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“Germany Belongs in the Western World”: Germany and Consensus Politics in America, 1945–1959

Brian C. Etheridge

in Enemies To Allies: Cold War Germany and American Memory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166407
eISBN:
9780813166636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166407.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter shows how coalitions formed around different understandings of Germany in the early postwar period. Once decided upon a policy of rehabilitation toward Germany, the American government ... More


“The Anti-German Wave”: Maintaining and Challenging Consensus in an Age of Chaos, 1959–1969

Brian C. Etheridge

in Enemies To Allies: Cold War Germany and American Memory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166407
eISBN:
9780813166636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166407.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter illustrates that during the late 1950s and early 1960s, a number of factors changed the sociopolitical landscape both abroad and at home. Although the U.S.-German relationship became ... More


From Homeland to Statehood

Adam M. Howard

in Sewing the Fabric of Statehood: Garment Unions, American Labor, and the Establishment of the State of Israel

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780252041464
eISBN:
9780252050060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041464.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The 1939 McDonald White Paper proved calamitous for European Jews as it severely limited immigration to Palestine. This led the AFL and the recently formed CIO to pressure the British government to ... More


Return, Relief, and Rehabilitation

David H. Weinberg

in Recovering a Voice: West European Jewry After the Holocaust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764104
eISBN:
9781800340961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764104.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the start of the relief effort for the Jews of post-war France, Belgium, and the Netherlands after the Second World War. The initial strategy devised by the American Jewish ... More


The Battle Begins: World War I and the End of Open Immigration from Europe

Maddalena Marinari

in Unwanted: Italian and Jewish Mobilization against Restrictive Immigration Laws, 1882-1965

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469652931
eISBN:
9781469652955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652931.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

The first chapter examines Italian and Jewish immigrants’ efforts to oppose proposed restrictions on new immigrants from eastern and southern Europe from the passage of the 1882 Immigration Act to ... More


The Survival of Yidishkeyt: The Impact of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee on Jewish Education in Poland, 1945—1989

Anna Sommer Schneider

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 30: Jewish Education in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764500
eISBN:
9781800343429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764500.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at the efforts of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) that worked with and around the Polish communist state after the war. It mentions educational institutions ... More


Holocaustomania: West German Diplomats and American Holocaust Memorial Culture in the Late 1970s

Jacob S. Eder

in Holocaust Angst: The Federal Republic of Germany and American Holocaust Memory since the 1970s

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190237820
eISBN:
9780190237851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190237820.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

This chapter offers a detailed assessment of how West German politicians and diplomats stationed in the United States perceived and reacted to a significant shift in American Holocaust discourse at ... More


Confronting the Church (1961–1964)

Edward K. Kaplan

in Spiritual Radical: Abraham Joshua Heschel in America, 1940-1972

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300115406
eISBN:
9780300137699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300115406.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the years during which Heschel was achieving national prominence as a public intellectual. Simultaneously, he was also playing a largely confidential role in a great ... More


A Holocaust Syndrome?: Relations between the Federal Republic and American Jewish Organizations in the 1980s

Jacob S. Eder

in Holocaust Angst: The Federal Republic of Germany and American Holocaust Memory since the 1970s

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190237820
eISBN:
9780190237851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190237820.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

This chapter examines the relationship between the Kohl government and the American Jewish community during the 1980s. Helmut Kohl wanted to “normalize” West Germans’ relationship to the Nazi past. ... More


“Guide And Motivator” or “Central Treasury”? The “Joint” in France, 1942–19441

Laura Hobson Faure

in Resisting Genocide: The Multiple Forms of Rescue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333493
eISBN:
9780190235628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores how the territorial level of administration influenced the rescue of Jews in France during World War II. More specifically, it examines how the American Jewish Joint ... More


Flirting with the Right

Andrew Feffer

in Bad Faith: Teachers, Liberalism, and the Origins of McCarthyism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780823281169
eISBN:
9780823285969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281169.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

In this chapter, the role of anti-Semitism in the Coudert probe is explored. Of the teachers and staff targeted by the investigation, a disproportionate number were Jewish, prompting critics to argue ... More


‘The Extreme Non-Zionist, Apolitical Concept of Jewish Public Life’: Petitions, Human Rights, Standing, and Representation

Rotem Giladi

in Jews, Sovereignty, and International Law: Ideology and Ambivalence in Early Israeli Legal Diplomacy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198857396
eISBN:
9780191890215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857396.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Public International Law

Chapter 3—the second to explore the theme Voice—considers Shabtai Rosenne’s response to Hersch Lauterpacht’s reproach of Israel’s aversion to the individual right of petition. Rosenne castigated ... More


Taking It to the Streets

in Henry Ford's War on Jews and the Legal Battle Against Hate Speech

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804772341
eISBN:
9780804783736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772341.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In December 1920, the American Jewish Committee (AJC) published a pamphlet, “The Protocols, Bolshevism, and the Jews,” in response to the anti-Semitic articles that appeared in Henry Ford's newspaper ... More


Yiddish Publishing in the Soviet Union, 1953–1991

Gennady Estraikh

in Textual Transmission in Contemporary Jewish Cultures

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197516485
eISBN:
9780197516515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197516485.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religious Studies

In the fall of 1956, a group of British Communists visited the Soviet Union. As did a number of other delegations and individual visitors of the time, they sought to examine the extent of progress of ... More


Lauterpacht in Jerusalem: Individual Petition and the Politics of Jewish Representation

Rotem Giladi

in Jews, Sovereignty, and International Law: Ideology and Ambivalence in Early Israeli Legal Diplomacy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198857396
eISBN:
9780191890215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857396.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Public International Law

This is the first of two chapters to explore the theme voice underscoring Israel’s ambivalence towards the right of petition in the draft Human Rights Covenant: the right of individuals to present ... More


Document

Craig Robertson

in The Passport in America: The History of a Document

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199927579
eISBN:
9780190254568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927579.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines how the United States passport assumed an unprecedented degree of public recognition as a certificate of citizenship and a national symbol. It first considers “the passport ... More


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