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The Impact of the War Crimes Tribunals on Corporate Liability for Atrocity Crimes under US Law

David Scheffer

in Corporate Social Responsibility?: Human Rights in the New Global Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226244273
eISBN:
9780226244440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226244440.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Federal courts resort to the jurisprudence of the international war crimes tribunals to interpret and enforce the Alien Tort Statute (ATS) against individuals and corporations. This practice ... More


Alien Tort Statute Litigation

Curtis A. Bradley

in International Law in the U.S. Legal System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217761
eISBN:
9780190217808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217761.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Comparative Law

This chapter considers litigation under the Alien Tort Statute, which provides for jurisdiction over suits brought by aliens for torts in violation of international law. The chapter begins by ... More


Corporations and Human Rights

ANDREW CLAPHAM

in Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199288465
eISBN:
9780191707681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288465.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses various regimes that seek to cover the human rights obligations of corporations: the OECD Guidelines, the ILO Tripartite Declaration, the UN Global Compact, the Norms of the ... More


Meandering Jurisprudence and Unanticipated Legacies: The ICTY’s Reach into Domestic Civil Litigation

Mark Drumbl

in Legacies of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198862956
eISBN:
9780191895531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862956.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Assessments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia’s (ICTY) jurisprudential legacy tend to focus on the ICTY’s relationships with domestic criminal law. This chapter turns a ... More


International Law in Domestic Courts: ATS Litigation and Climate Change

in The Perils of Global Legalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226675749
eISBN:
9780226675923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226675923.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

For global legalists, the ideal dispute-resolution mechanism for international law violations is the international tribunal; but in practice, the most exciting international litigation is taking ... More


American Courts, Global Norms

Martin S. Flaherty

in Restoring the Global Judiciary: Why the Supreme Court Should Rule in U.S. Foreign Affairs

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691179124
eISBN:
9780691186122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179124.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers a phenomenon that has consistently been among the most contentious of modern legal controversies—the application by American courts of international human rights. Recent years ... More


“In Violation of the Law of Nations”: The Romero Assassination Comes to the United States

Matt Eisenbrandt

in Assassination of a Saint: The Plot to Murder Óscar Romero and the Quest to Bring His Killers to Justice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520286795
eISBN:
9780520961890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286795.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In 2001, a man working with the Center for Justice & Accountability (CJA) saw Alvaro Saravia in a lawyer’s office in San Francisco, California, and recognized him as one of Romero’s killers. CJA ... More


Offshoring Experiments, Outsourcing Public Health: Corporate Accountability and State Responsibility for Violating the International Prohibition on Nonconsensual Human Experimentation

Bethany Spielman

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter uses the Kano, Nigeria, pediatric trials of the oral antibiotic Trovan and the litigation it produced to explore the remedies available to individuals suing U.S.-based multinational ... More


Sanction and Socialize: Military Command Responsibility and Corporate Accountability for Atrocities

Scott A. Gilmore

in Corporate Social Responsibility?: Human Rights in the New Global Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226244273
eISBN:
9780226244440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226244440.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The CSR movement faces a dilemma between the penal code of sanctions and the honor code of self-regulation. To escape this binary, this Chapter draws lessons from the laws of war. Mitigating the ... More


Tortured Prosecutions: Holding Private Military Contractors Accountable

Garrett Ordower

in Confronting Torture: Essays on the Ethics, Legality, History, and Psychology of Torture Today

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226529387
eISBN:
9780226529554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529554.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter argues that the vast increase in the U.S. use of military contractors to fight the War on Terror has created the potential for illegality and abuse by U.S. military contractors but ... More


Conflicts between Federal Law and Foreign Law

Symeon C. Symeonides

in Choice of Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190496722
eISBN:
9780190496753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496722.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses how American courts resolve conflicts between U.S. federal law and foreign law. After surveying federal statutes that are expressly applicable to foreign events or persons, the ... More


International Law in the U.S. Legal System

Curtis A. Bradley

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190217761
eISBN:
9780190217808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217761.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Comparative Law

This book provides an overview of how international law intersects with the domestic legal system of the United States, and points out various unresolved issues and areas of controversy. The book ... More


Civil Suits: The Utility of State Responsibility and the Law of Tort

Beth Van Schaack

Michael N. Schmitt, Shane R. Reeves, Winston S. Williams, and Sasha Radin (eds)

in Imagining Justice for Syria

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190055967
eISBN:
9780190055974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055967.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Rounding out the matrix of accountability, chapter 8 presents several nonpenal options to bring justice to Syria, including civil suits in domestic courts against responsible individuals and entities ... More


The Corporation as an Atrocity Contributor

Michael J. Kelly and Luis Moreno-Ocampo

in Prosecuting Corporations for Genocide

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190238896
eISBN:
9780190238919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190238896.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter provides historical context for understanding the legal treatment of companies that commit wrongdoing. Section I traces the experience of two early joint ventures—the Dutch East India ... More


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