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The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Arlindo Oliveira

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This book addresses the connections between computers, life, evolution, brains, and minds. Digital computers are recent and have changed our society. However, they represent just the latest way to ... More


How We Became Our Data: A Genealogy of the Informational Person

Colin Koopman

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226626444
eISBN:
9780226626611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226626611.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

We are now acutely aware, as if all of the sudden, that data matters enormously to how we live. How did information come to be so integral to what we can do? How did we become people who effortlessly ... More


Generating Random Networks and Graphs

Ton Coolen, Alessia Annibale, and Ekaterina Roberts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198709893
eISBN:
9780191780172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198709893.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book supports researchers who need to generate random networks, or who are interested in the theoretical study of random graphs. The coverage includes exponential random graphs (where the ... More


Introduction

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The introduction to Artificial Chemistries discusses its root in Artificial Life research before explaining with a simple example from the mathematical area of Arithmetic what we can imagine under an ... More


The Universal Machine

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter covers the development of computing, from its origins, with the analytical engine, to modern computer science. Babbage and Ada Lovelace’s contributions to the science of computing led, ... More


Brain Computation

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Large-scale systems are hierarchically organized to manage their complexity. Silicon computing makes extensive use of hierarchies but computational models of the brain have tended to sidestep ... More


Decision Making

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Acting in the world in the situation that the agent is aware of requires command of decision options. Basic decision can be handled with barrier models, but social decisions require Game Theory. ... More


Enlightenment Reason, Cold War Rationality, and the Rule of Rules

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the two decades following the close of World War II, philosophers, mathematicians, economists, political scientists, military strategists, computer scientists, and psychologists defined and ... More


Afterword: Remaking the World

Catherine Besteman

in Life by Algorithms: How Roboprocesses Are Remaking Our World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226627427
eISBN:
9780226627731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226627731.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The afterward to Life by Algorithms assesses the implications of a world of ubiquitous roboprocesses, or algorithmic ordering systems. In addition to their lack of transparency, accountability, and ... More


Conclusion

James Meese

in Authors, Users, and Pirates: Copyright Law and Subjectivity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037440
eISBN:
9780262344517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037440.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The conclusion begins by outlining the contributions the book has made to the literature, namely its identification of the socio-legal construction of relational subjectivity and the substantial ... More


Visible Privacy: Norms, Preferences, and Strategies

Jacqueline Ryan Vickery

in Worried About the Wrong Things: Youth, Risk, and Opportunity in the Digital World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036023
eISBN:
9780262339339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036023.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter critiques the ways privacy is constructed as an individual choice or responsibility and instead draws attention to the ways privacy and identity are collective and networked via social ... More


Processes: Algorithmic Personality: The Informatics of Psychological Traits, 1917–1937

Colin Koopman

in How We Became Our Data: A Genealogy of the Informational Person

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226626444
eISBN:
9780226626611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226626611.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The central argument of How We Became Our Data is that for the past one hundred years we have been organized by a politics of data within which control is exerted by the many formats of our ... More


The Ultimate Conjuncture: What Shadows the Brain-Mind Merger?

Barbara Maria Stafford

in Ribbon of Darkness: Inferencing from the Shadowy Arts and Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226630489
eISBN:
9780226630656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226630656.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This essay examines the physical and metaphysical, literal as well as metaphorical concept-phenomenon of shadow. By analyzing a range of sooty silhouettes and dusky patterns spanning the geometrical ... More


Everything Old Is New Again—Or Is It?

Julie E. Cohen

in Between Truth and Power: The Legal Constructions of Informational Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190246693
eISBN:
9780190909543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190246693.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics, Legal History

Extending the analytical frame and the metaphor of the double movement, this chapter frames the emergence of informational capitalism in terms of three large-scale shifts that together constitute the ... More


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