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Moderate Epistemological Foundationalism

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Alvin Plantinga's moderate foundationalism is rooted philosophically in Thomas Reid's common‐sense realism, while its theological background is found in the emphasis within Reformed theology upon ... More


Theology in Search of Foundations

Randal Rauser

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The justification of theology within the public square remains a matter of pressing concern. After the dissolution of Christendom, a number of Christian philosophers sought to justify theology ... More


Responses to Evidential Ambiguity: Isolationist and Reformed Epistemologies

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers whether fideism might be avoided through alternative approaches to the (assumed) evidential ambiguity of theism. Isolationist (Wittgensteinian) epistemology (often linked to ... More


Naturalizing Supernaturalism

Phillip Wiebe

in God and Other Spirits: Intimations of Transcendence in Christian Experience

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195140125
eISBN:
9780199835492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140125.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers competitor views concerning the existence of God, including: (a) the claim of Alvin Plantinga that God is “properly basic” and is not subject to having evidence adduced for or ... More


Theology as Foundational and Analytic

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The best hope to revive theology with the attendant questions of warrant is found in a broadly realist account of theological enquiry which grounds the rigour and integrity of theological argument. ... More


Modal Realism

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The models studied in modal logic are set theoretical structures. So one can regard the model theory of modal logic as a branch of set theory. The philosophical question arises: what is the ... More


Epistemology in Philosophy of Religion

Philip L. Quinn

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Epistemology in Philosophy of Religion,” Philip Quinn focuses on the central problem of religious epistemology for monotheistic religions: the epistemic status of belief in the existence of God. ... More


Faculties

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Faculties are the innate basis of our powers to do things; intellectual faculties are the innate basis of our intellectual powers — our abilities to acquire, refine, and transmit intellectual goods. ... More


And Not Antifoundationalism Either

Jason A. Springs

in Toward a Generous Orthodoxy: Prospects for Hans Frei's Postliberal Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395044
eISBN:
9780199866243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395044.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frei's appeals to the "givenness" of revelation-the claim, for instance, that all doctrines or theological assertions are directly or indirectly grounded in faith, or that faith is rational in that ... More


The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Chapter 3, Alvin Plantinga’s reformed objection to natural theology is explained, according to which ‘the full panoply of Christian beliefs’ may be ‘properly basic’ if God exists. On his Extended ... More


Faith and Foundationalism

Paul Helm

in Faith with Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

One currently prominent epistemological strategy used to explore the rationality of religious belief is associated with ‘Reformed’ epistemology, a form of foundationalism which argues that it is ... More


Defending the Radical Center

Keith Parsons

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Because science claims to offer objective knowledge that transcends sectarian bias, it stands in a “middle” position between extremist ideologies of both the left and the right. Contrary to the ... More


Authoritarian Epistemology

Richard Feldman

in Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Several recently defended views give a central role in the nature of epistemic justification to some kind of authority. In one version, the authority is oneself were one to reflect extremely ... More


Merely Possible Propositions

Robert Stalnaker

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues that some propositions exist only contingently. Among the contingently existing propositions are ‘possible worlds’, which are understood as maximal consistent propositions. The ... More


An Evolutionary Objection to the Argument from Evil

Thomas M. Crisp

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

‘The argument from evil’, say, is any argument that concludes to the non-existence of God from premises citing facts about the existence, distribution or amount of evils contained in the world. This ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


Suffering, Theodicy, and Defense

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the project of the book, which is an examination of the problem of evil and an attempt to give a defence with respect to the argument from evil. It examines the nature of ... More


Transworld Identity

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter takes up various attempts to state the problem of transworld identity. It explores various responses to such statements. The responses to be considered are: Graeme Forbes's propagule ... More


Religious Experience and the Question of Whether Belief in God Requires Evidence

Evans C. Stephen

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that George Mavrodes’ account of religious experience helps us to see the value of both Reformed epistemology’s contention that belief in God can be ‘properly basic’ and ... More


Divine Simplicity

William E. Mann

in God, Modality, and Morality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199370764
eISBN:
9780199373635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370764.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Moral Philosophy

Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas argued that God is perfectly simple, having no metaphysical parts of components. On this view true predications with “God” as subject, such as “God is powerful” and ... More


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