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Inequality and White Supremacy

Carol A. Horton

in Race and the Making of American Liberalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195143485
eISBN:
9780199850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143485.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The successive collapses of the Knights of Labor and Populism during the 1880s–90s officially ended producer republicanism in the United States. In particular, the presidential election of 1896 ... More


Antiwar Cultures of the AFL, the Debate over Preparedness, and the Gompers Turnabout

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the internal political debate that raged within the American Federation of Labor (AFL) over Woodrow Wilson's policies toward the European war between 1914 and 1917. It first ... More


Labor Networks

Robert C. McGreevey

in Borderline Citizens: The United States, Puerto Rico, and the Politics of Colonial Migration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501716140
eISBN:
9781501716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501716140.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how many in the Puerto Rican working class sought to become recognized as full citizens of the United States in order to win labor protections. Labor leaders on the mainland and ... More


Making the World Safe for Workers?: The AFL, Wilson, and the Creation of the ILO at Versailles

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the role of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and Woodrow Wilson in the creation of the International Labor Organization (ILO) as an affiliate to the League of Nations at ... More


The Knights and the Unions

Steven Parfitt

in Knights Across the Atlantic: The Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781781383186
eISBN:
9781786944030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781383186.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

Between 1880 and the 1900 the British labour movement started to become a truly mass movement. British, Irish and American Knights all played a role in that transformation. This chapter explores how ... More


Strike!: The Radical Insurrections of Ellen Dawson

David Lee McMullen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034867
eISBN:
9780813038674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034867.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book is a biography of Ellen Dawson (1900–1967), a Scottish woman who participated in three of the largest and most dramatic textile strikes in U.S. history—Passaic, New Jersey; New Bedford, ... More


Organizing the Sexual Division of Labor: Historical Perspectives on “Women’s Work” and the American Labor Movement

Ruth Milkman

in On Gender, Labor, and Inequality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040320
eISBN:
9780252098581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040320.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter examines the effects of union organization on women workers and sexual division of labor, focusing on the 1930s and 1940s along with earlier developments in U.S. women's labor history. ... More


The AFL, International Labor Politics, and Labor Dissent in 1918

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the Wilson administration's reliance on the advice and diplomacy of American Federation of Labor (AFL) leaders and prowar Socialists in dealing with the European Left throughout ... More


Introduction

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book explores the corporatist alliance between President Woodrow Wilson and the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and how it sparked debates over his foreign policy programs within labor ... More


Economic Crisis and Class Hegemony: The Rule of Downtown

Chris Rhomberg

in No There There: Race, Class, and Political Community in Oakland

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236189
eISBN:
9780520940888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236189.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter investigates the shift of social and political conflict to the central axis of class. It outlines the structural impacts of the Depression on the Oakland population. Facing economic ... More


Working-Class Collective Agency: The General Strike and Labor Insurgency

Chris Rhomberg

in No There There: Race, Class, and Political Community in Oakland

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236189
eISBN:
9780520940888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236189.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explores the events leading up to and during the General Strike, and the political mobilization that followed. Structural and conjunctural forces were to push local actors toward a ... More


“Not to Save the Union but to ‘Free the Slaves’”: Black Labor Activism and Community Politics during the New Negro Era

Shannon King

in Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479811274
eISBN:
9781479866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811274.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the development of black labor activism from World War I to the Great Depression. Given that the city's diverse manufacturing sector was filled with whites and white immigrant ... More


The Mexican Revolution as Catalyst

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how the Mexican revolution helped to catalyze a debate within U.S. labor, Socialist, and immigrant Left circles over Woodrow Wilson's internationalist principles that would grow ... More


Prosperous, Independent Rural-Industrial Workers

Lou Martin

in Smokestacks in the Hills: Rural-Industrial Workers in West Virginia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039454
eISBN:
9780252097560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039454.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter explores the variety of methods used by semiskilled operatives and unskilled laborers to improve their working conditions and to extract better wages and benefits from their employers ... More


We Are Labor Too

Sekou M. Franklin

in After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the labor movement's recruitment of young people, particularly African Americans, in support of economic justice initiatives. Movement bridge-builders in the labor movement ... More


“The Spirit and Strategy of the United Front”: Randolph and the National Negro Congress, 1936–1940

Erik S. Gellman

in Reframing Randolph: Labor, Black Freedom, and the Legacies of A. Philip Randolph

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814785942
eISBN:
9780814724477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814785942.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores Randolph's involvement in the National Negro Congress (NNC), and how the organization's history provides a compelling example of the internal frictions that would eventually ... More


Working on the Line

James Wolfinger

in Running the Rails: Capital and Labor in the Philadelphia Transit Industry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702402
eISBN:
9781501704239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702402.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers Philadelphia's transit workers: their daily work, their relations with the system's owners, and their early efforts at unionization. Transit workers faced harsh conditions on ... More


The Fight over Revocation

Clarence Taylor

in Reds at the Blackboard: Communism, Civil Rights, and the New York City Teachers Union

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152693
eISBN:
9780231526487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152693.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on a crucial period in the history of the New York City Teachers Union (TU): the revocation of its charter. The mid-1930s through early 1940s was a very difficult period for the ... More


Dialectical Relationships: Collaboration and Resistance in Wartime

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the themes of collaboration and resistance during the period of U.S. belligerency. It first considers the controversy over the Root diplomatic mission, led by American ... More


Return to the States

Timothy K. Nenninger and Charles Pelot Summerall

in The Way of Duty, Honor, Country: The Memoir of General Charles Pelot Summerall

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126180
eISBN:
9780813135649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126180.003.0026
Subject:
History, Military History

After three years in the islands, the War Department issued orders relieving Charles Summerall of command of the Hawaiian Department and ordering him to assume command of the Eighth Corps Area with ... More


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