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Languages of the Amazon: a bird's-eye view

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

We define the limits of Amazonia, and focus on a potted history of peopling of Amazonia and the issue of how many original inhabitants there were before the disastrous effects of the European ... More


The Languages of the Amazon

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Languages of the Amazon basin are among the most fascinating in the world. This is where one finds unusual sounds, unexpected ways of classifying nouns, elaborate positional verbs, to name just a few ... More


Building words

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter addresses the structure and make-up of words in Amazonian languages. We start with their typological profile, and what kinds of morphemes words consist of. There are no isolating ... More


Cultural phylogenetics in lowland South America

Robert S. Walker

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Comparative phylogenetic analyses based on linguistic data are useful for reconstructing the cultural evolution of recent expansions of humans around the world. It is an exciting time for ... More


Areal diffusion and the limits of grammaticalization: An Amazonian perspective

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in Grammaticalization from a Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198795841
eISBN:
9780191837036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795841.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

Intensive contact brings about diffusion of grammatical categories. Grammaticalization of lexical items is one of the mechanisms at play as languages converge and new categories develop. In a ... More


‘Me’, ‘us’, and ‘others’: Expressing the self in Arawak languages of South America, with a focus on Tariana

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in Expressing the Self: Cultural Diversity and Cognitive Universals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198786658
eISBN:
9780191828966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786658.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The Arawak language family is the largest in South America in terms of its geographical spread, with over forty extant languages. Arawak languages are spoken in at least ten locations north of the ... More


When women and men speak differently

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter focuses on conventionalized registers or genderlects, also known as ‘women’s speech’ and ‘men’s speech’ (where gender indexicals systematically span phonological, morphological, and ... More


The grammatical representation of commands and prohibitions in Aguaruna

Simon E. Overall

in Commands: A Cross-Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198803225
eISBN:
9780191841415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803225.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

Aguaruna (Chicham) has a clear set of grammatical categories that are required for a verb to form part of an independent clause. These include aspect, tense, person, and mood. The formal marking of ... More


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