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The Turn Away from Historical Authority in the Archives

Francis X. Blouin Jr. and William G. Rosenberg

in Processing the Past: Contesting Authorities in History and the Archives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740543
eISBN:
9780199894673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740543.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography, History of Ideas

This chapter continues to examine the changing relationships between archivists and historical scholars but now from the archivists’ perspective. It looks closely at the challenges archives began to ... More


Public History: Past and Present

Spencer R. Crew

in The Organization of American Historians and the Writing and Teaching of American History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199790562
eISBN:
9780199896820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790562.003.0032
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the “clash of values” between academic and public historians. It defines the similarities and differences between them and the reasons for the formation of separate ... More


Establishing a Framework for “Scientific” History Scholarship

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Herbert Baxter Adams, the first secretary of the American Historical Association (AHA), declared that its creation ushered in “a new historical movement” that would set the stage for “modern” and ... More


Developing the Tools and Materials of History Research

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

After spending nearly twenty-five years in academia, J. Franklin Jameson left his position at the University of Chicago in 1904 to work at the Carnegie Institution of Washington’s Department of ... More


History Teaching Finds: Its Own Voice

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

As as result of the increasing diversity of the students, schools, and other participants in the educational system after 1910, academics gradually felt alienated from the professional aspects of ... More


Historical and Political Science at the Johns Hopkins University: Historicist Science, Liberalism, and the Founding of National Associations

Robert Adcock

in Liberalism and the Emergence of American Political Science: A Transatlantic Tale

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199333622
eISBN:
9780199370146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333622.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The first half of this chapter examines the department of historical and political science at the new Johns Hopkins University. It identifies the multiple currents of historicist science brought ... More


Handing Tools and Materials Over to Others

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

After 1926, differences within the historical enterprise began to take a more concrete shape. Members of the American Historical Association (AHA) based in archives and historical societies began to ... More


Seeking Refuge in Professionalized Scholarship

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

By 1910 it became clear to leaders of the historical enterprise that it was difficult to view history as a unified discipline. This was due to broad arguments for a “New History” and the growing ... More


Placing the Tools and Materials of Research in “Other Hands”

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Between 1910 and 1925, the American Historical Association (AHA) began to show a keen interest in the work of other historical institutions. Subtle changes in professional resources and networks ... More


The Crisis of the “Research Men”

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

After 1925, the American Historical Association (AHA) narrowed its responsibilities and focused on being a professional organization intended primarily for “research men”—that is, historians with ... More


Teaching Goes Its Own Way, 1925–1940

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The “research men” and those who considered themselves teachers, diverged professionally as the professional literature and networks became more distinct and as they coexisted amid the growing number ... More


Defining a Profession of History Teaching

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Teaching in schools was instrumental in establishing history as a profession. The impetus for the American Historical Association (AHA) arose in large part from the emergence of history after the ... More


Introduction

Carol Bonomo Albright and Joanna Clapps Herman

in Wild Dreams: The Best of Italian Americana

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823229109
eISBN:
9780823241057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229109.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

In 1974 Richard Gambino, together with Ernest Falbo and Bruno Arcudi, founded Italian Americana. This historical and cultural journal followed the wave of interest in Italian Americans that had been ... More


Introduction

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book explores history in the context of an expanded vision of the historical enterprise. It looks at a number of separate microprofessionalization projects in history that contributed to the ... More


Conclusion

Robert B. Townsend

in History's Babel: Scholarship, Professionalization, and the Historical Enterprise in the United States, 1880 - 1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226923925
eISBN:
9780226923949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923949.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The fragmentation of large areas of history work into separate professional organizations in the late 1930s led to the demise of the historical enterprise. Although the various history professions ... More


Public Service

Robert Dallek

in Democrat and Diplomat: The Life of William E. Dodd

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199946938
eISBN:
9780190254599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199946938.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on William Dodd's opposition to dissent against World War I and his desire to contribute more directly to the United States's war effort, particularly in the area of public ... More


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