:
9780262336253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034920.003.0004
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The U.S. health care system is driven as much by centralized bureaucracies as by market dynamics and suffers from information shortcomings as a result. Neither patients nor healthcare providers have ... More


5 The Second Path to PAD: Passing Legislation Allowing Death with Dignity

Howard Ball

in At Liberty to Die: The Battle for Death with Dignity in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791042
eISBN:
9780814769751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791042.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the alternative strategy of those advocating physician-assisted death (PAD): passing legislation that allows death with dignity. It begins with an overview of the slippery ... More


So Different: The Asylum and the Civil War

Wendy Gonaver

in The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840-1880

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648446
eISBN:
9781469648460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648446.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at the transformation of asylum care that was initiated by the Civil War. At the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, the biggest change came after the suicide of Superintendent John M. Galt ... More


No Peculiar Strictness Is Observed: Slavery and Innovation

Wendy Gonaver

in The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840-1880

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648446
eISBN:
9781469648460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648446.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the life and writings of Superintendent John M Galt, and argues that the experience of heading an asylum in the United States South and the example of slaves hiring out prompted ... More


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