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Pakistan: “Why Would Our Hajjis Vote against Us?”

Robert R. Bianchi

in Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171075
eISBN:
9780199835102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171071.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Hajj growth closely tracks the power struggles and ideological shifts that shaped and demolished Pakistan’s political regimes. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his Pakistan People’s Party helped to invent ... More


Impossible Democracy or Impossible Democrats?

Christophe Jaffrelot

in The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190235185
eISBN:
9780190492229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While the initial democratic design was aborted between 1947 and 1958, the democratization moment that followed Ayub Khan’s resignation in 1969 resulted in the secession of Bengal and a new phase of ... More


The Yahya Khan and Bhutto Era, 1969–1977

Andreas Rieck

in The Shias of Pakistan: An Assertive and Beleaguered Minority

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190240967
eISBN:
9780190492113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190240967.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In Pakistan’s first nationwide elections 1970 most Shias voted for the Pakistan People’s Party of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, although many Shia religious leaders objected to Bhutto’s “socialist” rhetoric. ... More


Five Ethnic Groups for One Nation: Between Support and Alienation

Christophe Jaffrelot

in The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190235185
eISBN:
9780190492229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After the creation of Bangladesh, the rise to power of a Sindhi, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, contributed to the Pakistanization of Sindh. While Pashtun nationalism was diluted, the Baloch Self-Determination ... More


From the Simla Summit to Zia's Coup

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan: Continued Conflict or Cooperation?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266773
eISBN:
9780520925755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto knew that Pakistan had been badly beaten by India. But he also knew that the fortunes and destinies of nations often change quickly, and that in some respects losing Bangladesh ... More


From Jinnah’s Secularism to Zia’s Islamisation Policy

Christophe Jaffrelot

in The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190235185
eISBN:
9780190492229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190235185.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In 1947 there was no consensus on the place of Islam in the new state. While Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Muslim League defined the country as the homeland of South Asian Muslims, fundamentalists and Ulema ... More


The Second Indo-Pakistani War

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan: Continued Conflict or Cooperation?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266773
eISBN:
9780520925755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Pakistan's chief of army staff in 1957, General Muhammad Ayub Khan, was furious when India announced that the adoption of Jammu and Kashmir's new constitution made that state an integral part of the ... More


The Third Indo-Pakistani War and the Birth of Bangladesh

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan: Continued Conflict or Cooperation?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266773
eISBN:
9780520925755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

From its birth, Pakistan was plagued by the insoluble division of its territory into two wings, with a thousand miles of northern India between them. The Pakistan Resolution unanimously adopted by ... More


Enter the Pakistan Peoples Party: The New Ethnic Entrepreneur

Asma Faiz

in In Search of Lost Glory: Sindhi Nationalism in Pakistan

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197567135
eISBN:
9780197583340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197567135.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter captures the story of Sindh following the rise of the PPP under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. The author examines Bhutto’s victory in the 1970 elections in Sindh on the basis of his charisma, ... More


Tragedy in Shame

Andrew Teverson

in Salman Rushdie

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719070501
eISBN:
9781781701225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719070501.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter discusses the novel, Shame. The novel traces a fictionalised and heavily fantasised path through the rise to political power of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (who appears as Iskander Harappa); ... More


Prohibition and ‘Sharab’ as Political Protest in Karachi

Nadeem F. Paracha

in Cityscapes of Violence in Karachi: Publics and Counterpublics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190656546
eISBN:
9780190848460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656546.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter by Nadeem Farooq Paracha brings oral history and memoir to the fore. Paracha interweaves national, social and personal histories in an extraordinary analysis of how alcohol, its sale and ... More


The Politicization of the Shia Community in Pakistan in the 1970s and 1980s

Mariam Abou Zahab

in Pakistan: A Kaleidoscope of Islam

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197534595
eISBN:
9780197536186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197534595.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter points out the prominent role the Shias played in the struggle for Pakistan. It highlights how most of the leaders from Paskistan were westernized and saw politics as a collective ... More


The Geopolitical Reinvention of the Holy War

Manlio Graziano

in Holy Wars and Holy Alliance: The Return of Religion to the Global Political Stage

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231174626
eISBN:
9780231543910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174626.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is about the exploitation of religion in Afghanistan for international political reasons.


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