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Kennedy ’s Alliance for Progress, 1961–1965

Tony Smith

in America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154923
eISBN:
9781400842025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines John F. Kennedy's efforts to foster democracy and social justice in Latin America during the period 1961–1965 through an initiative known as the Alliance for Progress. The ... More


A New Deal for the New Frontier: From Kennedy to Johnson

Thomas Tunstall Allcock

in Thomas C. Mann: President Johnson, the Cold War, and the Restructuring of Latin American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176154
eISBN:
9780813176185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176154.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter studies the tumultuous period 1960–1964, focusing largely on developments in Washington, and incorporating analysis of Kennedy’s management of the Alliance and Lyndon Johnson’s tragic ... More


The Good Neighbor Returns?: Panama, Brazil, and the Alliance for Progress

Thomas Tunstall Allcock

in Thomas C. Mann: President Johnson, the Cold War, and the Restructuring of Latin American Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176154
eISBN:
9780813176185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176154.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 studies Johnson’s and Mann’s handling of Latin American policy in the first full year of the new administration. Beginning with a major international crisis in the Panama Canal Zone in ... More


Development as Anticommunism: The Targeting of Bolivian Labor

Thomas C. Field

in From Development to Dictatorship: Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452604
eISBN:
9780801470455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452604.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter follows the Alliance for Progress program in Bolivia through its first two years, as perennial political crises drove an increasingly authoritarian approach to economic development. In ... More


The Western Hemisphere: The Alliance for Progress, Cuba and the Dominican Republic

Jonathan Colman

in The Foreign Policy of Lyndon B. Johnson: The United States and the World, 1963-69

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640133
eISBN:
9780748652693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640133.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines several aspects of American policy in the Western Hemisphere. It explores Johnson's involvement in the Alliance for Progress, a US-sponsored body set up by John F. Kennedy in ... More


“Bitter Medicine”: Military Civic Action and the Battle of Irupata

Thomas C. Field

in From Development to Dictatorship: Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452604
eISBN:
9780801470455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452604.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter demonstrates the dual process by which President John F. Kennedy's Alliance for Progress improved President Víctor Paz's efforts to maintain Bolivia's noncommunist orientation. First, ... More


The Alliance for Progress and JFK Adviser

Bruce L. R. Smith

in Lincoln Gordon: Architect of Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813156552
eISBN:
9780813165455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813156552.003.0013
Subject:
History, Political History

In the summer of 1960, as the Kennedy campaign got under way, Gordon receives a phone call from Adolf Berle, inviting him to be the economist on the Kennedy task force to design the Alliance for ... More


“Mucha Alianza, Poco Progreso”: The Alliance for Progress and the Development of the Third World

Jason C. Parker

in Hearts, Minds, Voices: US Cold War Public Diplomacy and the Formation of the Third World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190251840
eISBN:
9780190251871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190251840.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

The Kennedy administration elevated the Global South, and especially Latin America, to the top of its foreign policy priority list, and promoted modernization as the solution to the economic ... More


Modernization’s Heavy Hand: The Triangular Plan for Bolivia

Thomas C. Field

in From Development to Dictatorship: Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452604
eISBN:
9780801470455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452604.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses President John F. Kennedy's initial encounter with revolutionary Bolivia in 1961. Given that the Soviet Union had offered to provide Bolivia with a long-coveted tin smelter, as ... More


Homeownership as Investment

Nancy H. Kwak

in A World of Homeowners: American Power and the Politics of Housing Aid

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226282350
eISBN:
9780226282497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226282497.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In Latin America, US private interests played a large role in moving housing aid away from support for improved low-income housing, to an emphasis on low-cost housing from the 1960s to the 1990s. By ... More


Thomas C. Mann: President Johnson, the Cold War, and the Restructuring of Latin American Foreign Policy

Thomas Tunstall Allcock

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176154
eISBN:
9780813176185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176154.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

When launching the Alliance for Progress in 1961, John F. Kennedy promised that this new development program would transform Latin America into a community of modern, prosperous, and politically ... More


From Development to Dictatorship: Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era

Thomas C. Jr. Field

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452604
eISBN:
9780801470455
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452604.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

During the most idealistic years of John F. Kennedy's Alliance for Progress development program, Bolivia was the highest per capita recipient of U.S. foreign aid in Latin America. Nonetheless, ... More


Ambassador to Brazil

Bruce L. R. Smith

in Lincoln Gordon: Architect of Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813156552
eISBN:
9780813165455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813156552.003.0014
Subject:
History, Political History

Gordon arrives in Brazil in late 1961 under inauspicious circumstances for what will be his most controversial stint in public service. The Latin American presidents have voiced support for the ... More


Private Homes and Economic Orders

Amy C. Offner

in Sorting Out the Mixed Economy: The Rise and Fall of Welfare and Developmental States in the Americas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691190938
eISBN:
9780691192628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691190938.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses private homes in Latin America. The largest housing project built in Latin America under the Alliance for Progress was a private homeownership venture. Ciudad Kennedy, or ... More


The “Third World War”: U.S.-Argentine Relations, 1960–1976

William Michael Schmidli

in The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere: Human Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451966
eISBN:
9780801469626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451966.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter looks at the U.S.-Argentine relations in 1960–1976. In the early 1960s, Argentine military leaders looked to the French, rather than the Americans, for military assistance and training. ... More


Bearing Burdens

William O. Walker III

in The Rise and Decline of the American Century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726132
eISBN:
9781501726149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726132.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the various obstacles impeding the expansion of the American Century from early 1961 through 1964. Numerous problems, including Laos, Berlin, the Cuban missile crisis, and ... More


Getting Started: A Year of Study

Stephen G. Rabe

in Kissinger and Latin America: Intervention, Human Rights, and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501706295
eISBN:
9781501749476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501706295.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter outlines the state of inter-American relations in the middle of the Cold War. President Richard Nixon came to office in 1969 in the aftermath of the Alliance for Progress, the ambitious ... More


A Cold War Mirage: Puerto Rico in the 1960s and 1970s

Dennis Merrill

in Negotiating Paradise: U.S. Tourism and Empire in Twentieth-Century Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832882
eISBN:
9781469605531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898635_merrill.10
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter charts Puerto Rico's rising stock as a reformist Cold War oasis. Starting in the late 1950s and continuing through the 1970s, Soviet–American tensions and the Cold War slowly eased, and ... More


Revolutionary Bolivia Puts On a Uniform: The 1964 Bolivian Coup d’État

Thomas C. Field

in From Development to Dictatorship: Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452604
eISBN:
9780801470455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452604.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter describes the Bolivian coup d'etat in 1964. With unwavering backing from the liberal Alliance for Progress, President Víctor Paz proceeded to create a development-oriented authoritarian ... More


Assistant Secretary

Bruce L. R. Smith

in Lincoln Gordon: Architect of Cold War Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813156552
eISBN:
9780813165455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813156552.003.0015
Subject:
History, Political History

Secretary of State Rusk visits Brazil in November 1965 and discusses whether Gordon should stay at his post. They tentatively agree that he should stay one more year, but on a home visit in December ... More


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